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XLV vs. XLI: What’s The Difference?

The Health Care Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLV) and the Industrial Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLI) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. XLV is a SPDR State Street Global Advisors Health fund and XLI is a SPDR State Street Global Advisors Industrials fund. So, what’s the difference between XLV and XLI? And which fund is better?

XLV and XLI have the same expense ratio: 0.12%. XLV also has a higher exposure to the healthcare sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, XLV has provided higher returns than XLI over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare XLV vs. XLI. We’ll look at holdings and industry exposure, as well as at their portfolio growth and performance. Moreover, I’ll also discuss XLV’s and XLI’s annual returns, fund composition, and risk metrics and examine how these affect their overall returns.

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Summary

XLVXLI
NameHealth Care Select Sector SPDR FundIndustrial Select Sector SPDR Fund
CategoryHealthIndustrials
IssuerSPDR State Street Global AdvisorsSPDR State Street Global Advisors
AUM27.88B19.33B
Avg. Return15.02%14.44%
Div. Yield1.4%1.25%
Expense Ratio0.12%0.12%

The Health Care Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLV) is a Health fund that is issued by SPDR State Street Global Advisors. It currently has 27.88B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 15.02% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.4% with an expense ratio of 0.12%.

The Industrial Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLI) is a Industrials fund that is issued by SPDR State Street Global Advisors. It currently has 19.33B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.44% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.25% with an expense ratio of 0.12%.

XLV’s dividend yield is 0.15% higher than that of XLI (1.4% vs. 1.25%). Also, XLV yielded on average 0.58% more per year over the past decade (15.02% vs. 14.44%). XLV and XLI have the same expense ratio: 0.12%.

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Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

XLV vs. XLI - Industry Exposure

XLVXLI
Technology0.0%1.82%
Industrials0.0%97.49%
Energy0.0%0.0%
Communication Services0.0%0.0%
Utilities0.0%0.0%
Healthcare100.0%0.0%
Consumer Defensive0.0%0.0%
Real Estate0.0%0.0%
Financial Services0.0%0.0%
Consumer Cyclical0.0%0.69%
Basic Materials0.0%0.0%

The Health Care Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLV) has the most exposure to the Healthcare sector at 100.0%. This is followed by Technology and Industrials at 0.0% and 0.0% respectively. Consumer Cyclical (0.0%), Financial Services (0.0%), and Real Estate (0.0%) only make up 0.00% of the fund’s total assets.

XLV’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Utilities, Communication Services, Energy, and Industrials stocks at 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0%.

The Industrial Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLI) has the most exposure to the Industrials sector at 97.49%. This is followed by Technology and Consumer Cyclical at 1.82% and 0.69% respectively. Financial Services (0.0%), Real Estate (0.0%), and Consumer Defensive (0.0%) only make up 0.00% of the fund’s total assets.

XLI’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Healthcare, Utilities, Communication Services, Energy, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.69%.

XLV is 100.00% more exposed to the Healthcare sector than XLI (100.0% vs 0.0%). XLV’s exposure to Technology and Industrials stocks is 1.82% lower and 97.49% lower respectively (0.0% vs. 1.82% and 0.0% vs. 97.49%). In total, Consumer Cyclical, Financial Services, and Real Estate also make up 0.69% less of the fund’s holdings compared to XLI (0.00% vs. 0.69%).

Holdings

XLV - Holdings

XLV HoldingsWeight
Johnson & Johnson9.19%
UnitedHealth Group Inc8.01%
Pfizer Inc4.64%
Abbott Laboratories4.36%
AbbVie Inc4.21%
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc4.2%
Merck & Co Inc4.17%
Eli Lilly and Co3.87%
Danaher Corp3.61%
Medtronic PLC3.54%

XLV’s Top Holdings are Johnson & Johnson, UnitedHealth Group Inc, Pfizer Inc, Abbott Laboratories, and AbbVie Inc at 9.19%, 8.01%, 4.64%, 4.36%, and 4.21%.

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc (4.2%), Merck & Co Inc (4.17%), and Eli Lilly and Co (3.87%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Danaher Corp and Medtronic PLC are also represented in the XLV’s holdings at 3.61% and 3.54%.

XLI - Holdings

XLI HoldingsWeight
Honeywell International Inc4.9%
United Parcel Service Inc Class B4.84%
Union Pacific Corp4.7%
Boeing Co4.24%
Raytheon Technologies Corp4.16%
Caterpillar Inc3.84%
General Electric Co3.8%
3M Co3.7%
Deere & Co3.54%
Lockheed Martin Corp2.98%

XLI’s Top Holdings are Honeywell International Inc, United Parcel Service Inc Class B, Union Pacific Corp, Boeing Co, and Raytheon Technologies Corp at 4.9%, 4.84%, 4.7%, 4.24%, and 4.16%.

Caterpillar Inc (3.84%), General Electric Co (3.8%), and 3M Co (3.7%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Deere & Co and Lockheed Martin Corp are also represented in the XLI’s holdings at 3.54% and 2.98%.

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Risk Analysis

XLVXLI
Mean Return1.271.14
R-squared58.1978.97
Std. Deviation12.9417.13
Alpha7.752.38
Beta0.71.08
Sharpe Ratio1.130.76
Treynor Ratio21.111.34

The Health Care Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLV) has a Alpha of 7.75 with a Mean Return of 1.27 and a Standard Deviation of 12.94. Its R-squared is 58.19 while XLV’s Treynor Ratio is 21.1. Furthermore, the fund has a Beta of 0.7 and a Sharpe Ratio of 1.13.

The Industrial Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLI) has a R-squared of 78.97 with a Sharpe Ratio of 0.76 and a Beta of 1.08. Its Treynor Ratio is 11.34 while XLI’s Standard Deviation is 17.13. Furthermore, the fund has a Alpha of 2.38 and a Mean Return of 1.14.

XLV’s Mean Return is 0.13 points higher than that of XLI and its R-squared is 20.78 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 12.94, XLV is slightly less volatile than XLI. The Alpha and Beta of XLV are 5.37 points higher and 0.38 points lower than XLI’s Alpha and Beta.

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Performance

Annual Returns

XLV vs. XLI - Annual Returns

YearXLVXLI
202013.33%11.0%
201920.63%29.11%
20186.3%-13.1%
201721.7%23.85%
2016-2.83%19.93%
20156.82%-4.27%
201425.17%10.44%
201341.24%40.44%
201217.56%14.86%
201112.44%-1.01%
20102.91%27.62%

XLV had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 41.24%. XLV’s worst year over the past decade yielded -2.83% and occurred in 2016. In most years the Health Care Select Sector SPDR Fund provided moderate returns such as in 2011, 2020, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 12.44%, 13.33%, and 17.56% respectively.

The year 2013 was the strongest year for XLI, returning 40.44% on an annual basis. The poorest year for XLI in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -13.1%. Most years the Industrial Select Sector SPDR Fund has given investors modest returns, such as in 2020, 2012, and 2016, when gains were 11.0%, 14.86%, and 19.93% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

XLV vs. XLI - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
XLV$10,000$44,14715.02%
XLI$10,000$39,85314.44%

A $10,000 investment in XLV would have resulted in a final balance of $44,147. This is a profit of $34,147 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 15.02%.

With a $10,000 investment in XLI, the end total would have been $39,853. This equates to a $29,853 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.44%.

XLV’s CAGR is 0.58 percentage points higher than that of XLI and as a result, would have yielded $4,294 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, XLV outperformed XLI by 0.58% annually.


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