The Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLE) and the Vanguard Intermediate-Term Bond Index Fund ETF Shares (BIV) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. XLE is a SPDR State Street Global Advisors Equity Energy fund and BIV is a Vanguard Intermediate-Term Bond fund. So, what’s the difference between XLE and BIV? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of XLE is 0.07 percentage points higher than BIV’s (0.12% vs. 0.05%). XLE also has a high exposure to the energy sector while BIV is mostly comprised of AAA bonds. Overall, XLE has provided lower returns than BIV over the past 11 years.
In this article, we’ll compare XLE vs. BIV. We’ll look at performance and risk metrics, as well as at their annual returns and portfolio growth. Moreover, I’ll also discuss XLE’s and BIV’s holdings, fund composition, and industry exposure and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund||Vanguard Intermediate-Term Bond Index Fund ETF Shares|
|Category||Equity Energy||Intermediate-Term Bond|
|Issuer||SPDR State Street Global Advisors||Vanguard|
The Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLE) is a Equity Energy fund that is issued by SPDR State Street Global Advisors. It currently has 25.55B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 1.28% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 3.92% with an expense ratio of 0.12%.
The Vanguard Intermediate-Term Bond Index Fund ETF Shares (BIV) is a Intermediate-Term Bond fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 39.05B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 5.31% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.06% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.
XLE’s dividend yield is 1.86% higher than that of BIV (3.92% vs. 2.06%). Also, XLE yielded on average 4.03% less per year over the past decade (1.28% vs. 5.31%). The expense ratio of XLE is 0.07 percentage points higher than BIV’s (0.12% vs. 0.05%).
|Exxon Mobil Corp||23.7%|
|EOG Resources Inc||4.46%|
|Marathon Petroleum Corp||4.17%|
|Pioneer Natural Resources Co||4.08%|
|Kinder Morgan Inc Class P||3.85%|
|Williams Companies Inc||3.5%|
XLE’s Top Holdings are Exxon Mobil Corp, Chevron Corp, ConocoPhillips, EOG Resources Inc, and Schlumberger Ltd at 23.7%, 20.03%, 4.64%, 4.46%, and 4.43%.
Marathon Petroleum Corp (4.17%), Pioneer Natural Resources Co (4.08%), and Phillips 66 (4.07%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Kinder Morgan Inc Class P and Williams Companies Inc are also represented in the XLE’s holdings at 3.85% and 3.5%.
|BIV Bond Sectors||Weight|
BIV’s Top Bond Sectors are ratings of AAA, BBB, A, AA, and Others at 54.51%, 25.24%, 16.97%, 3.1%, and 0.15%. The fund is less weighted towards Below B (0.03%), B (0.0%), and BB (0.0%) rated bonds.
The Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLE) has a Sharpe Ratio of 0.12 with a Treynor Ratio of -0.4 and a R-squared of 61.84. Its Beta is 1.54 while XLE’s Alpha is -11.98. Furthermore, the fund has a Mean Return of 0.32 and a Standard Deviation of 27.52.
The Vanguard Intermediate-Term Bond Index Fund ETF Shares (BIV) has a Alpha of -0.07 with a Treynor Ratio of 2.72 and a R-squared of 95.12. Its Sharpe Ratio is 0.89 while BIV’s Mean Return is 0.35. Furthermore, the fund has a Beta of 1.33 and a Standard Deviation of 4.09.
XLE’s Mean Return is 0.03 points lower than that of BIV and its R-squared is 33.28 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 27.52, XLE is slightly more volatile than BIV. The Alpha and Beta of XLE are 11.91 points lower and 0.21 points higher than BIV’s Alpha and Beta.
XLE had its best year in 2016 with an annual return of 27.95%. XLE’s worst year over the past decade yielded -32.56% and occurred in 2020. In most years the Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund provided moderate returns such as in 2017, 2011, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to -1.01%, 2.98%, and 5.17% respectively.
The year 2011 was the strongest year for BIV, returning 10.62% on an annual basis. The poorest year for BIV in the last ten years was 2013, with a yield of -3.44%. Most years the Vanguard Intermediate-Term Bond Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2017, 2014, and 2012, when gains were 3.8%, 7.0%, and 7.02% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in XLE would have resulted in a final balance of $9,339. This is a profit of $-661 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.28%.
With a $10,000 investment in BIV, the end total would have been $17,492. This equates to a $7,492 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.31%.
XLE’s CAGR is 4.03 percentage points lower than that of BIV and as a result, would have yielded $8,153 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, XLE performed worse than BIV by 4.03% annually.
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