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VYM vs. IVE: What’s The Difference?

The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) and the iShares S&P 500 Value ETF (IVE) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VYM is a Vanguard Large Value fund and IVE is a iShares Large Value fund. So, what’s the difference between VYM and IVE? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of VYM is 0.12 percentage points lower than IVE’s (0.06% vs. 0.18%). VYM also has a lower exposure to the financial services sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VYM has provided higher returns than IVE over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare VYM vs. IVE. We’ll look at holdings and risk metrics, as well as at their performance and portfolio growth. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VYM’s and IVE’s industry exposure, annual returns, and fund composition and examine how these affect their overall returns.

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Summary

VYMIVE
NameVanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF SharesiShares S&P 500 Value ETF
CategoryLarge ValueLarge Value
IssuerVanguardiShares
AUM48.5B22.4B
Avg. Return12.20%11.68%
Div. Yield2.79%1.88%
Expense Ratio0.06%0.18%

The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) is a Large Value fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 48.5B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 12.20% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.79% with an expense ratio of 0.06%.

The iShares S&P 500 Value ETF (IVE) is a Large Value fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 22.4B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 11.68% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.88% with an expense ratio of 0.18%.

VYM’s dividend yield is 0.91% higher than that of IVE (2.79% vs. 1.88%). Also, VYM yielded on average 0.51% more per year over the past decade (12.20% vs. 11.68%). The expense ratio of VYM is 0.12 percentage points lower than IVE’s (0.06% vs. 0.18%).

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Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

VYM vs. IVE - Industry Exposure

VYMIVE
Technology9.77%9.41%
Industrials10.14%12.19%
Energy7.12%5.43%
Communication Services5.91%6.4%
Utilities7.27%4.82%
Healthcare13.61%15.4%
Consumer Defensive14.13%9.23%
Real Estate0.02%4.38%
Financial Services22.05%22.06%
Consumer Cyclical5.57%7.68%
Basic Materials4.41%2.99%

The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 22.05%. This is followed by Consumer Defensive and Healthcare at 14.13% and 13.61% respectively. Basic Materials (4.41%), Consumer Cyclical (5.57%), and Communication Services (5.91%) only make up 15.89% of the fund’s total assets.

VYM’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Energy, Utilities, Technology, Industrials, and Healthcare stocks at 7.12%, 7.27%, 9.77%, 10.14%, and 13.61%.

The iShares S&P 500 Value ETF (IVE) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 22.06%. This is followed by Healthcare and Industrials at 15.4% and 12.19% respectively. Real Estate (4.38%), Utilities (4.82%), and Energy (5.43%) only make up 14.63% of the fund’s total assets.

IVE’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, Consumer Defensive, Technology, and Industrials stocks at 6.4%, 7.68%, 9.23%, 9.41%, and 12.19%.

VYM is 0.01% less exposed to the Financial Services sector than IVE (22.05% vs 22.06%). VYM’s exposure to Consumer Defensive and Healthcare stocks is 4.90% higher and 1.79% lower respectively (14.13% vs. 9.23% and 13.61% vs. 15.4%). In total, Basic Materials, Consumer Cyclical, and Communication Services also make up 1.18% less of the fund’s holdings compared to IVE (15.89% vs. 17.07%).

Holdings

VYM - Holdings

VYM HoldingsWeight
JPMorgan Chase & Co3.53%
Johnson & Johnson3.28%
The Home Depot Inc2.59%
Procter & Gamble Co2.48%
Bank of America Corp2.35%
Exxon Mobil Corp2.02%
Comcast Corp Class A1.96%
Verizon Communications Inc1.75%
Intel Corp1.71%
Cisco Systems Inc1.69%

VYM’s Top Holdings are JPMorgan Chase & Co, Johnson & Johnson, The Home Depot Inc, Procter & Gamble Co, and Bank of America Corp at 3.53%, 3.28%, 2.59%, 2.48%, and 2.35%.

Exxon Mobil Corp (2.02%), Comcast Corp Class A (1.96%), and Verizon Communications Inc (1.75%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Intel Corp and Cisco Systems Inc are also represented in the VYM’s holdings at 1.71% and 1.69%.

IVE - Holdings

IVE HoldingsWeight
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B3.05%
JPMorgan Chase & Co2.65%
The Walt Disney Co1.85%
Bank of America Corp1.67%
Johnson & Johnson1.57%
Exxon Mobil Corp1.41%
Pfizer Inc1.38%
Cisco Systems Inc1.35%
Verizon Communications Inc1.33%
Intel Corp1.25%

IVE’s Top Holdings are Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B, JPMorgan Chase & Co, The Walt Disney Co, Bank of America Corp, and Johnson & Johnson at 3.05%, 2.65%, 1.85%, 1.67%, and 1.57%.

Exxon Mobil Corp (1.41%), Pfizer Inc (1.38%), and Cisco Systems Inc (1.35%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Verizon Communications Inc and Intel Corp are also represented in the IVE’s holdings at 1.33% and 1.25%.

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Risk Analysis

VYMIVE
Mean Return1.041.05
R-squared88.8892.08
Std. Deviation12.6914.3
Alpha-0.7-2.9
Beta0.881.01
Sharpe Ratio0.930.83
Treynor Ratio13.2411.41

The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) has a Alpha of -0.7 with a Treynor Ratio of 13.24 and a Standard Deviation of 12.69. Its Sharpe Ratio is 0.93 while VYM’s R-squared is 88.88. Furthermore, the fund has a Mean Return of 1.04 and a Beta of 0.88.

The iShares S&P 500 Value ETF (IVE) has a Beta of 1.01 with a Alpha of -2.9 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0.83. Its R-squared is 92.08 while IVE’s Standard Deviation is 14.3. Furthermore, the fund has a Mean Return of 1.05 and a Treynor Ratio of 11.41.

VYM’s Mean Return is 0.01 points lower than that of IVE and its R-squared is 3.20 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 12.69, VYM is slightly less volatile than IVE. The Alpha and Beta of VYM are 2.20 points higher and 0.13 points lower than IVE’s Alpha and Beta.

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Performance

Annual Returns

VYM vs. IVE - Annual Returns

YearVYMIVE
20201.14%1.24%
201924.2%31.71%
2018-5.87%-9.09%
201716.42%15.19%
201616.87%17.17%
20150.33%-3.24%
201413.47%12.14%
201330.26%31.69%
201212.68%17.45%
201110.5%-0.63%
201014.17%14.9%

VYM had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 30.26%. VYM’s worst year over the past decade yielded -5.87% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2012, 2014, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 12.68%, 13.47%, and 14.17% respectively.

The year 2019 was the strongest year for IVE, returning 31.71% on an annual basis. The poorest year for IVE in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.09%. Most years the iShares S&P 500 Value ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2014, 2010, and 2017, when gains were 12.14%, 14.9%, and 15.19% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

VYM vs. IVE - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
VYM$10,000$33,91412.20%
IVE$10,000$31,35011.68%

A $10,000 investment in VYM would have resulted in a final balance of $33,914. This is a profit of $23,914 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.20%.

With a $10,000 investment in IVE, the end total would have been $31,350. This equates to a $21,350 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.68%.

VYM’s CAGR is 0.51 percentage points higher than that of IVE and as a result, would have yielded $2,564 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VYM outperformed IVE by 0.51% annually.


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