The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) and the Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VYM is a Vanguard Large Value fund and DFAC is a Dimensional Fund Advisors Large Blend fund. So, what’s the difference between VYM and DFAC? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VYM is 0.13 percentage points lower than DFAC’s (0.06% vs. 0.19%). VYM also has a higher exposure to the financial services sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VYM has provided lower returns than DFAC over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VYM vs. DFAC. We’ll look at performance and portfolio growth, as well as at their risk metrics and annual returns. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VYM’s and DFAC’s holdings, industry exposure, and fund composition and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares||Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF|
|Category||Large Value||Large Blend|
|Issuer||Vanguard||Dimensional Fund Advisors|
The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) is a Large Value fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 48.5B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 12.20% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.79% with an expense ratio of 0.06%.
The Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Dimensional Fund Advisors. It currently has 13.53B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 13.93% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.0% with an expense ratio of 0.19%.
VYM’s dividend yield is 1.79% higher than that of DFAC (2.79% vs. 1.0%). Also, VYM yielded on average 1.74% less per year over the past decade (12.20% vs. 13.93%). The expense ratio of VYM is 0.13 percentage points lower than DFAC’s (0.06% vs. 0.19%).
The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 22.05%. This is followed by Consumer Defensive and Healthcare at 14.13% and 13.61% respectively. Basic Materials (4.41%), Consumer Cyclical (5.57%), and Communication Services (5.91%) only make up 15.89% of the fund’s total assets.
VYM’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Energy, Utilities, Technology, Industrials, and Healthcare stocks at 7.12%, 7.27%, 9.77%, 10.14%, and 13.61%.
The Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 22.81%. This is followed by Financial Services and Industrials at 16.17% and 14.13% respectively. Utilities (1.54%), Energy (2.67%), and Basic Materials (3.56%) only make up 7.77% of the fund’s total assets.
DFAC’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Communication Services, Healthcare, Consumer Cyclical, and Industrials stocks at 5.94%, 7.63%, 12.09%, 13.09%, and 14.13%.
VYM is 5.88% more exposed to the Financial Services sector than DFAC (22.05% vs 16.17%). VYM’s exposure to Consumer Defensive and Healthcare stocks is 8.19% higher and 1.52% higher respectively (14.13% vs. 5.94% and 13.61% vs. 12.09%). In total, Basic Materials, Consumer Cyclical, and Communication Services also make up 8.39% less of the fund’s holdings compared to DFAC (15.89% vs. 24.28%).
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||3.53%|
|Johnson & Johnson||3.28%|
|The Home Depot Inc||2.59%|
|Procter & Gamble Co||2.48%|
|Bank of America Corp||2.35%|
|Exxon Mobil Corp||2.02%|
|Comcast Corp Class A||1.96%|
|Verizon Communications Inc||1.75%|
|Cisco Systems Inc||1.69%|
VYM’s Top Holdings are JPMorgan Chase & Co, Johnson & Johnson, The Home Depot Inc, Procter & Gamble Co, and Bank of America Corp at 3.53%, 3.28%, 2.59%, 2.48%, and 2.35%.
Exxon Mobil Corp (2.02%), Comcast Corp Class A (1.96%), and Verizon Communications Inc (1.75%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Intel Corp and Cisco Systems Inc are also represented in the VYM’s holdings at 1.71% and 1.69%.
|Johnson & Johnson||1.05%|
|Facebook Inc Class A||1.05%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||1.0%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||0.85%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||0.84%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||0.75%|
|Visa Inc Class A||0.74%|
DFAC’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Johnson & Johnson, and Facebook Inc Class A at 4.7%, 3.81%, 2.39%, 1.05%, and 1.05%.
JPMorgan Chase & Co (1.0%), Alphabet Inc Class C (0.85%), and Alphabet Inc Class A (0.84%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B and Visa Inc Class A are also represented in the DFAC’s holdings at 0.75% and 0.74%.
The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) has a Alpha of -0.7 with a Standard Deviation of 12.69 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0.93. Its Mean Return is 1.04 while VYM’s R-squared is 88.88. Furthermore, the fund has a Treynor Ratio of 13.24 and a Beta of 0.88.
The Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) has a Treynor Ratio of 11.85 with a Sharpe Ratio of 0.88 and a Beta of 1.12. Its Mean Return is 1.19 while DFAC’s Standard Deviation is 15.55. Furthermore, the fund has a R-squared of 95.1 and a Alpha of -2.75.
VYM’s Mean Return is 0.15 points lower than that of DFAC and its R-squared is 6.22 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 12.69, VYM is slightly less volatile than DFAC. The Alpha and Beta of VYM are 2.05 points higher and 0.24 points lower than DFAC’s Alpha and Beta.
VYM had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 30.26%. VYM’s worst year over the past decade yielded -5.87% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2012, 2014, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 12.68%, 13.47%, and 14.17% respectively.
The year 2013 was the strongest year for DFAC, returning 37.55% on an annual basis. The poorest year for DFAC in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.43%. Most years the Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2020, 2016, and 2012, when gains were 15.8%, 16.31%, and 17.93% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VYM would have resulted in a final balance of $33,914. This is a profit of $23,914 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.20%.
With a $10,000 investment in DFAC, the end total would have been $38,796. This equates to a $28,796 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.93%.
VYM’s CAGR is 1.74 percentage points lower than that of DFAC and as a result, would have yielded $4,882 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VYM performed worse than DFAC by 1.74% annually.
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