Skip to content

VYM vs. DFAC: What’s The Difference?

The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) and the Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VYM is a Vanguard Large Value fund and DFAC is a Dimensional Fund Advisors Large Blend fund. So, what’s the difference between VYM and DFAC? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of VYM is 0.13 percentage points lower than DFAC’s (0.06% vs. 0.19%). VYM also has a higher exposure to the financial services sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VYM has provided lower returns than DFAC over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare VYM vs. DFAC. We’ll look at performance and portfolio growth, as well as at their risk metrics and annual returns. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VYM’s and DFAC’s holdings, industry exposure, and fund composition and examine how these affect their overall returns.

Introduction To Mutual Funds
Introduction To Mutual Funds
TIP: Keep track of all your investments with Personal Capital. I use this amazing tool to aggregate all investments in one place and make sure I'm on track to financial freedom. Oh, and did I mention it's free? Try it out here (link to Personal Capital).

Summary

VYMDFAC
NameVanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF SharesDimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF
CategoryLarge ValueLarge Blend
IssuerVanguardDimensional Fund Advisors
AUM48.5B13.53B
Avg. Return12.20%13.93%
Div. Yield2.79%1.0%
Expense Ratio0.06%0.19%

The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) is a Large Value fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 48.5B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 12.20% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.79% with an expense ratio of 0.06%.

The Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Dimensional Fund Advisors. It currently has 13.53B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 13.93% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.0% with an expense ratio of 0.19%.

VYM’s dividend yield is 1.79% higher than that of DFAC (2.79% vs. 1.0%). Also, VYM yielded on average 1.74% less per year over the past decade (12.20% vs. 13.93%). The expense ratio of VYM is 0.13 percentage points lower than DFAC’s (0.06% vs. 0.19%).

FYI: The best way I've found to invest in ETFs is through M1 Finance. It's free and you even get an instant line of credit! Have a look here (link to M1 Finance).

Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

VYM vs. DFAC - Industry Exposure

VYMDFAC
Technology9.77%22.81%
Industrials10.14%14.13%
Energy7.12%2.67%
Communication Services5.91%7.63%
Utilities7.27%1.54%
Healthcare13.61%12.09%
Consumer Defensive14.13%5.94%
Real Estate0.02%0.37%
Financial Services22.05%16.17%
Consumer Cyclical5.57%13.09%
Basic Materials4.41%3.56%

The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 22.05%. This is followed by Consumer Defensive and Healthcare at 14.13% and 13.61% respectively. Basic Materials (4.41%), Consumer Cyclical (5.57%), and Communication Services (5.91%) only make up 15.89% of the fund’s total assets.

VYM’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Energy, Utilities, Technology, Industrials, and Healthcare stocks at 7.12%, 7.27%, 9.77%, 10.14%, and 13.61%.

The Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 22.81%. This is followed by Financial Services and Industrials at 16.17% and 14.13% respectively. Utilities (1.54%), Energy (2.67%), and Basic Materials (3.56%) only make up 7.77% of the fund’s total assets.

DFAC’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Communication Services, Healthcare, Consumer Cyclical, and Industrials stocks at 5.94%, 7.63%, 12.09%, 13.09%, and 14.13%.

VYM is 5.88% more exposed to the Financial Services sector than DFAC (22.05% vs 16.17%). VYM’s exposure to Consumer Defensive and Healthcare stocks is 8.19% higher and 1.52% higher respectively (14.13% vs. 5.94% and 13.61% vs. 12.09%). In total, Basic Materials, Consumer Cyclical, and Communication Services also make up 8.39% less of the fund’s holdings compared to DFAC (15.89% vs. 24.28%).

Holdings

VYM - Holdings

VYM HoldingsWeight
JPMorgan Chase & Co3.53%
Johnson & Johnson3.28%
The Home Depot Inc2.59%
Procter & Gamble Co2.48%
Bank of America Corp2.35%
Exxon Mobil Corp2.02%
Comcast Corp Class A1.96%
Verizon Communications Inc1.75%
Intel Corp1.71%
Cisco Systems Inc1.69%

VYM’s Top Holdings are JPMorgan Chase & Co, Johnson & Johnson, The Home Depot Inc, Procter & Gamble Co, and Bank of America Corp at 3.53%, 3.28%, 2.59%, 2.48%, and 2.35%.

Exxon Mobil Corp (2.02%), Comcast Corp Class A (1.96%), and Verizon Communications Inc (1.75%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Intel Corp and Cisco Systems Inc are also represented in the VYM’s holdings at 1.71% and 1.69%.

DFAC - Holdings

DFAC HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc4.7%
Microsoft Corp3.81%
Amazon.com Inc2.39%
Johnson & Johnson1.05%
Facebook Inc Class A1.05%
JPMorgan Chase & Co1.0%
Alphabet Inc Class C0.85%
Alphabet Inc Class A0.84%
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B0.75%
Visa Inc Class A0.74%

DFAC’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Johnson & Johnson, and Facebook Inc Class A at 4.7%, 3.81%, 2.39%, 1.05%, and 1.05%.

JPMorgan Chase & Co (1.0%), Alphabet Inc Class C (0.85%), and Alphabet Inc Class A (0.84%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B and Visa Inc Class A are also represented in the DFAC’s holdings at 0.75% and 0.74%.

NOTE: The easiest way to add diversification to your portfolio is to invest in real estate through Fundrise. You can become private real estate investor without the burden of property management! Check it out here (link to Fundrise).

Risk Analysis

VYMDFAC
Mean Return1.041.19
R-squared88.8895.1
Std. Deviation12.6915.55
Alpha-0.7-2.75
Beta0.881.12
Sharpe Ratio0.930.88
Treynor Ratio13.2411.85

The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) has a Alpha of -0.7 with a Standard Deviation of 12.69 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0.93. Its Mean Return is 1.04 while VYM’s R-squared is 88.88. Furthermore, the fund has a Treynor Ratio of 13.24 and a Beta of 0.88.

The Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) has a Treynor Ratio of 11.85 with a Sharpe Ratio of 0.88 and a Beta of 1.12. Its Mean Return is 1.19 while DFAC’s Standard Deviation is 15.55. Furthermore, the fund has a R-squared of 95.1 and a Alpha of -2.75.

VYM’s Mean Return is 0.15 points lower than that of DFAC and its R-squared is 6.22 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 12.69, VYM is slightly less volatile than DFAC. The Alpha and Beta of VYM are 2.05 points higher and 0.24 points lower than DFAC’s Alpha and Beta.

FYI: Another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector is by investing in real estate debt. Groundfloor offers fantastic short-term, high-yield bonds that can add diversification to your portfolio!

Performance

Annual Returns

VYM vs. DFAC - Annual Returns

YearVYMDFAC
20201.14%15.8%
201924.2%29.54%
2018-5.87%-9.43%
201716.42%18.82%
201616.87%16.31%
20150.33%-2.53%
201413.47%9.56%
201330.26%37.55%
201212.68%17.93%
201110.5%-1.96%
201014.17%21.67%

VYM had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 30.26%. VYM’s worst year over the past decade yielded -5.87% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2012, 2014, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 12.68%, 13.47%, and 14.17% respectively.

The year 2013 was the strongest year for DFAC, returning 37.55% on an annual basis. The poorest year for DFAC in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.43%. Most years the Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2020, 2016, and 2012, when gains were 15.8%, 16.31%, and 17.93% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

VYM vs. DFAC - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
VYM$10,000$33,91412.20%
DFAC$10,000$38,79613.93%

A $10,000 investment in VYM would have resulted in a final balance of $33,914. This is a profit of $23,914 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.20%.

With a $10,000 investment in DFAC, the end total would have been $38,796. This equates to a $28,796 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.93%.

VYM’s CAGR is 1.74 percentage points lower than that of DFAC and as a result, would have yielded $4,882 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VYM performed worse than DFAC by 1.74% annually.


Current recommendations:

Over the past years, I have discovered several tools and products that have helped me tremendously on my path to financial freedom:

P.S.: The links below are affiliate links, which means I receive a small commission at no extra cost to you when you sign up for one of the services. Thank you for your support!

1)Personal Capital is simply the best tool out there to track your net worth and plan for financial freedom. Just their retirement planner alone has become an invaluable tool to keep myself on track financially. Try it out, it's free!

2) Take a look at M1 Finance, my favorite broker. I love how easy it is to invest and maintain my portfolio with them. I can set up automatic transfers, rebalance my portfolio with one click and even borrow up to 35% of my assets at super low interest rates!

3) Fundrise is by far the best way I've found to invest in Real Estate. You can diversify your portfolio by investing in their eREITs or even allocate capital to individual properties (without the hassle of managing tenants!).

4) Groundfloor is another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector by investing in short-term, high-yield real estate debt. Current returns are >10% and you can get started with just $10.

5) If you are interested in startup investing, check out Mainvest. I've started allocating a small amount of assets to invest in and support small businesses. Return targets are between 10-25% and you can start with just $100!

To see all of my most up-to-date recommendations, check out the Recommended Tools section.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.