The Vanguard Total International Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VXUS) and the ProShares UltraPro QQQ (TQQQ) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VXUS is a Vanguard Foreign Large Blend fund and TQQQ is a ProShares Trading–Leveraged Equity fund. So, what’s the difference between VXUS and TQQQ? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VXUS is 0.87 percentage points lower than TQQQ’s (0.08% vs. 0.95%). VXUS also has a higher exposure to the financial services sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VXUS has provided lower returns than TQQQ over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VXUS vs. TQQQ. We’ll look at risk metrics and annual returns, as well as at their holdings and performance. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VXUS’s and TQQQ’s fund composition, portfolio growth, and industry exposure and examine how these affect their overall returns.
FYI: Another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector is by investing in real estate debt. Groundfloor offers fantastic short-term, high-yield bonds that can add diversification to your portfolio!
|Name||Vanguard Total International Stock Index Fund ETF Shares||ProShares UltraPro QQQ|
|Category||Foreign Large Blend||Trading–Leveraged Equity|
The Vanguard Total International Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VXUS) is a Foreign Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 404.73B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 8.41% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.44% with an expense ratio of 0.08%.
The ProShares UltraPro QQQ (TQQQ) is a Trading–Leveraged Equity fund that is issued by ProShares. It currently has 12.41B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 61.22% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.0% with an expense ratio of 0.95%.
VXUS’s dividend yield is 2.44% higher than that of TQQQ (2.44% vs. 0.0%). Also, VXUS yielded on average 52.82% less per year over the past decade (8.41% vs. 61.22%). The expense ratio of VXUS is 0.87 percentage points lower than TQQQ’s (0.08% vs. 0.95%).
FYI: The best way I've found to invest is through M1 Finance. It's free and you even get an instant line of credit and 100$! Have a look here (link to M1 Finance).
The Vanguard Total International Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VXUS) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 17.64%. This is followed by Technology and Industrials at 13.07% and 12.94% respectively. Real Estate (3.79%), Energy (4.55%), and Communication Services (7.06%) only make up 15.40% of the fund’s total assets.
VXUS’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Basic Materials, Healthcare, Consumer Cyclical, and Industrials stocks at 7.83%, 8.37%, 9.19%, 12.64%, and 12.94%.
The ProShares UltraPro QQQ (TQQQ) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 0.0%. This is followed by Industrials and Energy at 0.0% and 0.0% respectively. Consumer Cyclical (0.0%), Financial Services (0.0%), and Real Estate (0.0%) only make up 0.00% of the fund’s total assets.
TQQQ’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Healthcare, Utilities, Communication Services, and Energy stocks at 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0%.
VXUS is 17.64% more exposed to the Financial Services sector than TQQQ (17.64% vs 0.0%). VXUS’s exposure to Technology and Industrials stocks is 13.07% higher and 12.94% higher respectively (13.07% vs. 0.0% and 12.94% vs. 0.0%). In total, Real Estate, Energy, and Communication Services also make up 15.40% more of the fund’s holdings compared to TQQQ (15.40% vs. 0.00%).
|Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd||1.62%|
|Tencent Holdings Ltd||1.41%|
|Alibaba Group Holding Ltd Ordinary Shares||1.26%|
|Samsung Electronics Co Ltd||1.05%|
|ASML Holding NV||0.86%|
|Roche Holding AG||0.81%|
|Toyota Motor Corp||0.67%|
|LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE||0.61%|
VXUS’s Top Holdings are Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd, Tencent Holdings Ltd, Alibaba Group Holding Ltd Ordinary Shares, Nestle SA, and Samsung Electronics Co Ltd at 1.62%, 1.41%, 1.26%, 1.1%, and 1.05%.
ASML Holding NV (0.86%), Roche Holding AG (0.81%), and Toyota Motor Corp (0.67%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE and Novartis AG are also represented in the VXUS’s holdings at 0.61% and 0.6%.
|Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Goldman Sachs International||45.11%|
|Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Societe Generale||44.73%|
|Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Bnp Paribas||38.05%|
|Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Bank Of America Na||31.53%|
|Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Citibank Na||31.49%|
|Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Jp Morgan Securities||26.2%|
|Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Credit Suisse International||5.9%|
TQQQ’s Top Holdings are Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Goldman Sachs International, Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Societe Generale, Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Bnp Paribas, Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Bank Of America Na, and Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Citibank Na at 45.11%, 44.73%, 38.05%, 31.53%, and 31.49%.
Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Jp Morgan Securities (26.2%), Apple Inc (7.49%), and Microsoft Corp (6.69%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Credit Suisse International and Amazon.com Inc are also represented in the TQQQ’s holdings at 5.9% and 5.68%.
The Vanguard Total International Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VXUS) has a Standard Deviation of 15.12 with a Mean Return of 0.56 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0.4. Its Treynor Ratio is 5.14 while VXUS’s Alpha is 0.31. Furthermore, the fund has a Beta of 0.99 and a R-squared of 98.39.
The ProShares UltraPro QQQ (TQQQ) has a Alpha of 7.29 with a R-squared of 83.64 and a Treynor Ratio of 15.65. Its Standard Deviation is 50.08 while TQQQ’s Sharpe Ratio is 1.1. Furthermore, the fund has a Beta of 3.37 and a Mean Return of 4.65.
VXUS’s Mean Return is 4.09 points lower than that of TQQQ and its R-squared is 14.75 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 15.12, VXUS is slightly less volatile than TQQQ. The Alpha and Beta of VXUS are 6.98 points lower and 2.38 points lower than TQQQ’s Alpha and Beta.
NOTE: The easiest way to add diversification to your portfolio is to invest in real estate through Fundrise. You can become private real estate investor without the burden of property management! Check it out here (link to Fundrise).
VXUS had its best year in 2017 with an annual return of 27.52%. VXUS’s worst year over the past decade yielded -14.42% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Total International Stock Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2010, 2016, and 2020 where annual returns amounted to 0.0%, 4.72%, and 11.32% respectively.
The year 2013 was the strongest year for TQQQ, returning 139.98% on an annual basis. The poorest year for TQQQ in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -19.65%. Most years the ProShares UltraPro QQQ has given investors modest returns, such as in 2015, 2012, and 2014, when gains were 17.41%, 51.95%, and 56.82% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VXUS would have resulted in a final balance of $19,315. This is a profit of $9,315 over 9 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.41%.
With a $10,000 investment in TQQQ, the end total would have been $642,971. This equates to a $632,971 profit over 9 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 61.22%.
VXUS’s CAGR is 52.82 percentage points lower than that of TQQQ and as a result, would have yielded $623,656 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VXUS performed worse than TQQQ by 52.82% annually.
Over the past years, I have discovered several tools and products that have helped me tremendously on my path to financial freedom:
P.S.: The links below are affiliate links, which means I receive a small commission at no extra cost to you when you sign up for one of the services. Thank you for your support!
1)Personal Capital is simply the best tool out there to track your net worth and plan for financial freedom. Just their retirement planner alone has become an invaluable tool to keep myself on track financially. Try it out, it's free!
2) Take a look at M1 Finance, my favorite broker. I love how easy it is to invest and maintain my portfolio with them. I can set up automatic transfers, rebalance my portfolio with one click and even borrow up to 35% of my assets at super low interest rates!
3) Fundrise is by far the best way I've found to invest in Real Estate. You can diversify your portfolio by investing in their eREITs or even allocate capital to individual properties (without the hassle of managing tenants!).
4) Groundfloor is another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector by investing in short-term, high-yield real estate debt. Current returns are >10% and you can get started with just $10.
5) If you are interested in startup investing, check out Mainvest. I've started allocating a small amount of assets to invest in and support small businesses. Return targets are between 10-25% and you can start with just $100!
To see all of my most up-to-date recommendations, check out the Recommended Tools section.