The Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VWO) and the Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VWO is a Vanguard Diversified Emerging Mkts fund and VT is a Vanguard N/A fund. So, what’s the difference between VWO and VT? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VWO is 0.02 percentage points higher than VT’s (0.1% vs. 0.08%). VWO also has a higher exposure to the financial services sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, VWO has provided lower returns than VT over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VWO vs. VT. We’ll look at holdings and annual returns, as well as at their fund composition and risk metrics. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VWO’s and VT’s performance, industry exposure, and portfolio growth and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets Index Fund ETF Shares||Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares|
|Category||Diversified Emerging Mkts||N/A|
The Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VWO) is a Diversified Emerging Mkts fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 117.28B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 5.79% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.98% with an expense ratio of 0.1%.
The Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) is a N/A fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 30.44B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 10.42% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.65% with an expense ratio of 0.08%.
VWO’s dividend yield is 0.33% higher than that of VT (1.98% vs. 1.65%). Also, VWO yielded on average 4.63% less per year over the past decade (5.79% vs. 10.42%). The expense ratio of VWO is 0.02 percentage points higher than VT’s (0.1% vs. 0.08%).
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The Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VWO) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 18.15%. This is followed by Technology and Consumer Cyclical at 17.06% and 16.1% respectively. Real Estate (3.13%), Healthcare (5.33%), and Energy (5.48%) only make up 13.94% of the fund’s total assets.
VWO’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Basic Materials, Communication Services, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 5.87%, 5.95%, 8.98%, 11.41%, and 16.1%.
The Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 19.63%. This is followed by Financial Services and Consumer Cyclical at 15.36% and 12.32% respectively. Energy (3.48%), Real Estate (3.64%), and Basic Materials (4.97%) only make up 12.09% of the fund’s total assets.
VT’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Communication Services, Industrials, Healthcare, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 6.71%, 9.02%, 10.7%, 11.58%, and 12.32%.
VWO is 2.79% more exposed to the Financial Services sector than VT (18.15% vs 15.36%). VWO’s exposure to Technology and Consumer Cyclical stocks is 2.57% lower and 3.78% higher respectively (17.06% vs. 19.63% and 16.1% vs. 12.32%). In total, Real Estate, Healthcare, and Energy also make up 4.76% less of the fund’s holdings compared to VT (13.94% vs. 18.70%).
|Tencent Holdings Ltd||5.29%|
|Alibaba Group Holding Ltd Ordinary Shares||4.73%|
|Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd||4.58%|
|Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd ADR||1.7%|
|Reliance Industries Ltd Shs Dematerialised||1.06%|
|Naspers Ltd Class N||1.01%|
|China Construction Bank Corp Class H||0.84%|
VWO’s Top Holdings are Tencent Holdings Ltd, Alibaba Group Holding Ltd Ordinary Shares, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd, Meituan, and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd ADR at 5.29%, 4.73%, 4.58%, 1.88%, and 1.7%.
Reliance Industries Ltd Shs Dematerialised (1.06%), Naspers Ltd Class N (1.01%), and Vale SA (0.92%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Infosys Ltd and China Construction Bank Corp Class H are also represented in the VWO’s holdings at 0.91% and 0.84%.
|Facebook Inc Class A||1.1%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||0.97%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||0.95%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||0.62%|
|Tencent Holdings Ltd||0.6%|
VT’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 2.85%, 2.71%, 1.98%, 1.1%, and 0.97%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (0.95%), Tesla Inc (0.7%), and NVIDIA Corp (0.64%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. JPMorgan Chase & Co and Tencent Holdings Ltd are also represented in the VT’s holdings at 0.62% and 0.6%.
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The Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VWO) has a Beta of 1.06 with a R-squared of 81.69 and a Mean Return of 0.45. Its Alpha is -1.36 while VWO’s Standard Deviation is 17.64. Furthermore, the fund has a Treynor Ratio of 3.14 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0.27.
The Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) has a R-squared of 99.35 with a Standard Deviation of 14.19 and a Beta of 1.01. Its Sharpe Ratio is 0.71 while VT’s Alpha is 0.2. Furthermore, the fund has a Treynor Ratio of 9.5 and a Mean Return of 0.9.
VWO’s Mean Return is 0.45 points lower than that of VT and its R-squared is 17.66 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 17.64, VWO is slightly more volatile than VT. The Alpha and Beta of VWO are 1.56 points lower and 0.05 points higher than VT’s Alpha and Beta.
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VWO had its best year in 2017 with an annual return of 31.38%. VWO’s worst year over the past decade yielded -18.68% and occurred in 2011. In most years the Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2014, 2016, and 2020 where annual returns amounted to 0.6%, 11.75%, and 15.32% respectively.
The year 2019 was the strongest year for VT, returning 26.8% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VT in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.67%. Most years the Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2016, 2010, and 2020, when gains were 8.77%, 13.05%, and 16.74% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VWO would have resulted in a final balance of $16,200. This is a profit of $6,200 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.79%.
With a $10,000 investment in VT, the end total would have been $27,739. This equates to a $17,739 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.42%.
VWO’s CAGR is 4.63 percentage points lower than that of VT and as a result, would have yielded $11,539 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VWO performed worse than VT by 4.63% annually.
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