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VV vs. DFAC: What’s The Difference?

The Vanguard Large-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VV) and the Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VV is a Vanguard Large Blend fund and DFAC is a Dimensional Fund Advisors Large Blend fund. So, what’s the difference between VV and DFAC? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of VV is 0.15 percentage points lower than DFAC’s (0.04% vs. 0.19%). VV also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VV has provided higher returns than DFAC over the past 11 years.

In this article, we’ll compare VV vs. DFAC. We’ll look at fund composition and holdings, as well as at their industry exposure and performance. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VV’s and DFAC’s portfolio growth, risk metrics, and annual returns and examine how these affect their overall returns.

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Summary

VVDFAC
NameVanguard Large-Cap Index Fund ETF SharesDimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF
CategoryLarge BlendLarge Blend
IssuerVanguardDimensional Fund Advisors
AUM37.65B13.53B
Avg. Return14.75%13.93%
Div. Yield1.26%1.0%
Expense Ratio0.04%0.19%

The Vanguard Large-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VV) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 37.65B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.75% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.26% with an expense ratio of 0.04%.

The Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Dimensional Fund Advisors. It currently has 13.53B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 13.93% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.0% with an expense ratio of 0.19%.

VV’s dividend yield is 0.26% higher than that of DFAC (1.26% vs. 1.0%). Also, VV yielded on average 0.81% more per year over the past decade (14.75% vs. 13.93%). The expense ratio of VV is 0.15 percentage points lower than DFAC’s (0.04% vs. 0.19%).

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Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

VV vs. DFAC - Industry Exposure

VVDFAC
Technology25.38%22.81%
Industrials8.39%14.13%
Energy2.62%2.67%
Communication Services11.68%7.63%
Utilities2.35%1.54%
Healthcare13.22%12.09%
Consumer Defensive6.06%5.94%
Real Estate2.7%0.37%
Financial Services13.82%16.17%
Consumer Cyclical11.65%13.09%
Basic Materials2.13%3.56%

The Vanguard Large-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VV) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 25.38%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 13.82% and 13.22% respectively. Utilities (2.35%), Energy (2.62%), and Real Estate (2.7%) only make up 7.67% of the fund’s total assets.

VV’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Consumer Cyclical, Communication Services, and Healthcare stocks at 6.06%, 8.39%, 11.65%, 11.68%, and 13.22%.

The Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 22.81%. This is followed by Financial Services and Industrials at 16.17% and 14.13% respectively. Utilities (1.54%), Energy (2.67%), and Basic Materials (3.56%) only make up 7.77% of the fund’s total assets.

DFAC’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Communication Services, Healthcare, Consumer Cyclical, and Industrials stocks at 5.94%, 7.63%, 12.09%, 13.09%, and 14.13%.

VV is 2.57% more exposed to the Technology sector than DFAC (25.38% vs 22.81%). VV’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 2.35% lower and 1.13% higher respectively (13.82% vs. 16.17% and 13.22% vs. 12.09%). In total, Utilities, Energy, and Real Estate also make up 3.09% more of the fund’s holdings compared to DFAC (7.67% vs. 4.58%).

Holdings

VV - Holdings

VV HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc5.7%
Microsoft Corp5.35%
Amazon.com Inc3.87%
Facebook Inc Class A2.19%
Alphabet Inc Class A1.93%
Alphabet Inc Class C1.81%
Tesla Inc1.37%
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B1.3%
NVIDIA Corp1.24%
JPMorgan Chase & Co1.24%

VV’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 5.7%, 5.35%, 3.87%, 2.19%, and 1.93%.

Alphabet Inc Class C (1.81%), Tesla Inc (1.37%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.3%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the VV’s holdings at 1.24% and 1.24%.

DFAC - Holdings

DFAC HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc4.7%
Microsoft Corp3.81%
Amazon.com Inc2.39%
Johnson & Johnson1.05%
Facebook Inc Class A1.05%
JPMorgan Chase & Co1.0%
Alphabet Inc Class C0.85%
Alphabet Inc Class A0.84%
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B0.75%
Visa Inc Class A0.74%

DFAC’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Johnson & Johnson, and Facebook Inc Class A at 4.7%, 3.81%, 2.39%, 1.05%, and 1.05%.

JPMorgan Chase & Co (1.0%), Alphabet Inc Class C (0.85%), and Alphabet Inc Class A (0.84%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B and Visa Inc Class A are also represented in the DFAC’s holdings at 0.75% and 0.74%.

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Risk Analysis

VVDFAC
Mean Return1.241.19
R-squared99.8695.1
Std. Deviation13.7515.55
Alpha-0.08-2.75
Beta1.011.12
Sharpe Ratio1.040.88
Treynor Ratio14.1411.85

The Vanguard Large-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VV) has a Treynor Ratio of 14.14 with a Standard Deviation of 13.75 and a R-squared of 99.86. Its Beta is 1.01 while VV’s Mean Return is 1.24. Furthermore, the fund has a Sharpe Ratio of 1.04 and a Alpha of -0.08.

The Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) has a Mean Return of 1.19 with a Treynor Ratio of 11.85 and a Beta of 1.12. Its Alpha is -2.75 while DFAC’s Sharpe Ratio is 0.88. Furthermore, the fund has a Standard Deviation of 15.55 and a R-squared of 95.1.

VV’s Mean Return is 0.05 points higher than that of DFAC and its R-squared is 4.76 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 13.75, VV is slightly less volatile than DFAC. The Alpha and Beta of VV are 2.67 points higher and 0.11 points lower than DFAC’s Alpha and Beta.

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Performance

Annual Returns

VV vs. DFAC - Annual Returns

YearVVDFAC
202020.99%15.8%
201931.39%29.54%
2018-4.44%-9.43%
201722.03%18.82%
201611.65%16.31%
20151.07%-2.53%
201413.39%9.56%
201332.65%37.55%
201216.09%17.93%
20111.58%-1.96%
201015.81%21.67%

VV had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 32.65%. VV’s worst year over the past decade yielded -4.44% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Large-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2014, 2010, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 13.39%, 15.81%, and 16.09% respectively.

The year 2013 was the strongest year for DFAC, returning 37.55% on an annual basis. The poorest year for DFAC in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.43%. Most years the Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2020, 2016, and 2012, when gains were 15.8%, 16.31%, and 17.93% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

VV vs. DFAC - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
VV$10,000$42,97014.75%
DFAC$10,000$38,79613.93%

A $10,000 investment in VV would have resulted in a final balance of $42,970. This is a profit of $32,970 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.75%.

With a $10,000 investment in DFAC, the end total would have been $38,796. This equates to a $28,796 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.93%.

VV’s CAGR is 0.81 percentage points higher than that of DFAC and as a result, would have yielded $4,174 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VV outperformed DFAC by 0.81% annually.


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