Skip to content

VUG vs. VV: What’s The Difference?

The Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VUG) and the Vanguard Large-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VV) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VUG is a Vanguard Large Growth fund and VV is a Vanguard Large Blend fund. So, what’s the difference between VUG and VV? And which fund is better?

VUG and VV have the same expense ratio: 0.04%. VUG also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, VUG has provided higher returns than VV over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare VUG vs. VV. We’ll look at portfolio growth and holdings, as well as at their industry exposure and performance. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VUG’s and VV’s risk metrics, annual returns, and fund composition and examine how these affect their overall returns.

TIP: Keep track of all your investments with Personal Capital. I use this amazing tool to aggregate all investments in one place and make sure I'm on track to financial freedom. Oh, and did I mention it's free? Try it out here (link to Personal Capital).

Summary

VUGVV
NameVanguard Growth Index Fund ETF SharesVanguard Large-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares
CategoryLarge GrowthLarge Blend
IssuerVanguardVanguard
AUM165.53B37.65B
Avg. Return17.58%14.75%
Div. Yield0.57%1.26%
Expense Ratio0.04%0.04%

The Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VUG) is a Large Growth fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 165.53B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 17.58% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.57% with an expense ratio of 0.04%.

The Vanguard Large-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VV) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 37.65B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.75% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.26% with an expense ratio of 0.04%.

VUG’s dividend yield is 0.69% lower than that of VV (0.57% vs. 1.26%). Also, VUG yielded on average 2.83% more per year over the past decade (17.58% vs. 14.75%). VUG and VV have the same expense ratio: 0.04%.

FYI: The best way I've found to invest in ETFs is through M1 Finance. It's free and you even get an instant line of credit! Have a look here (link to M1 Finance).

Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

VUG vs. VV - Industry Exposure

VUGVV
Technology39.05%25.38%
Industrials5.13%8.39%
Energy0.32%2.62%
Communication Services16.49%11.68%
Utilities0.0%2.35%
Healthcare8.09%13.22%
Consumer Defensive2.41%6.06%
Real Estate2.46%2.7%
Financial Services6.75%13.82%
Consumer Cyclical17.78%11.65%
Basic Materials1.52%2.13%

The Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VUG) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 39.05%. This is followed by Consumer Cyclical and Communication Services at 17.78% and 16.49% respectively. Energy (0.32%), Basic Materials (1.52%), and Consumer Defensive (2.41%) only make up 4.25% of the fund’s total assets.

VUG’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Real Estate, Industrials, Financial Services, Healthcare, and Communication Services stocks at 2.46%, 5.13%, 6.75%, 8.09%, and 16.49%.

The Vanguard Large-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VV) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 25.38%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 13.82% and 13.22% respectively. Utilities (2.35%), Energy (2.62%), and Real Estate (2.7%) only make up 7.67% of the fund’s total assets.

VV’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Consumer Cyclical, Communication Services, and Healthcare stocks at 6.06%, 8.39%, 11.65%, 11.68%, and 13.22%.

VUG is 13.67% more exposed to the Technology sector than VV (39.05% vs 25.38%). VUG’s exposure to Consumer Cyclical and Communication Services stocks is 6.13% higher and 4.81% higher respectively (17.78% vs. 11.65% and 16.49% vs. 11.68%). In total, Energy, Basic Materials, and Consumer Defensive also make up 6.56% less of the fund’s holdings compared to VV (4.25% vs. 10.81%).

Holdings

VUG - Holdings

VUG HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc10.13%
Microsoft Corp9.52%
Amazon.com Inc6.88%
Facebook Inc Class A3.89%
Alphabet Inc Class A3.43%
Alphabet Inc Class C3.22%
Tesla Inc2.44%
NVIDIA Corp2.21%
Visa Inc Class A1.78%
PayPal Holdings Inc1.6%

VUG’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 10.13%, 9.52%, 6.88%, 3.89%, and 3.43%.

Alphabet Inc Class C (3.22%), Tesla Inc (2.44%), and NVIDIA Corp (2.21%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Visa Inc Class A and PayPal Holdings Inc are also represented in the VUG’s holdings at 1.78% and 1.6%.

VV - Holdings

VV HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc5.7%
Microsoft Corp5.35%
Amazon.com Inc3.87%
Facebook Inc Class A2.19%
Alphabet Inc Class A1.93%
Alphabet Inc Class C1.81%
Tesla Inc1.37%
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B1.3%
NVIDIA Corp1.24%
JPMorgan Chase & Co1.24%

VV’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 5.7%, 5.35%, 3.87%, 2.19%, and 1.93%.

Alphabet Inc Class C (1.81%), Tesla Inc (1.37%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.3%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the VV’s holdings at 1.24% and 1.24%.

NOTE: The easiest way to add diversification to your portfolio is to invest in real estate through Fundrise. You can become private real estate investor without the burden of property management! Check it out here (link to Fundrise).

Risk Analysis

VUGVV
Mean Return1.441.24
R-squared92.4899.86
Std. Deviation14.7613.75
Alpha1.81-0.08
Beta1.041.01
Sharpe Ratio1.131.04
Treynor Ratio16.1314.14

The Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VUG) has a Sharpe Ratio of 1.13 with a Standard Deviation of 14.76 and a R-squared of 92.48. Its Mean Return is 1.44 while VUG’s Beta is 1.04. Furthermore, the fund has a Treynor Ratio of 16.13 and a Alpha of 1.81.

The Vanguard Large-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VV) has a Alpha of -0.08 with a Treynor Ratio of 14.14 and a Sharpe Ratio of 1.04. Its R-squared is 99.86 while VV’s Mean Return is 1.24. Furthermore, the fund has a Beta of 1.01 and a Standard Deviation of 13.75.

VUG’s Mean Return is 0.20 points higher than that of VV and its R-squared is 7.38 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 14.76, VUG is slightly more volatile than VV. The Alpha and Beta of VUG are 1.89 points higher and 0.03 points higher than VV’s Alpha and Beta.

FYI: Another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector is by investing in real estate debt. Groundfloor offers fantastic short-term, high-yield bonds that can add diversification to your portfolio!

Performance

Annual Returns

VUG vs. VV - Annual Returns

YearVUGVV
202040.16%20.99%
201937.26%31.39%
2018-3.32%-4.44%
201727.8%22.03%
20166.13%11.65%
20153.32%1.07%
201413.62%13.39%
201332.38%32.65%
201217.03%16.09%
20111.87%1.58%
201017.11%15.81%

VUG had its best year in 2020 with an annual return of 40.16%. VUG’s worst year over the past decade yielded -3.32% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2014, 2012, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 13.62%, 17.03%, and 17.11% respectively.

The year 2013 was the strongest year for VV, returning 32.65% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VV in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -4.44%. Most years the Vanguard Large-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2014, 2010, and 2012, when gains were 13.39%, 15.81%, and 16.09% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

VUG vs. VV - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
VUG$10,000$54,73517.58%
VV$10,000$42,97014.75%

A $10,000 investment in VUG would have resulted in a final balance of $54,735. This is a profit of $44,735 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17.58%.

With a $10,000 investment in VV, the end total would have been $42,970. This equates to a $32,970 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.75%.

VUG’s CAGR is 2.83 percentage points higher than that of VV and as a result, would have yielded $11,765 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VUG outperformed VV by 2.83% annually.


Current recommendations:

Over the past years, I have discovered several tools and products that have helped me tremendously on my path to financial freedom:

P.S.: The links below are affiliate links, which means I receive a small commission at no extra cost to you when you sign up for one of the services. Thank you for your support!

1)Personal Capital is simply the best tool out there to track your net worth and plan for financial freedom. Just their retirement planner alone has become an invaluable tool to keep myself on track financially. Try it out, it's free!

2) Take a look at M1 Finance, my favorite broker. I love how easy it is to invest and maintain my portfolio with them. I can set up automatic transfers, rebalance my portfolio with one click and even borrow up to 35% of my assets at super low interest rates!

3) Fundrise is by far the best way I've found to invest in Real Estate. You can diversify your portfolio by investing in their eREITs or even allocate capital to individual properties (without the hassle of managing tenants!).

4) Groundfloor is another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector by investing in short-term, high-yield real estate debt. Current returns are >10% and you can get started with just $10.

5) If you are interested in startup investing, check out Mainvest. I've started allocating a small amount of assets to invest in and support small businesses. Return targets are between 10-25% and you can start with just $100!

To see all of my most up-to-date recommendations, check out the Recommended Tools section.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.