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VUG vs. IJH: What’s The Difference?

The Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VUG) and the iShares Core S&P Mid-Cap ETF (IJH) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VUG is a Vanguard Large Growth fund and IJH is a iShares Mid-Cap Blend fund. So, what’s the difference between VUG and IJH? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of VUG is 0.01 percentage points lower than IJH’s (0.04% vs. 0.05%). VUG also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VUG has provided higher returns than IJH over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare VUG vs. IJH. We’ll look at industry exposure and risk metrics, as well as at their fund composition and holdings. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VUG’s and IJH’s annual returns, performance, and portfolio growth and examine how these affect their overall returns.

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Summary

VUGIJH
NameVanguard Growth Index Fund ETF SharesiShares Core S&P Mid-Cap ETF
CategoryLarge GrowthMid-Cap Blend
IssuerVanguardiShares
AUM165.53B63.4B
Avg. Return17.58%13.50%
Div. Yield0.57%1.07%
Expense Ratio0.04%0.05%

The Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VUG) is a Large Growth fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 165.53B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 17.58% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.57% with an expense ratio of 0.04%.

The iShares Core S&P Mid-Cap ETF (IJH) is a Mid-Cap Blend fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 63.4B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 13.50% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.07% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.

VUG’s dividend yield is 0.50% lower than that of IJH (0.57% vs. 1.07%). Also, VUG yielded on average 4.08% more per year over the past decade (17.58% vs. 13.50%). The expense ratio of VUG is 0.01 percentage points lower than IJH’s (0.04% vs. 0.05%).

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Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

VUG vs. IJH - Industry Exposure

VUGIJH
Technology39.05%14.81%
Industrials5.13%18.09%
Energy0.32%2.5%
Communication Services16.49%1.57%
Utilities0.0%2.9%
Healthcare8.09%10.89%
Consumer Defensive2.41%4.02%
Real Estate2.46%10.04%
Financial Services6.75%14.85%
Consumer Cyclical17.78%14.91%
Basic Materials1.52%5.42%

The Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VUG) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 39.05%. This is followed by Consumer Cyclical and Communication Services at 17.78% and 16.49% respectively. Energy (0.32%), Basic Materials (1.52%), and Consumer Defensive (2.41%) only make up 4.25% of the fund’s total assets.

VUG’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Real Estate, Industrials, Financial Services, Healthcare, and Communication Services stocks at 2.46%, 5.13%, 6.75%, 8.09%, and 16.49%.

The iShares Core S&P Mid-Cap ETF (IJH) has the most exposure to the Industrials sector at 18.09%. This is followed by Consumer Cyclical and Financial Services at 14.91% and 14.85% respectively. Energy (2.5%), Utilities (2.9%), and Consumer Defensive (4.02%) only make up 9.42% of the fund’s total assets.

IJH’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Real Estate, Healthcare, Technology, and Financial Services stocks at 5.42%, 10.04%, 10.89%, 14.81%, and 14.85%.

VUG is 24.24% more exposed to the Technology sector than IJH (39.05% vs 14.81%). VUG’s exposure to Consumer Cyclical and Communication Services stocks is 2.87% higher and 14.92% higher respectively (17.78% vs. 14.91% and 16.49% vs. 1.57%). In total, Energy, Basic Materials, and Consumer Defensive also make up 7.69% less of the fund’s holdings compared to IJH (4.25% vs. 11.94%).

Holdings

VUG - Holdings

VUG HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc10.13%
Microsoft Corp9.52%
Amazon.com Inc6.88%
Facebook Inc Class A3.89%
Alphabet Inc Class A3.43%
Alphabet Inc Class C3.22%
Tesla Inc2.44%
NVIDIA Corp2.21%
Visa Inc Class A1.78%
PayPal Holdings Inc1.6%

VUG’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 10.13%, 9.52%, 6.88%, 3.89%, and 3.43%.

Alphabet Inc Class C (3.22%), Tesla Inc (2.44%), and NVIDIA Corp (2.21%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Visa Inc Class A and PayPal Holdings Inc are also represented in the VUG’s holdings at 1.78% and 1.6%.

IJH - Holdings

IJH HoldingsWeight
Bio-Techne Corp0.8%
Molina Healthcare Inc0.68%
Cognex Corp0.68%
Fair Isaac Corp0.64%
Camden Property Trust0.62%
XPO Logistics Inc0.6%
Masimo Corp0.59%
SolarEdge Technologies Inc0.57%
FactSet Research Systems Inc0.57%
Graco Inc0.56%

IJH’s Top Holdings are Bio-Techne Corp, Molina Healthcare Inc, Cognex Corp, Fair Isaac Corp, and Camden Property Trust at 0.8%, 0.68%, 0.68%, 0.64%, and 0.62%.

XPO Logistics Inc (0.6%), Masimo Corp (0.59%), and SolarEdge Technologies Inc (0.57%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. FactSet Research Systems Inc and Graco Inc are also represented in the IJH’s holdings at 0.57% and 0.56%.

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Risk Analysis

VUGIJH
Mean Return1.441.13
R-squared92.4886.39
Std. Deviation14.7616.8
Alpha1.81-4.01
Beta1.041.15
Sharpe Ratio1.130.77
Treynor Ratio16.1310.55

The Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VUG) has a Alpha of 1.81 with a Treynor Ratio of 16.13 and a R-squared of 92.48. Its Sharpe Ratio is 1.13 while VUG’s Standard Deviation is 14.76. Furthermore, the fund has a Beta of 1.04 and a Mean Return of 1.44.

The iShares Core S&P Mid-Cap ETF (IJH) has a Beta of 1.15 with a Standard Deviation of 16.8 and a Mean Return of 1.13. Its Treynor Ratio is 10.55 while IJH’s R-squared is 86.39. Furthermore, the fund has a Sharpe Ratio of 0.77 and a Alpha of -4.01.

VUG’s Mean Return is 0.31 points higher than that of IJH and its R-squared is 6.09 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 14.76, VUG is slightly less volatile than IJH. The Alpha and Beta of VUG are 5.82 points higher and 0.11 points lower than IJH’s Alpha and Beta.

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Performance

Annual Returns

VUG vs. IJH - Annual Returns

YearVUGIJH
202040.16%13.61%
201937.26%26.14%
2018-3.32%-11.14%
201727.8%16.19%
20166.13%20.63%
20153.32%-2.23%
201413.62%9.64%
201332.38%33.4%
201217.03%17.76%
20111.87%-1.89%
201017.11%26.38%

VUG had its best year in 2020 with an annual return of 40.16%. VUG’s worst year over the past decade yielded -3.32% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2014, 2012, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 13.62%, 17.03%, and 17.11% respectively.

The year 2013 was the strongest year for IJH, returning 33.4% on an annual basis. The poorest year for IJH in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -11.14%. Most years the iShares Core S&P Mid-Cap ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2020, 2017, and 2012, when gains were 13.61%, 16.19%, and 17.76% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

VUG vs. IJH - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
VUG$10,000$54,73517.58%
IJH$10,000$37,26613.50%

A $10,000 investment in VUG would have resulted in a final balance of $54,735. This is a profit of $44,735 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17.58%.

With a $10,000 investment in IJH, the end total would have been $37,266. This equates to a $27,266 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.50%.

VUG’s CAGR is 4.08 percentage points higher than that of IJH and as a result, would have yielded $17,469 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VUG outperformed IJH by 4.08% annually.


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