The Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VUG) and the ARK Innovation ETF (ARKK) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VUG is a Vanguard Large Growth fund and ARKK is a ARK ETF Trust Mid-Cap Growth fund. So, what’s the difference between VUG and ARKK? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VUG is 0.71 percentage points lower than ARKK’s (0.04% vs. 0.75%). VUG also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, VUG has provided lower returns than ARKK over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VUG vs. ARKK. We’ll look at holdings and industry exposure, as well as at their fund composition and risk metrics. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VUG’s and ARKK’s performance, portfolio growth, and annual returns and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares||ARK Innovation ETF|
|Category||Large Growth||Mid-Cap Growth|
|Issuer||Vanguard||ARK ETF Trust|
The Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VUG) is a Large Growth fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 165.53B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 17.58% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.57% with an expense ratio of 0.04%.
The ARK Innovation ETF (ARKK) is a Mid-Cap Growth fund that is issued by ARK ETF Trust. It currently has 25.52B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 55.45% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.0% with an expense ratio of 0.75%.
VUG’s dividend yield is 0.57% higher than that of ARKK (0.57% vs. 0.0%). Also, VUG yielded on average 37.87% less per year over the past decade (17.58% vs. 55.45%). The expense ratio of VUG is 0.71 percentage points lower than ARKK’s (0.04% vs. 0.75%).
The Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VUG) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 39.05%. This is followed by Consumer Cyclical and Communication Services at 17.78% and 16.49% respectively. Energy (0.32%), Basic Materials (1.52%), and Consumer Defensive (2.41%) only make up 4.25% of the fund’s total assets.
VUG’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Real Estate, Industrials, Financial Services, Healthcare, and Communication Services stocks at 2.46%, 5.13%, 6.75%, 8.09%, and 16.49%.
The ARK Innovation ETF (ARKK) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 30.5%. This is followed by Healthcare and Communication Services at 29.47% and 25.01% respectively. Utilities (0.0%), Energy (0.0%), and Financial Services (0.04%) only make up 0.04% of the fund’s total assets.
ARKK’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Real Estate, Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Consumer Cyclical, and Communication Services stocks at 0.51%, 0.93%, 2.11%, 11.42%, and 25.01%.
VUG is 8.55% more exposed to the Technology sector than ARKK (39.05% vs 30.5%). VUG’s exposure to Consumer Cyclical and Communication Services stocks is 6.36% higher and 8.52% lower respectively (17.78% vs. 11.42% and 16.49% vs. 25.01%). In total, Energy, Basic Materials, and Consumer Defensive also make up 3.32% more of the fund’s holdings compared to ARKK (4.25% vs. 0.93%).
|Facebook Inc Class A||3.89%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||3.43%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||3.22%|
|Visa Inc Class A||1.78%|
|PayPal Holdings Inc||1.6%|
VUG’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 10.13%, 9.52%, 6.88%, 3.89%, and 3.43%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (3.22%), Tesla Inc (2.44%), and NVIDIA Corp (2.21%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Visa Inc Class A and PayPal Holdings Inc are also represented in the VUG’s holdings at 1.78% and 1.6%.
|Roku Inc Class A||6.48%|
|Teladoc Health Inc||5.76%|
|Square Inc A||4.37%|
|Zoom Video Communications Inc||4.36%|
|Shopify Inc A||4.27%|
|Spotify Technology SA||3.68%|
|Twilio Inc A||3.66%|
|Coinbase Global Inc Ordinary Shares – Class A||3.65%|
|Unity Software Inc Ordinary Shares||3.41%|
ARKK’s Top Holdings are Tesla Inc, Roku Inc Class A, Teladoc Health Inc, Square Inc A, and Zoom Video Communications Inc at 9.56%, 6.48%, 5.76%, 4.37%, and 4.36%.
Shopify Inc A (4.27%), Spotify Technology SA (3.68%), and Twilio Inc A (3.66%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Coinbase Global Inc Ordinary Shares – Class A and Unity Software Inc Ordinary Shares are also represented in the ARKK’s holdings at 3.65% and 3.41%.
The Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VUG) has a Beta of 1.04 with a Sharpe Ratio of 1.13 and a Mean Return of 1.44. Its Treynor Ratio is 16.13 while VUG’s Standard Deviation is 14.76. Furthermore, the fund has a R-squared of 92.48 and a Alpha of 1.81.
The ARK Innovation ETF (ARKK) has a Alpha of 0 with a Sharpe Ratio of 0 and a Beta of 0. Its Treynor Ratio is 0 while ARKK’s R-squared is 0. Furthermore, the fund has a Standard Deviation of 0 and a Mean Return of 0.
VUG’s Mean Return is 1.44 points higher than that of ARKK and its R-squared is 92.48 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 14.76, VUG is slightly more volatile than ARKK. The Alpha and Beta of VUG are 1.81 points higher and 1.04 points higher than ARKK’s Alpha and Beta.
VUG had its best year in 2020 with an annual return of 40.16%. VUG’s worst year over the past decade yielded -3.32% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Growth Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2014, 2012, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 13.62%, 17.03%, and 17.11% respectively.
The year 2020 was the strongest year for ARKK, returning 152.52% on an annual basis. The poorest year for ARKK in the last ten years was 2016, with a yield of -1.96%. Most years the ARK Innovation ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2011, 2010, and 2018, when gains were 0.0%, 0.0%, and 3.58% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VUG would have resulted in a final balance of $25,227. This is a profit of $15,227 over 5 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17.58%.
With a $10,000 investment in ARKK, the end total would have been $65,218. This equates to a $55,218 profit over 5 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 55.45%.
VUG’s CAGR is 37.87 percentage points lower than that of ARKK and as a result, would have yielded $39,991 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VUG performed worse than ARKK by 37.87% annually.
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