Skip to content

VTV vs. IWM: What’s The Difference?

The Vanguard Value Index Fund ETF Shares (VTV) and the iShares Russell 2000 ETF (IWM) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VTV is a Vanguard Large Value fund and IWM is a iShares Small Blend fund. So, what’s the difference between VTV and IWM? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of VTV is 0.15 percentage points lower than IWM’s (0.04% vs. 0.19%). VTV also has a higher exposure to the financial services sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VTV has provided lower returns than IWM over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare VTV vs. IWM. We’ll look at risk metrics and holdings, as well as at their performance and industry exposure. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VTV’s and IWM’s annual returns, portfolio growth, and fund composition and examine how these affect their overall returns.

TIP: Keep track of all your investments with Personal Capital. I use this amazing tool to aggregate all investments in one place and make sure I'm on track to financial freedom. Oh, and did I mention it's free? Try it out here (link to Personal Capital).

Summary

VTVIWM
NameVanguard Value Index Fund ETF SharesiShares Russell 2000 ETF
CategoryLarge ValueSmall Blend
IssuerVanguardiShares
AUM125.77B66.48B
Avg. Return12.07%13.52%
Div. Yield2.15%0.86%
Expense Ratio0.04%0.19%

The Vanguard Value Index Fund ETF Shares (VTV) is a Large Value fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 125.77B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 12.07% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.15% with an expense ratio of 0.04%.

The iShares Russell 2000 ETF (IWM) is a Small Blend fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 66.48B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 13.52% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.86% with an expense ratio of 0.19%.

VTV’s dividend yield is 1.29% higher than that of IWM (2.15% vs. 0.86%). Also, VTV yielded on average 1.45% less per year over the past decade (12.07% vs. 13.52%). The expense ratio of VTV is 0.15 percentage points lower than IWM’s (0.04% vs. 0.19%).

FYI: The best way I've found to invest in ETFs is through M1 Finance. It's free and you even get an instant line of credit! Have a look here (link to M1 Finance).

Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

VTV vs. IWM - Industry Exposure

VTVIWM
Technology7.86%14.21%
Industrials12.61%14.78%
Energy5.59%3.74%
Communication Services5.49%3.79%
Utilities5.37%2.44%
Healthcare19.84%20.3%
Consumer Defensive10.72%3.65%
Real Estate3.01%8.59%
Financial Services22.81%13.76%
Consumer Cyclical3.79%10.99%
Basic Materials2.91%3.74%

The Vanguard Value Index Fund ETF Shares (VTV) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 22.81%. This is followed by Healthcare and Industrials at 19.84% and 12.61% respectively. Real Estate (3.01%), Consumer Cyclical (3.79%), and Utilities (5.37%) only make up 12.17% of the fund’s total assets.

VTV’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Communication Services, Energy, Technology, Consumer Defensive, and Industrials stocks at 5.49%, 5.59%, 7.86%, 10.72%, and 12.61%.

The iShares Russell 2000 ETF (IWM) has the most exposure to the Healthcare sector at 20.3%. This is followed by Industrials and Technology at 14.78% and 14.21% respectively. Consumer Defensive (3.65%), Basic Materials (3.74%), and Energy (3.74%) only make up 11.13% of the fund’s total assets.

IWM’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Communication Services, Real Estate, Consumer Cyclical, Financial Services, and Technology stocks at 3.79%, 8.59%, 10.99%, 13.76%, and 14.21%.

VTV is 9.05% more exposed to the Financial Services sector than IWM (22.81% vs 13.76%). VTV’s exposure to Healthcare and Industrials stocks is 0.46% lower and 2.17% lower respectively (19.84% vs. 20.3% and 12.61% vs. 14.78%). In total, Real Estate, Consumer Cyclical, and Utilities also make up 9.85% less of the fund’s holdings compared to IWM (12.17% vs. 22.02%).

Holdings

VTV - Holdings

VTV HoldingsWeight
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B2.98%
JPMorgan Chase & Co2.82%
Johnson & Johnson2.6%
UnitedHealth Group Inc2.27%
Procter & Gamble Co1.98%
Bank of America Corp1.91%
Exxon Mobil Corp1.6%
Comcast Corp Class A1.57%
Intel Corp1.36%
Verizon Communications Inc1.32%

VTV’s Top Holdings are Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B, JPMorgan Chase & Co, Johnson & Johnson, UnitedHealth Group Inc, and Procter & Gamble Co at 2.98%, 2.82%, 2.6%, 2.27%, and 1.98%.

Bank of America Corp (1.91%), Exxon Mobil Corp (1.6%), and Comcast Corp Class A (1.57%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Intel Corp and Verizon Communications Inc are also represented in the VTV’s holdings at 1.36% and 1.32%.

IWM - Holdings

IWM HoldingsWeight
AMC Entertainment Holdings Inc Class A0.52%
Intellia Therapeutics Inc0.33%
Crocs Inc0.3%
BlackRock Cash Funds Treasury SL Agency0.29%
Tenet Healthcare Corp0.26%
Lattice Semiconductor Corp0.26%
Tetra Tech Inc0.25%
II-VI Inc0.25%
EastGroup Properties Inc0.24%
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc0.24%

IWM’s Top Holdings are AMC Entertainment Holdings Inc Class A, Intellia Therapeutics Inc, Crocs Inc, BlackRock Cash Funds Treasury SL Agency, and Tenet Healthcare Corp at 0.52%, 0.33%, 0.3%, 0.29%, and 0.26%.

Lattice Semiconductor Corp (0.26%), Tetra Tech Inc (0.25%), and II-VI Inc (0.25%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. EastGroup Properties Inc and Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc are also represented in the IWM’s holdings at 0.24% and 0.24%.

NOTE: The easiest way to add diversification to your portfolio is to invest in real estate through Fundrise. You can become private real estate investor without the burden of property management! Check it out here (link to Fundrise).

Risk Analysis

VTVIWM
Mean Return1.051.12
R-squared92.6177.73
Std. Deviation13.7818.87
Alpha-1.92-5.12
Beta0.981.23
Sharpe Ratio0.870.68
Treynor Ratio11.949.56

The Vanguard Value Index Fund ETF Shares (VTV) has a Sharpe Ratio of 0.87 with a Standard Deviation of 13.78 and a Beta of 0.98. Its R-squared is 92.61 while VTV’s Mean Return is 1.05. Furthermore, the fund has a Alpha of -1.92 and a Treynor Ratio of 11.94.

The iShares Russell 2000 ETF (IWM) has a Treynor Ratio of 9.56 with a Standard Deviation of 18.87 and a R-squared of 77.73. Its Sharpe Ratio is 0.68 while IWM’s Mean Return is 1.12. Furthermore, the fund has a Beta of 1.23 and a Alpha of -5.12.

VTV’s Mean Return is 0.07 points lower than that of IWM and its R-squared is 14.88 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 13.78, VTV is slightly less volatile than IWM. The Alpha and Beta of VTV are 3.20 points higher and 0.25 points lower than IWM’s Alpha and Beta.

FYI: Another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector is by investing in real estate debt. Groundfloor offers fantastic short-term, high-yield bonds that can add diversification to your portfolio!

Performance

Annual Returns

VTV vs. IWM - Annual Returns

YearVTVIWM
20202.23%19.89%
201925.85%25.42%
2018-5.39%-11.02%
201717.12%14.66%
201616.88%21.36%
2015-0.89%-4.33%
201413.19%4.94%
201333.03%38.85%
201215.19%16.39%
20111.16%-4.19%
201014.45%26.76%

VTV had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 33.03%. VTV’s worst year over the past decade yielded -5.39% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Value Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2014, 2010, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 13.19%, 14.45%, and 15.19% respectively.

The year 2013 was the strongest year for IWM, returning 38.85% on an annual basis. The poorest year for IWM in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -11.02%. Most years the iShares Russell 2000 ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2017, 2012, and 2020, when gains were 14.66%, 16.39%, and 19.89% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

VTV vs. IWM - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
VTV$10,000$33,16312.07%
IWM$10,000$36,68613.52%

A $10,000 investment in VTV would have resulted in a final balance of $33,163. This is a profit of $23,163 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.07%.

With a $10,000 investment in IWM, the end total would have been $36,686. This equates to a $26,686 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.52%.

VTV’s CAGR is 1.45 percentage points lower than that of IWM and as a result, would have yielded $3,523 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VTV performed worse than IWM by 1.45% annually.


Current recommendations:

Over the past years, I have discovered several tools and products that have helped me tremendously on my path to financial freedom:

P.S.: The links below are affiliate links, which means I receive a small commission at no extra cost to you when you sign up for one of the services. Thank you for your support!

1)Personal Capital is simply the best tool out there to track your net worth and plan for financial freedom. Just their retirement planner alone has become an invaluable tool to keep myself on track financially. Try it out, it's free!

2) Take a look at M1 Finance, my favorite broker. I love how easy it is to invest and maintain my portfolio with them. I can set up automatic transfers, rebalance my portfolio with one click and even borrow up to 35% of my assets at super low interest rates!

3) Fundrise is by far the best way I've found to invest in Real Estate. You can diversify your portfolio by investing in their eREITs or even allocate capital to individual properties (without the hassle of managing tenants!).

4) Groundfloor is another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector by investing in short-term, high-yield real estate debt. Current returns are >10% and you can get started with just $10.

5) If you are interested in startup investing, check out Mainvest. I've started allocating a small amount of assets to invest in and support small businesses. Return targets are between 10-25% and you can start with just $100!

To see all of my most up-to-date recommendations, check out the Recommended Tools section.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.