The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) and the Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VTI is a Vanguard Large Blend fund and VYM is a Vanguard Large Value fund. So, what’s the difference between VTI and VYM? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VTI is 0.03 percentage points lower than VYM’s (0.03% vs. 0.06%). VTI also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, VTI has provided higher returns than VYM over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VTI vs. VYM. We’ll look at risk metrics and annual returns, as well as at their fund composition and performance. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VTI’s and VYM’s portfolio growth, holdings, and industry exposure and examine how these affect their overall returns.
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|Name||Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares||Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares|
|Category||Large Blend||Large Value|
The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 1.26T total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.70% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.26% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.
The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) is a Large Value fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 48.5B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 12.20% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.79% with an expense ratio of 0.06%.
VTI’s dividend yield is 1.53% lower than that of VYM (1.26% vs. 2.79%). Also, VTI yielded on average 2.50% more per year over the past decade (14.70% vs. 12.20%). The expense ratio of VTI is 0.03 percentage points lower than VYM’s (0.03% vs. 0.06%).
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The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 24.1%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 13.77% and 13.64% respectively. Basic Materials (2.44%), Energy (2.77%), and Real Estate (3.59%) only make up 8.80% of the fund’s total assets.
VTI’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 5.77%, 9.39%, 10.4%, 11.83%, and 13.64%.
The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 22.05%. This is followed by Consumer Defensive and Healthcare at 14.13% and 13.61% respectively. Basic Materials (4.41%), Consumer Cyclical (5.57%), and Communication Services (5.91%) only make up 15.89% of the fund’s total assets.
VYM’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Energy, Utilities, Technology, Industrials, and Healthcare stocks at 7.12%, 7.27%, 9.77%, 10.14%, and 13.61%.
VTI is 14.33% more exposed to the Technology sector than VYM (24.1% vs 9.77%). VTI’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 8.28% lower and 0.03% higher respectively (13.77% vs. 22.05% and 13.64% vs. 13.61%). In total, Basic Materials, Energy, and Real Estate also make up 2.75% less of the fund’s holdings compared to VYM (8.80% vs. 11.55%).
|Facebook Inc Class A||1.88%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||1.66%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||1.56%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||1.09%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||1.06%|
VTI’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 4.9%, 4.6%, 3.33%, 1.88%, and 1.66%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (1.56%), Tesla Inc (1.18%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.09%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the VTI’s holdings at 1.07% and 1.06%.
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||3.53%|
|Johnson & Johnson||3.28%|
|The Home Depot Inc||2.59%|
|Procter & Gamble Co||2.48%|
|Bank of America Corp||2.35%|
|Exxon Mobil Corp||2.02%|
|Comcast Corp Class A||1.96%|
|Verizon Communications Inc||1.75%|
|Cisco Systems Inc||1.69%|
VYM’s Top Holdings are JPMorgan Chase & Co, Johnson & Johnson, The Home Depot Inc, Procter & Gamble Co, and Bank of America Corp at 3.53%, 3.28%, 2.59%, 2.48%, and 2.35%.
Exxon Mobil Corp (2.02%), Comcast Corp Class A (1.96%), and Verizon Communications Inc (1.75%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Intel Corp and Cisco Systems Inc are also represented in the VYM’s holdings at 1.71% and 1.69%.
The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) has a Beta of 1.04 with a Standard Deviation of 14.15 and a Treynor Ratio of 13.58. Its Alpha is -0.57 while VTI’s Mean Return is 1.23. Furthermore, the fund has a Sharpe Ratio of 1 and a R-squared of 99.24.
The Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares (VYM) has a Sharpe Ratio of 0.93 with a Alpha of -0.7 and a Standard Deviation of 12.69. Its Beta is 0.88 while VYM’s Treynor Ratio is 13.24. Furthermore, the fund has a R-squared of 88.88 and a Mean Return of 1.04.
VTI’s Mean Return is 0.19 points higher than that of VYM and its R-squared is 10.36 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 14.15, VTI is slightly more volatile than VYM. The Alpha and Beta of VTI are 0.13 points higher and 0.16 points higher than VYM’s Alpha and Beta.
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VTI had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 33.51%. VTI’s worst year over the past decade yielded -5.13% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2012, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 12.68%, 16.41%, and 17.26% respectively.
The year 2013 was the strongest year for VYM, returning 30.26% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VYM in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -5.87%. Most years the Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2012, 2014, and 2010, when gains were 12.68%, 13.47%, and 14.17% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VTI would have resulted in a final balance of $42,648. This is a profit of $32,648 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.70%.
With a $10,000 investment in VYM, the end total would have been $33,914. This equates to a $23,914 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.20%.
VTI’s CAGR is 2.50 percentage points higher than that of VYM and as a result, would have yielded $8,734 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VTI outperformed VYM by 2.50% annually.
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