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VTI vs. VXF: What’s The Difference?

The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) and the Vanguard Extended Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VXF) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VTI is a Vanguard Large Blend fund and VXF is a Vanguard Mid-Cap Growth fund. So, what’s the difference between VTI and VXF? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of VTI is 0.03 percentage points lower than VXF’s (0.03% vs. 0.06%). VTI also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VTI has provided lower returns than VXF over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare VTI vs. VXF. We’ll look at annual returns and performance, as well as at their holdings and fund composition. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VTI’s and VXF’s portfolio growth, industry exposure, and risk metrics and examine how these affect their overall returns.

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Summary

VTIVXF
NameVanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF SharesVanguard Extended Market Index Fund ETF Shares
CategoryLarge BlendMid-Cap Growth
IssuerVanguardVanguard
AUM1.26T114.53B
Avg. Return14.70%15.47%
Div. Yield1.26%1.19%
Expense Ratio0.03%0.06%

The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 1.26T total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.70% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.26% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.

The Vanguard Extended Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VXF) is a Mid-Cap Growth fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 114.53B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 15.47% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.19% with an expense ratio of 0.06%.

VTI’s dividend yield is 0.07% higher than that of VXF (1.26% vs. 1.19%). Also, VTI yielded on average 0.78% less per year over the past decade (14.70% vs. 15.47%). The expense ratio of VTI is 0.03 percentage points lower than VXF’s (0.03% vs. 0.06%).

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Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

VTI vs. VXF - Industry Exposure

VTIVXF
Technology24.1%23.61%
Industrials9.39%11.31%
Energy2.77%2.46%
Communication Services10.4%7.29%
Utilities2.29%1.65%
Healthcare13.64%15.25%
Consumer Defensive5.77%3.09%
Real Estate3.59%8.16%
Financial Services13.77%12.56%
Consumer Cyclical11.83%11.35%
Basic Materials2.44%3.26%

The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 24.1%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 13.77% and 13.64% respectively. Basic Materials (2.44%), Energy (2.77%), and Real Estate (3.59%) only make up 8.80% of the fund’s total assets.

VTI’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 5.77%, 9.39%, 10.4%, 11.83%, and 13.64%.

The Vanguard Extended Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VXF) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 23.61%. This is followed by Healthcare and Financial Services at 15.25% and 12.56% respectively. Energy (2.46%), Consumer Defensive (3.09%), and Basic Materials (3.26%) only make up 8.81% of the fund’s total assets.

VXF’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Communication Services, Real Estate, Industrials, Consumer Cyclical, and Financial Services stocks at 7.29%, 8.16%, 11.31%, 11.35%, and 12.56%.

VTI is 0.49% more exposed to the Technology sector than VXF (24.1% vs 23.61%). VTI’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 1.21% higher and 1.61% lower respectively (13.77% vs. 12.56% and 13.64% vs. 15.25%). In total, Basic Materials, Energy, and Real Estate also make up 5.08% less of the fund’s holdings compared to VXF (8.80% vs. 13.88%).

Holdings

VTI - Holdings

VTI HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc4.9%
Microsoft Corp4.6%
Amazon.com Inc3.33%
Facebook Inc Class A1.88%
Alphabet Inc Class A1.66%
Alphabet Inc Class C1.56%
Tesla Inc1.18%
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B1.09%
NVIDIA Corp1.07%
JPMorgan Chase & Co1.06%

VTI’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 4.9%, 4.6%, 3.33%, 1.88%, and 1.66%.

Alphabet Inc Class C (1.56%), Tesla Inc (1.18%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.09%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the VTI’s holdings at 1.07% and 1.06%.

VXF - Holdings

VXF HoldingsWeight
Square Inc A1.2%
Zoom Video Communications Inc1.04%
Uber Technologies Inc0.93%
Moderna Inc0.9%
Blackstone Group Inc0.83%
Snap Inc Class A0.8%
Twilio Inc A0.73%
DocuSign Inc0.68%
CrowdStrike Holdings Inc Class A0.63%
Marvell Technology Inc0.6%

VXF’s Top Holdings are Square Inc A, Zoom Video Communications Inc, Uber Technologies Inc, Moderna Inc, and Blackstone Group Inc at 1.2%, 1.04%, 0.93%, 0.9%, and 0.83%.

Snap Inc Class A (0.8%), Twilio Inc A (0.73%), and DocuSign Inc (0.68%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. CrowdStrike Holdings Inc Class A and Marvell Technology Inc are also represented in the VXF’s holdings at 0.63% and 0.6%.

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Performance

Annual Returns

VTI vs. VXF - Annual Returns

YearVTIVXF
202020.95%32.19%
201930.8%28.04%
2018-5.13%-9.37%
201721.16%18.1%
201612.68%16.16%
20150.4%-3.26%
201412.56%7.55%
201333.51%38.37%
201216.41%18.48%
20111.06%-3.61%
201017.26%27.55%

VTI had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 33.51%. VTI’s worst year over the past decade yielded -5.13% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2012, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 12.68%, 16.41%, and 17.26% respectively.

The year 2013 was the strongest year for VXF, returning 38.37% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VXF in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.37%. Most years the Vanguard Extended Market Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2016, 2017, and 2012, when gains were 16.16%, 18.1%, and 18.48% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

VTI vs. VXF - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
VTI$10,000$42,64814.70%
VXF$10,000$44,13015.47%

A $10,000 investment in VTI would have resulted in a final balance of $42,648. This is a profit of $32,648 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.70%.

With a $10,000 investment in VXF, the end total would have been $44,130. This equates to a $34,130 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 15.47%.

VTI’s CAGR is 0.78 percentage points lower than that of VXF and as a result, would have yielded $1,482 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VTI performed worse than VXF by 0.78% annually.


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