The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) and the Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares (VHT) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VTI is a Vanguard Large Blend fund and VHT is a Vanguard Health fund. So, what’s the difference between VTI and VHT? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VTI is 0.07 percentage points lower than VHT’s (0.03% vs. 0.1%). VTI also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, VTI has provided lower returns than VHT over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VTI vs. VHT. We’ll look at performance and risk metrics, as well as at their annual returns and industry exposure. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VTI’s and VHT’s fund composition, portfolio growth, and holdings and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares||Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares|
The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 1.26T total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.70% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.26% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.
The Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares (VHT) is a Health fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 17.94B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 16.04% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.15% with an expense ratio of 0.1%.
VTI’s dividend yield is 0.11% higher than that of VHT (1.26% vs. 1.15%). Also, VTI yielded on average 1.34% less per year over the past decade (14.70% vs. 16.04%). The expense ratio of VTI is 0.07 percentage points lower than VHT’s (0.03% vs. 0.1%).
The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 24.1%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 13.77% and 13.64% respectively. Basic Materials (2.44%), Energy (2.77%), and Real Estate (3.59%) only make up 8.80% of the fund’s total assets.
VTI’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 5.77%, 9.39%, 10.4%, 11.83%, and 13.64%.
The Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares (VHT) has the most exposure to the Healthcare sector at 99.57%. This is followed by Basic Materials and Technology at 0.31% and 0.05% respectively. Real Estate (0.0%), Consumer Defensive (0.0%), and Utilities (0.0%) only make up 0.00% of the fund’s total assets.
VHT’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Communication Services, Energy, Financial Services, Industrials, and Technology stocks at 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.02%, 0.05%, and 0.05%.
VTI is 24.05% more exposed to the Technology sector than VHT (24.1% vs 0.05%). VTI’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 13.75% higher and 85.93% lower respectively (13.77% vs. 0.02% and 13.64% vs. 99.57%). In total, Basic Materials, Energy, and Real Estate also make up 8.49% more of the fund’s holdings compared to VHT (8.80% vs. 0.31%).
|Facebook Inc Class A||1.88%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||1.66%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||1.56%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||1.09%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||1.06%|
VTI’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 4.9%, 4.6%, 3.33%, 1.88%, and 1.66%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (1.56%), Tesla Inc (1.18%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.09%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the VTI’s holdings at 1.07% and 1.06%.
|Johnson & Johnson||7.34%|
|UnitedHealth Group Inc||6.44%|
|Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc||3.37%|
|Merck & Co Inc||3.33%|
|Eli Lilly and Co||3.17%|
VHT’s Top Holdings are Johnson & Johnson, UnitedHealth Group Inc, Pfizer Inc, Abbott Laboratories, and Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc at 7.34%, 6.44%, 3.7%, 3.48%, and 3.37%.
AbbVie Inc (3.37%), Merck & Co Inc (3.33%), and Eli Lilly and Co (3.17%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Danaher Corp and Medtronic PLC are also represented in the VHT’s holdings at 2.91% and 2.83%.
VTI had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 33.51%. VTI’s worst year over the past decade yielded -5.13% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2012, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 12.68%, 16.41%, and 17.26% respectively.
The year 2013 was the strongest year for VHT, returning 42.67% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VHT in the last ten years was 2016, with a yield of -3.33%. Most years the Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2011, 2020, and 2012, when gains were 10.57%, 18.21%, and 19.1% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VTI would have resulted in a final balance of $42,648. This is a profit of $32,648 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.70%.
With a $10,000 investment in VHT, the end total would have been $48,464. This equates to a $38,464 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16.04%.
VTI’s CAGR is 1.34 percentage points lower than that of VHT and as a result, would have yielded $5,816 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VTI performed worse than VHT by 1.34% annually.
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