The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) and the Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VTI is a Vanguard Large Blend fund and VEA is a Vanguard Foreign Large Blend fund. So, what’s the difference between VTI and VEA? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VTI is 0.02 percentage points lower than VEA’s (0.03% vs. 0.05%). VTI also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VTI has provided higher returns than VEA over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VTI vs. VEA. We’ll look at performance and portfolio growth, as well as at their annual returns and industry exposure. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VTI’s and VEA’s fund composition, risk metrics, and holdings and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares||Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares|
|Category||Large Blend||Foreign Large Blend|
The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 1.26T total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.70% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.26% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.
The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) is a Foreign Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 157.48B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 7.05% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.49% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.
VTI’s dividend yield is 1.23% lower than that of VEA (1.26% vs. 2.49%). Also, VTI yielded on average 7.65% more per year over the past decade (14.70% vs. 7.05%). The expense ratio of VTI is 0.02 percentage points lower than VEA’s (0.03% vs. 0.05%).
The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 24.1%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 13.77% and 13.64% respectively. Basic Materials (2.44%), Energy (2.77%), and Real Estate (3.59%) only make up 8.80% of the fund’s total assets.
VTI’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 5.77%, 9.39%, 10.4%, 11.83%, and 13.64%.
The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 17.39%. This is followed by Industrials and Technology at 15.47% and 11.67% respectively. Real Estate (4.04%), Energy (4.17%), and Communication Services (5.41%) only make up 13.62% of the fund’s total assets.
VEA’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Consumer Defensive, Healthcare, Consumer Cyclical, and Technology stocks at 8.24%, 8.61%, 10.6%, 11.31%, and 11.67%.
VTI is 12.43% more exposed to the Technology sector than VEA (24.1% vs 11.67%). VTI’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 3.62% lower and 3.04% higher respectively (13.77% vs. 17.39% and 13.64% vs. 10.6%). In total, Basic Materials, Energy, and Real Estate also make up 7.65% less of the fund’s holdings compared to VEA (8.80% vs. 16.45%).
|Facebook Inc Class A||1.88%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||1.66%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||1.56%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||1.09%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||1.06%|
VTI’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 4.9%, 4.6%, 3.33%, 1.88%, and 1.66%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (1.56%), Tesla Inc (1.18%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.09%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the VTI’s holdings at 1.07% and 1.06%.
|Samsung Electronics Co Ltd||1.4%|
|ASML Holding NV||1.16%|
|Roche Holding AG||1.1%|
|Toyota Motor Corp||0.92%|
|LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE||0.84%|
|Shopify Inc A||0.7%|
VEA’s Top Holdings are Nestle SA, Samsung Electronics Co Ltd, ASML Holding NV, Roche Holding AG, and Toyota Motor Corp at 1.5%, 1.4%, 1.16%, 1.1%, and 0.92%.
LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE (0.84%), Novartis AG (0.82%), and Shopify Inc A (0.7%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. AstraZeneca PLC and SAP SE are also represented in the VEA’s holdings at 0.67% and 0.66%.
VTI had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 33.51%. VTI’s worst year over the past decade yielded -5.13% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2012, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 12.68%, 16.41%, and 17.26% respectively.
The year 2017 was the strongest year for VEA, returning 26.44% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VEA in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -14.47%. Most years the Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2016, 2010, and 2020, when gains were 2.51%, 8.47%, and 10.29% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VTI would have resulted in a final balance of $42,648. This is a profit of $32,648 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.70%.
With a $10,000 investment in VEA, the end total would have been $19,290. This equates to a $9,290 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.05%.
VTI’s CAGR is 7.65 percentage points higher than that of VEA and as a result, would have yielded $23,358 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VTI outperformed VEA by 7.65% annually.
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