The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) and the iShares Russell Mid-Cap Value ETF (IWS) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VTI is a Vanguard Large Blend fund and IWS is a iShares Mid-Cap Value fund. So, what’s the difference between VTI and IWS? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VTI is 0.20 percentage points lower than IWS’s (0.03% vs. 0.23%). VTI also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VTI has provided higher returns than IWS over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VTI vs. IWS. We’ll look at risk metrics and fund composition, as well as at their performance and holdings. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VTI’s and IWS’s portfolio growth, annual returns, and industry exposure and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares||iShares Russell Mid-Cap Value ETF|
|Category||Large Blend||Mid-Cap Value|
The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 1.26T total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.70% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.26% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.
The iShares Russell Mid-Cap Value ETF (IWS) is a Mid-Cap Value fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 14.24B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 12.35% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.34% with an expense ratio of 0.23%.
VTI’s dividend yield is 0.08% lower than that of IWS (1.26% vs. 1.34%). Also, VTI yielded on average 2.35% more per year over the past decade (14.70% vs. 12.35%). The expense ratio of VTI is 0.20 percentage points lower than IWS’s (0.03% vs. 0.23%).
The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 24.1%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 13.77% and 13.64% respectively. Basic Materials (2.44%), Energy (2.77%), and Real Estate (3.59%) only make up 8.80% of the fund’s total assets.
VTI’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 5.77%, 9.39%, 10.4%, 11.83%, and 13.64%.
The iShares Russell Mid-Cap Value ETF (IWS) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 15.75%. This is followed by Industrials and Consumer Cyclical at 14.6% and 12.07% respectively. Energy (4.71%), Consumer Defensive (4.76%), and Basic Materials (5.4%) only make up 14.87% of the fund’s total assets.
IWS’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Utilities, Healthcare, Technology, Real Estate, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 6.97%, 8.56%, 11.39%, 11.71%, and 12.07%.
VTI is 12.71% more exposed to the Technology sector than IWS (24.1% vs 11.39%). VTI’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 1.98% lower and 5.08% higher respectively (13.77% vs. 15.75% and 13.64% vs. 8.56%). In total, Basic Materials, Energy, and Real Estate also make up 13.02% less of the fund’s holdings compared to IWS (8.80% vs. 21.82%).
|Facebook Inc Class A||1.88%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||1.66%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||1.56%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||1.09%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||1.06%|
VTI’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 4.9%, 4.6%, 3.33%, 1.88%, and 1.66%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (1.56%), Tesla Inc (1.18%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.09%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the VTI’s holdings at 1.07% and 1.06%.
|Marvell Technology Inc||0.69%|
|IHS Markit Ltd||0.62%|
|Prudential Financial Inc||0.56%|
|Otis Worldwide Corp Ordinary Shares||0.54%|
|International Flavors & Fragrances Inc||0.53%|
|Xcel Energy Inc||0.52%|
|Motorola Solutions Inc||0.52%|
IWS’s Top Holdings are Twitter Inc, Marvell Technology Inc, IHS Markit Ltd, Prudential Financial Inc, and Otis Worldwide Corp Ordinary Shares at 0.69%, 0.69%, 0.62%, 0.56%, and 0.54%.
International Flavors & Fragrances Inc (0.53%), Xcel Energy Inc (0.52%), and Motorola Solutions Inc (0.52%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Aptiv PLC and Aflac Inc are also represented in the IWS’s holdings at 0.52% and 0.52%.
VTI had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 33.51%. VTI’s worst year over the past decade yielded -5.13% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2012, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 12.68%, 16.41%, and 17.26% respectively.
The year 2013 was the strongest year for IWS, returning 33.11% on an annual basis. The poorest year for IWS in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -12.36%. Most years the iShares Russell Mid-Cap Value ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2017, 2014, and 2012, when gains were 13.1%, 14.49%, and 18.27% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VTI would have resulted in a final balance of $42,648. This is a profit of $32,648 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.70%.
With a $10,000 investment in IWS, the end total would have been $33,083. This equates to a $23,083 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.35%.
VTI’s CAGR is 2.35 percentage points higher than that of IWS and as a result, would have yielded $9,565 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VTI outperformed IWS by 2.35% annually.
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