The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) and the Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VTI is a Vanguard Large Blend fund and DFAC is a Dimensional Fund Advisors Large Blend fund. So, what’s the difference between VTI and DFAC? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VTI is 0.16 percentage points lower than DFAC’s (0.03% vs. 0.19%). VTI also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VTI has provided higher returns than DFAC over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VTI vs. DFAC. We’ll look at performance and industry exposure, as well as at their annual returns and fund composition. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VTI’s and DFAC’s risk metrics, holdings, and portfolio growth and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares||Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF|
|Category||Large Blend||Large Blend|
|Issuer||Vanguard||Dimensional Fund Advisors|
The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 1.26T total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.70% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.26% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.
The Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Dimensional Fund Advisors. It currently has 13.53B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 13.93% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.0% with an expense ratio of 0.19%.
VTI’s dividend yield is 0.26% higher than that of DFAC (1.26% vs. 1.0%). Also, VTI yielded on average 0.76% more per year over the past decade (14.70% vs. 13.93%). The expense ratio of VTI is 0.16 percentage points lower than DFAC’s (0.03% vs. 0.19%).
The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VTI) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 24.1%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 13.77% and 13.64% respectively. Basic Materials (2.44%), Energy (2.77%), and Real Estate (3.59%) only make up 8.80% of the fund’s total assets.
VTI’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 5.77%, 9.39%, 10.4%, 11.83%, and 13.64%.
The Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 22.81%. This is followed by Financial Services and Industrials at 16.17% and 14.13% respectively. Utilities (1.54%), Energy (2.67%), and Basic Materials (3.56%) only make up 7.77% of the fund’s total assets.
DFAC’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Communication Services, Healthcare, Consumer Cyclical, and Industrials stocks at 5.94%, 7.63%, 12.09%, 13.09%, and 14.13%.
VTI is 1.29% more exposed to the Technology sector than DFAC (24.1% vs 22.81%). VTI’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 2.40% lower and 1.55% higher respectively (13.77% vs. 16.17% and 13.64% vs. 12.09%). In total, Basic Materials, Energy, and Real Estate also make up 2.20% more of the fund’s holdings compared to DFAC (8.80% vs. 6.60%).
|Facebook Inc Class A||1.88%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||1.66%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||1.56%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||1.09%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||1.06%|
VTI’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 4.9%, 4.6%, 3.33%, 1.88%, and 1.66%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (1.56%), Tesla Inc (1.18%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.09%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the VTI’s holdings at 1.07% and 1.06%.
|Johnson & Johnson||1.05%|
|Facebook Inc Class A||1.05%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||1.0%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||0.85%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||0.84%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||0.75%|
|Visa Inc Class A||0.74%|
DFAC’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Johnson & Johnson, and Facebook Inc Class A at 4.7%, 3.81%, 2.39%, 1.05%, and 1.05%.
JPMorgan Chase & Co (1.0%), Alphabet Inc Class C (0.85%), and Alphabet Inc Class A (0.84%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B and Visa Inc Class A are also represented in the DFAC’s holdings at 0.75% and 0.74%.
VTI had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 33.51%. VTI’s worst year over the past decade yielded -5.13% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2012, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 12.68%, 16.41%, and 17.26% respectively.
The year 2013 was the strongest year for DFAC, returning 37.55% on an annual basis. The poorest year for DFAC in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.43%. Most years the Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2020, 2016, and 2012, when gains were 15.8%, 16.31%, and 17.93% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VTI would have resulted in a final balance of $42,648. This is a profit of $32,648 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.70%.
With a $10,000 investment in DFAC, the end total would have been $38,796. This equates to a $28,796 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.93%.
VTI’s CAGR is 0.76 percentage points higher than that of DFAC and as a result, would have yielded $3,852 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VTI outperformed DFAC by 0.76% annually.
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