The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) and the Vanguard Extended Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VXF) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VOO is a Vanguard Large Blend fund and VXF is a Vanguard Mid-Cap Growth fund. So, what’s the difference between VOO and VXF? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VOO is 0.03 percentage points lower than VXF’s (0.03% vs. 0.06%). VOO also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VOO has provided lower returns than VXF over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VOO vs. VXF. We’ll look at holdings and portfolio growth, as well as at their risk metrics and performance. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VOO’s and VXF’s industry exposure, annual returns, and fund composition and examine how these affect their overall returns.
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|Name||Vanguard S&P 500 ETF||Vanguard Extended Market Index Fund ETF Shares|
|Category||Large Blend||Mid-Cap Growth|
The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 753.41B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.45% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.34% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.
The Vanguard Extended Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VXF) is a Mid-Cap Growth fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 114.53B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 15.47% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.19% with an expense ratio of 0.06%.
VOO’s dividend yield is 0.15% higher than that of VXF (1.34% vs. 1.19%). Also, VOO yielded on average 1.02% less per year over the past decade (14.45% vs. 15.47%). The expense ratio of VOO is 0.03 percentage points lower than VXF’s (0.03% vs. 0.06%).
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The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 24.24%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 14.2% and 13.1% respectively. Utilities (2.43%), Real Estate (2.58%), and Energy (2.84%) only make up 7.85% of the fund’s total assets.
VOO’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 6.32%, 8.86%, 11.14%, 12.01%, and 13.1%.
The Vanguard Extended Market Index Fund ETF Shares (VXF) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 23.61%. This is followed by Healthcare and Financial Services at 15.25% and 12.56% respectively. Energy (2.46%), Consumer Defensive (3.09%), and Basic Materials (3.26%) only make up 8.81% of the fund’s total assets.
VXF’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Communication Services, Real Estate, Industrials, Consumer Cyclical, and Financial Services stocks at 7.29%, 8.16%, 11.31%, 11.35%, and 12.56%.
VOO is 0.63% more exposed to the Technology sector than VXF (24.24% vs 23.61%). VOO’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 1.64% higher and 2.15% lower respectively (14.2% vs. 12.56% and 13.1% vs. 15.25%). In total, Utilities, Real Estate, and Energy also make up 4.42% less of the fund’s holdings compared to VXF (7.85% vs. 12.27%).
|Facebook Inc Class A||2.29%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||2.02%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||1.97%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||1.44%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||1.3%|
VOO’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 5.92%, 5.62%, 4.06%, 2.29%, and 2.02%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (1.97%), Tesla Inc (1.44%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.44%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the VOO’s holdings at 1.37% and 1.3%.
|Square Inc A||1.2%|
|Zoom Video Communications Inc||1.04%|
|Uber Technologies Inc||0.93%|
|Blackstone Group Inc||0.83%|
|Snap Inc Class A||0.8%|
|Twilio Inc A||0.73%|
|CrowdStrike Holdings Inc Class A||0.63%|
|Marvell Technology Inc||0.6%|
VXF’s Top Holdings are Square Inc A, Zoom Video Communications Inc, Uber Technologies Inc, Moderna Inc, and Blackstone Group Inc at 1.2%, 1.04%, 0.93%, 0.9%, and 0.83%.
Snap Inc Class A (0.8%), Twilio Inc A (0.73%), and DocuSign Inc (0.68%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. CrowdStrike Holdings Inc Class A and Marvell Technology Inc are also represented in the VXF’s holdings at 0.63% and 0.6%.
VOO had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 32.33%. VOO’s worst year over the past decade yielded -4.42% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard S&P 500 ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2014, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 11.93%, 13.63%, and 15.98% respectively.
The year 2013 was the strongest year for VXF, returning 38.37% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VXF in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.37%. Most years the Vanguard Extended Market Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2016, 2017, and 2012, when gains were 16.16%, 18.1%, and 18.48% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VOO would have resulted in a final balance of $36,575. This is a profit of $26,575 over 10 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.45%.
With a $10,000 investment in VXF, the end total would have been $34,598. This equates to a $24,598 profit over 10 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 15.47%.
VOO’s CAGR is 1.02 percentage points lower than that of VXF and as a result, would have yielded $1,977 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VOO performed worse than VXF by 1.02% annually.
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