The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) and the Vanguard Short-Term Inflation-Protected Securities Index Fund ETF Shares (VTIP) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VOO is a Vanguard Large Blend fund and VTIP is a Vanguard Inflation-Protected Bond fund. So, what’s the difference between VOO and VTIP? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VOO is 0.02 percentage points lower than VTIP’s (0.03% vs. 0.05%). VOO also has a high exposure to the technology sector while VTIP is mostly comprised of AAA bonds. Overall, VOO has provided higher returns than VTIP over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VOO vs. VTIP. We’ll look at annual returns and risk metrics, as well as at their performance and holdings. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VOO’s and VTIP’s fund composition, portfolio growth, and industry exposure and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard S&P 500 ETF||Vanguard Short-Term Inflation-Protected Securities Index Fund ETF Shares|
|Category||Large Blend||Inflation-Protected Bond|
The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 753.41B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.45% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.34% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.
The Vanguard Short-Term Inflation-Protected Securities Index Fund ETF Shares (VTIP) is a Inflation-Protected Bond fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 50.67B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 1.79% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.35% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.
VOO’s dividend yield is 0.01% lower than that of VTIP (1.34% vs. 1.35%). Also, VOO yielded on average 12.66% more per year over the past decade (14.45% vs. 1.79%). The expense ratio of VOO is 0.02 percentage points lower than VTIP’s (0.03% vs. 0.05%).
|Facebook Inc Class A||2.29%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||2.02%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||1.97%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||1.44%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||1.3%|
VOO’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 5.92%, 5.62%, 4.06%, 2.29%, and 2.02%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (1.97%), Tesla Inc (1.44%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.44%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the VOO’s holdings at 1.37% and 1.3%.
|VTIP Bond Sectors||Weight|
VTIP’s Top Bond Sectors are ratings of AAA, Others, Below B, B, and BB at 99.87%, 0.13%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0%. The fund is less weighted towards BBB (0.0%), A (0.0%), and AA (0.0%) rated bonds.
VOO had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 32.33%. VOO’s worst year over the past decade yielded -4.42% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard S&P 500 ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2014, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 11.93%, 13.63%, and 15.98% respectively.
The year 2020 was the strongest year for VTIP, returning 4.97% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VTIP in the last ten years was 2013, with a yield of -1.55%. Most years the Vanguard Short-Term Inflation-Protected Securities Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2011, 2010, and 2018, when gains were 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.54% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VOO would have resulted in a final balance of $23,343. This is a profit of $13,343 over 7 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.45%.
With a $10,000 investment in VTIP, the end total would have been $11,305. This equates to a $1,305 profit over 7 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.79%.
VOO’s CAGR is 12.66 percentage points higher than that of VTIP and as a result, would have yielded $12,038 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VOO outperformed VTIP by 12.66% annually.
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