The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) and the iShares 1-3 Year Treasury Bond ETF (SHY) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VOO is a Vanguard Large Blend fund and SHY is a iShares Short Government fund. So, what’s the difference between VOO and SHY? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VOO is 0.12 percentage points lower than SHY’s (0.03% vs. 0.15%). VOO also has a high exposure to the technology sector while SHY is mostly comprised of AAA bonds. Overall, VOO has provided higher returns than SHY over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VOO vs. SHY. We’ll look at portfolio growth and holdings, as well as at their industry exposure and risk metrics. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VOO’s and SHY’s annual returns, fund composition, and performance and examine how these affect their overall returns.
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|Name||Vanguard S&P 500 ETF||iShares 1-3 Year Treasury Bond ETF|
|Category||Large Blend||Short Government|
The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 753.41B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.45% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.34% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.
The iShares 1-3 Year Treasury Bond ETF (SHY) is a Short Government fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 19.51B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 1.27% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.46% with an expense ratio of 0.15%.
VOO’s dividend yield is 0.88% higher than that of SHY (1.34% vs. 0.46%). Also, VOO yielded on average 13.17% more per year over the past decade (14.45% vs. 1.27%). The expense ratio of VOO is 0.12 percentage points lower than SHY’s (0.03% vs. 0.15%).
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|Facebook Inc Class A||2.29%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||2.02%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||1.97%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||1.44%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||1.3%|
VOO’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 5.92%, 5.62%, 4.06%, 2.29%, and 2.02%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (1.97%), Tesla Inc (1.44%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.44%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the VOO’s holdings at 1.37% and 1.3%.
|SHY Bond Sectors||Weight|
SHY’s Top Bond Sectors are ratings of AAA, Others, Below B, B, and BB at 99.67%, 0.33%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0%. The fund is less weighted towards BBB (0.0%), A (0.0%), and AA (0.0%) rated bonds.
VOO had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 32.33%. VOO’s worst year over the past decade yielded -4.42% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard S&P 500 ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2014, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 11.93%, 13.63%, and 15.98% respectively.
The year 2019 was the strongest year for SHY, returning 3.42% on an annual basis. The poorest year for SHY in the last ten years was 2013, with a yield of 0.23%. Most years the iShares 1-3 Year Treasury Bond ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2014, 2016, and 2011, when gains were 0.48%, 0.75%, and 1.43% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VOO would have resulted in a final balance of $36,575. This is a profit of $26,575 over 10 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.45%.
With a $10,000 investment in SHY, the end total would have been $11,235. This equates to a $1,235 profit over 10 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.27%.
VOO’s CAGR is 13.17 percentage points higher than that of SHY and as a result, would have yielded $25,340 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VOO outperformed SHY by 13.17% annually.
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