The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) and the iShares MSCI USA Momentum Factor ETF (MTUM) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VOO is a Vanguard Large Blend fund and MTUM is a iShares Large Growth fund. So, what’s the difference between VOO and MTUM? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VOO is 0.12 percentage points lower than MTUM’s (0.03% vs. 0.15%). VOO also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, VOO has provided lower returns than MTUM over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VOO vs. MTUM. We’ll look at holdings and fund composition, as well as at their risk metrics and portfolio growth. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VOO’s and MTUM’s annual returns, performance, and industry exposure and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard S&P 500 ETF||iShares MSCI USA Momentum Factor ETF|
|Category||Large Blend||Large Growth|
The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 753.41B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.45% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.34% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.
The iShares MSCI USA Momentum Factor ETF (MTUM) is a Large Growth fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 14.53B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 17.37% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.44% with an expense ratio of 0.15%.
VOO’s dividend yield is 0.90% higher than that of MTUM (1.34% vs. 0.44%). Also, VOO yielded on average 2.92% less per year over the past decade (14.45% vs. 17.37%). The expense ratio of VOO is 0.12 percentage points lower than MTUM’s (0.03% vs. 0.15%).
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The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 24.24%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 14.2% and 13.1% respectively. Utilities (2.43%), Real Estate (2.58%), and Energy (2.84%) only make up 7.85% of the fund’s total assets.
VOO’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 6.32%, 8.86%, 11.14%, 12.01%, and 13.1%.
The iShares MSCI USA Momentum Factor ETF (MTUM) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 34.32%. This is followed by Technology and Communication Services at 15.24% and 13.18% respectively. Real Estate (0.43%), Energy (1.77%), and Consumer Defensive (2.88%) only make up 5.08% of the fund’s total assets.
MTUM’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Healthcare, Consumer Cyclical, Industrials, and Communication Services stocks at 3.15%, 6.41%, 9.96%, 12.47%, and 13.18%.
VOO is 9.00% more exposed to the Technology sector than MTUM (24.24% vs 15.24%). VOO’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 20.12% lower and 6.69% higher respectively (14.2% vs. 34.32% and 13.1% vs. 6.41%). In total, Utilities, Real Estate, and Energy also make up 5.46% more of the fund’s holdings compared to MTUM (7.85% vs. 2.39%).
|Facebook Inc Class A||2.29%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||2.02%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||1.97%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||1.44%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||1.3%|
VOO’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 5.92%, 5.62%, 4.06%, 2.29%, and 2.02%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (1.97%), Tesla Inc (1.44%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.44%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the VOO’s holdings at 1.37% and 1.3%.
|The Walt Disney Co||4.39%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||4.35%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||4.34%|
|Bank of America Corp||3.81%|
|PayPal Holdings Inc||3.76%|
|Wells Fargo & Co||3.05%|
|Applied Materials Inc||3.05%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||2.84%|
MTUM’s Top Holdings are Tesla Inc, The Walt Disney Co, JPMorgan Chase & Co, Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B, and Bank of America Corp at 5.63%, 4.39%, 4.35%, 4.34%, and 3.81%.
PayPal Holdings Inc (3.76%), Wells Fargo & Co (3.05%), and Applied Materials Inc (3.05%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Moderna Inc and Alphabet Inc Class C are also represented in the MTUM’s holdings at 2.89% and 2.84%.
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VOO had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 32.33%. VOO’s worst year over the past decade yielded -4.42% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard S&P 500 ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2014, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 11.93%, 13.63%, and 15.98% respectively.
The year 2017 was the strongest year for MTUM, returning 37.6% on an annual basis. The poorest year for MTUM in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -1.77%. Most years the iShares MSCI USA Momentum Factor ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2010, 2016, and 2015, when gains were 0.0%, 4.89%, and 9.12% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VOO would have resulted in a final balance of $23,343. This is a profit of $13,343 over 7 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.45%.
With a $10,000 investment in MTUM, the end total would have been $29,301. This equates to a $19,301 profit over 7 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17.37%.
VOO’s CAGR is 2.92 percentage points lower than that of MTUM and as a result, would have yielded $5,958 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VOO performed worse than MTUM by 2.92% annually.
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