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VOO vs. DFAC: What’s The Difference?

The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) and the Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VOO is a Vanguard Large Blend fund and DFAC is a Dimensional Fund Advisors Large Blend fund. So, what’s the difference between VOO and DFAC? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of VOO is 0.16 percentage points lower than DFAC’s (0.03% vs. 0.19%). VOO also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VOO has provided higher returns than DFAC over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare VOO vs. DFAC. We’ll look at industry exposure and annual returns, as well as at their holdings and fund composition. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VOO’s and DFAC’s portfolio growth, risk metrics, and performance and examine how these affect their overall returns.

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Summary

VOODFAC
NameVanguard S&P 500 ETFDimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF
CategoryLarge BlendLarge Blend
IssuerVanguardDimensional Fund Advisors
AUM753.41B13.53B
Avg. Return14.45%13.93%
Div. Yield1.34%1.0%
Expense Ratio0.03%0.19%

The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 753.41B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.45% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.34% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.

The Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Dimensional Fund Advisors. It currently has 13.53B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 13.93% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.0% with an expense ratio of 0.19%.

VOO’s dividend yield is 0.34% higher than that of DFAC (1.34% vs. 1.0%). Also, VOO yielded on average 0.52% more per year over the past decade (14.45% vs. 13.93%). The expense ratio of VOO is 0.16 percentage points lower than DFAC’s (0.03% vs. 0.19%).

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Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

VOO vs. DFAC - Industry Exposure

VOODFAC
Technology24.24%22.81%
Industrials8.86%14.13%
Energy2.84%2.67%
Communication Services11.14%7.63%
Utilities2.43%1.54%
Healthcare13.1%12.09%
Consumer Defensive6.32%5.94%
Real Estate2.58%0.37%
Financial Services14.2%16.17%
Consumer Cyclical12.01%13.09%
Basic Materials2.27%3.56%

The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 24.24%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 14.2% and 13.1% respectively. Utilities (2.43%), Real Estate (2.58%), and Energy (2.84%) only make up 7.85% of the fund’s total assets.

VOO’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 6.32%, 8.86%, 11.14%, 12.01%, and 13.1%.

The Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF (DFAC) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 22.81%. This is followed by Financial Services and Industrials at 16.17% and 14.13% respectively. Utilities (1.54%), Energy (2.67%), and Basic Materials (3.56%) only make up 7.77% of the fund’s total assets.

DFAC’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Communication Services, Healthcare, Consumer Cyclical, and Industrials stocks at 5.94%, 7.63%, 12.09%, 13.09%, and 14.13%.

VOO is 1.43% more exposed to the Technology sector than DFAC (24.24% vs 22.81%). VOO’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 1.97% lower and 1.01% higher respectively (14.2% vs. 16.17% and 13.1% vs. 12.09%). In total, Utilities, Real Estate, and Energy also make up 3.27% more of the fund’s holdings compared to DFAC (7.85% vs. 4.58%).

Holdings

VOO - Holdings

VOO HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc5.92%
Microsoft Corp5.62%
Amazon.com Inc4.06%
Facebook Inc Class A2.29%
Alphabet Inc Class A2.02%
Alphabet Inc Class C1.97%
Tesla Inc1.44%
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B1.44%
NVIDIA Corp1.37%
JPMorgan Chase & Co1.3%

VOO’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 5.92%, 5.62%, 4.06%, 2.29%, and 2.02%.

Alphabet Inc Class C (1.97%), Tesla Inc (1.44%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.44%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the VOO’s holdings at 1.37% and 1.3%.

DFAC - Holdings

DFAC HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc4.7%
Microsoft Corp3.81%
Amazon.com Inc2.39%
Johnson & Johnson1.05%
Facebook Inc Class A1.05%
JPMorgan Chase & Co1.0%
Alphabet Inc Class C0.85%
Alphabet Inc Class A0.84%
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B0.75%
Visa Inc Class A0.74%

DFAC’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Johnson & Johnson, and Facebook Inc Class A at 4.7%, 3.81%, 2.39%, 1.05%, and 1.05%.

JPMorgan Chase & Co (1.0%), Alphabet Inc Class C (0.85%), and Alphabet Inc Class A (0.84%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B and Visa Inc Class A are also represented in the DFAC’s holdings at 0.75% and 0.74%.

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Performance

Annual Returns

VOO vs. DFAC - Annual Returns

YearVOODFAC
202018.35%15.8%
201931.46%29.54%
2018-4.42%-9.43%
201721.78%18.82%
201611.93%16.31%
20151.35%-2.53%
201413.63%9.56%
201332.33%37.55%
201215.98%17.93%
20112.09%-1.96%
20100.0%21.67%

VOO had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 32.33%. VOO’s worst year over the past decade yielded -4.42% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard S&P 500 ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2014, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 11.93%, 13.63%, and 15.98% respectively.

The year 2013 was the strongest year for DFAC, returning 37.55% on an annual basis. The poorest year for DFAC in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.43%. Most years the Dimensional U.S. Core Equity 2 ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2020, 2016, and 2012, when gains were 15.8%, 16.31%, and 17.93% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

VOO vs. DFAC - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
VOO$10,000$36,57514.45%
DFAC$10,000$31,88713.93%

A $10,000 investment in VOO would have resulted in a final balance of $36,575. This is a profit of $26,575 over 10 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.45%.

With a $10,000 investment in DFAC, the end total would have been $31,887. This equates to a $21,887 profit over 10 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.93%.

VOO’s CAGR is 0.52 percentage points higher than that of DFAC and as a result, would have yielded $4,688 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VOO outperformed DFAC by 0.52% annually.


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