The Vanguard Mid-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VO) and the Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VO is a Vanguard Mid-Cap Blend fund and VT is a Vanguard N/A fund. So, what’s the difference between VO and VT? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VO is 0.04 percentage points lower than VT’s (0.04% vs. 0.08%). VO also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, VO has provided higher returns than VT over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VO vs. VT. We’ll look at holdings and risk metrics, as well as at their portfolio growth and fund composition. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VO’s and VT’s performance, industry exposure, and annual returns and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard Mid-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares||Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares|
The Vanguard Mid-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VO) is a Mid-Cap Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 154.08B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.34% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.23% with an expense ratio of 0.04%.
The Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) is a N/A fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 30.44B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 10.42% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.65% with an expense ratio of 0.08%.
VO’s dividend yield is 0.42% lower than that of VT (1.23% vs. 1.65%). Also, VO yielded on average 3.92% more per year over the past decade (14.34% vs. 10.42%). The expense ratio of VO is 0.04 percentage points lower than VT’s (0.04% vs. 0.08%).
FYI: The best way I've found to invest in ETFs is through M1 Finance. It's free and you even get an instant line of credit! Have a look here (link to M1 Finance).
The Vanguard Mid-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VO) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 22.01%. This is followed by Healthcare and Consumer Cyclical at 13.03% and 12.12% respectively. Basic Materials (3.36%), Energy (3.82%), and Utilities (5.12%) only make up 12.30% of the fund’s total assets.
VO’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Communication Services, Real Estate, Financial Services, Industrials, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 5.61%, 8.67%, 11.08%, 11.92%, and 12.12%.
The Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 19.63%. This is followed by Financial Services and Consumer Cyclical at 15.36% and 12.32% respectively. Energy (3.48%), Real Estate (3.64%), and Basic Materials (4.97%) only make up 12.09% of the fund’s total assets.
VT’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Communication Services, Industrials, Healthcare, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 6.71%, 9.02%, 10.7%, 11.58%, and 12.32%.
VO is 2.38% more exposed to the Technology sector than VT (22.01% vs 19.63%). VO’s exposure to Healthcare and Consumer Cyclical stocks is 1.45% higher and 0.20% lower respectively (13.03% vs. 11.58% and 12.12% vs. 12.32%). In total, Basic Materials, Energy, and Utilities also make up 1.25% more of the fund’s holdings compared to VT (12.30% vs. 11.05%).
|IDEXX Laboratories Inc||0.78%|
|Marvell Technology Inc||0.68%|
|IQVIA Holdings Inc||0.68%|
|Chipotle Mexican Grill Inc||0.63%|
|Veeva Systems Inc Class A||0.62%|
|Digital Realty Trust Inc||0.62%|
|Carrier Global Corp Ordinary Shares||0.61%|
VO’s Top Holdings are IDEXX Laboratories Inc, DocuSign Inc, Marvell Technology Inc, IQVIA Holdings Inc, and Chipotle Mexican Grill Inc at 0.78%, 0.75%, 0.68%, 0.68%, and 0.63%.
Veeva Systems Inc Class A (0.62%), Digital Realty Trust Inc (0.62%), and Centene Corp (0.62%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Aptiv PLC and Carrier Global Corp Ordinary Shares are also represented in the VO’s holdings at 0.62% and 0.61%.
|Facebook Inc Class A||1.1%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||0.97%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||0.95%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||0.62%|
|Tencent Holdings Ltd||0.6%|
VT’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 2.85%, 2.71%, 1.98%, 1.1%, and 0.97%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (0.95%), Tesla Inc (0.7%), and NVIDIA Corp (0.64%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. JPMorgan Chase & Co and Tencent Holdings Ltd are also represented in the VT’s holdings at 0.62% and 0.6%.
NOTE: The easiest way to add diversification to your portfolio is to invest in real estate through Fundrise. You can become private real estate investor without the burden of property management! Check it out here (link to Fundrise).
The Vanguard Mid-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VO) has a Mean Return of 1.14 with a Alpha of -2.71 and a Beta of 1.11. Its Treynor Ratio is 11.32 while VO’s Sharpe Ratio is 0.83. Furthermore, the fund has a Standard Deviation of 15.65 and a R-squared of 92.22.
The Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) has a Beta of 1.01 with a R-squared of 99.35 and a Standard Deviation of 14.19. Its Treynor Ratio is 9.5 while VT’s Sharpe Ratio is 0.71. Furthermore, the fund has a Alpha of 0.2 and a Mean Return of 0.9.
VO’s Mean Return is 0.24 points higher than that of VT and its R-squared is 7.13 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 15.65, VO is slightly more volatile than VT. The Alpha and Beta of VO are 2.91 points lower and 0.10 points higher than VT’s Alpha and Beta.
FYI: Another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector is by investing in real estate debt. Groundfloor offers fantastic short-term, high-yield bonds that can add diversification to your portfolio!
VO had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 35.15%. VO’s worst year over the past decade yielded -9.21% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Mid-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2014, 2012, and 2020 where annual returns amounted to 13.76%, 15.98%, and 18.22% respectively.
The year 2019 was the strongest year for VT, returning 26.8% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VT in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.67%. Most years the Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2016, 2010, and 2020, when gains were 8.77%, 13.05%, and 16.74% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VO would have resulted in a final balance of $40,404. This is a profit of $30,404 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.34%.
With a $10,000 investment in VT, the end total would have been $27,739. This equates to a $17,739 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.42%.
VO’s CAGR is 3.92 percentage points higher than that of VT and as a result, would have yielded $12,665 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VO outperformed VT by 3.92% annually.
Over the past years, I have discovered several tools and products that have helped me tremendously on my path to financial freedom:
P.S.: The links below are affiliate links, which means I receive a small commission at no extra cost to you when you sign up for one of the services. Thank you for your support!
1)Personal Capital is simply the best tool out there to track your net worth and plan for financial freedom. Just their retirement planner alone has become an invaluable tool to keep myself on track financially. Try it out, it's free!
2) Take a look at M1 Finance, my favorite broker. I love how easy it is to invest and maintain my portfolio with them. I can set up automatic transfers, rebalance my portfolio with one click and even borrow up to 35% of my assets at super low interest rates!
3) Fundrise is by far the best way I've found to invest in Real Estate. You can diversify your portfolio by investing in their eREITs or even allocate capital to individual properties (without the hassle of managing tenants!).
4) Groundfloor is another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector by investing in short-term, high-yield real estate debt. Current returns are >10% and you can get started with just $10.
5) If you are interested in startup investing, check out Mainvest. I've started allocating a small amount of assets to invest in and support small businesses. Return targets are between 10-25% and you can start with just $100!
To see all of my most up-to-date recommendations, check out the Recommended Tools section.