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VNQ vs. SCHP: What’s The Difference?

The Vanguard Real Estate Index Fund ETF Shares (VNQ) and the Schwab U.S. TIPS ETF (SCHP) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VNQ is a Vanguard Real Estate fund and SCHP is a Schwab ETFs Inflation-Protected Bond fund. So, what’s the difference between VNQ and SCHP? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of VNQ is 0.07 percentage points higher than SCHP’s (0.12% vs. 0.05%). VNQ also has a high exposure to the real estate sector while SCHP is mostly comprised of AAA bonds. Overall, VNQ has provided higher returns than SCHP over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare VNQ vs. SCHP. We’ll look at industry exposure and annual returns, as well as at their portfolio growth and holdings. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VNQ’s and SCHP’s risk metrics, fund composition, and performance and examine how these affect their overall returns.

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Summary

VNQSCHP
NameVanguard Real Estate Index Fund ETF SharesSchwab U.S. TIPS ETF
CategoryReal EstateInflation-Protected Bond
IssuerVanguardSchwab ETFs
AUM77.34B18.41B
Avg. Return11.05%3.92%
Div. Yield2.34%1.97%
Expense Ratio0.12%0.05%

The Vanguard Real Estate Index Fund ETF Shares (VNQ) is a Real Estate fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 77.34B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 11.05% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.34% with an expense ratio of 0.12%.

The Schwab U.S. TIPS ETF (SCHP) is a Inflation-Protected Bond fund that is issued by Schwab ETFs. It currently has 18.41B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 3.92% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.97% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.

VNQ’s dividend yield is 0.37% higher than that of SCHP (2.34% vs. 1.97%). Also, VNQ yielded on average 7.13% more per year over the past decade (11.05% vs. 3.92%). The expense ratio of VNQ is 0.07 percentage points higher than SCHP’s (0.12% vs. 0.05%).

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Fund Composition

Holdings

VNQ - Holdings

VNQ HoldingsWeight
Vanguard Real Estate II Index11.62%
American Tower Corp7.24%
Prologis Inc5.33%
Crown Castle International Corp5.01%
Equinix Inc4.3%
Public Storage2.85%
Simon Property Group Inc2.52%
Digital Realty Trust Inc2.49%
SBA Communications Corp2.1%
Welltower Inc2.09%

VNQ’s Top Holdings are Vanguard Real Estate II Index, American Tower Corp, Prologis Inc, Crown Castle International Corp, and Equinix Inc at 11.62%, 7.24%, 5.33%, 5.01%, and 4.3%.

Public Storage (2.85%), Simon Property Group Inc (2.52%), and Digital Realty Trust Inc (2.49%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. SBA Communications Corp and Welltower Inc are also represented in the VNQ’s holdings at 2.1% and 2.09%.

SCHP - Holdings

SCHP Bond SectorsWeight
AAA100.0%
Others0.0%
Below B0.0%
B0.0%
BB0.0%
BBB0.0%
A0.0%
AA0.0%
US Government0.0%

SCHP’s Top Bond Sectors are ratings of AAA, Others, Below B, B, and BB at 100.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0%. The fund is less weighted towards BBB (0.0%), A (0.0%), and AA (0.0%) rated bonds.

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Risk Analysis

VNQSCHP
Mean Return0.890.28
R-squared44.466.16
Std. Deviation16.134.32
Alpha2.47-0.5
Beta0.761.17
Sharpe Ratio0.620.64
Treynor Ratio11.92.31

The Vanguard Real Estate Index Fund ETF Shares (VNQ) has a Mean Return of 0.89 with a Beta of 0.76 and a Alpha of 2.47. Its Standard Deviation is 16.13 while VNQ’s R-squared is 44.4. Furthermore, the fund has a Treynor Ratio of 11.9 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0.62.

The Schwab U.S. TIPS ETF (SCHP) has a Mean Return of 0.28 with a Treynor Ratio of 2.31 and a R-squared of 66.16. Its Beta is 1.17 while SCHP’s Standard Deviation is 4.32. Furthermore, the fund has a Alpha of -0.5 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0.64.

VNQ’s Mean Return is 0.61 points higher than that of SCHP and its R-squared is 21.76 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 16.13, VNQ is slightly more volatile than SCHP. The Alpha and Beta of VNQ are 2.97 points higher and 0.41 points lower than SCHP’s Alpha and Beta.

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Performance

Annual Returns

VNQ vs. SCHP - Annual Returns

YearVNQSCHP
2020-4.72%10.94%
201928.91%8.36%
2018-5.95%-1.31%
20174.95%2.95%
20168.53%4.6%
20152.37%-1.5%
201430.29%3.56%
20132.42%-8.66%
201217.67%6.83%
20118.62%13.38%
201028.44%0.0%

VNQ had its best year in 2014 with an annual return of 30.29%. VNQ’s worst year over the past decade yielded -5.95% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Real Estate Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2017, 2016, and 2011 where annual returns amounted to 4.95%, 8.53%, and 8.62% respectively.

The year 2011 was the strongest year for SCHP, returning 13.38% on an annual basis. The poorest year for SCHP in the last ten years was 2013, with a yield of -8.66%. Most years the Schwab U.S. TIPS ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2017, 2014, and 2016, when gains were 2.95%, 3.56%, and 4.6% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

VNQ vs. SCHP - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
VNQ$10,000$22,97311.05%
SCHP$10,000$14,4183.92%

A $10,000 investment in VNQ would have resulted in a final balance of $22,973. This is a profit of $12,973 over 10 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.05%.

With a $10,000 investment in SCHP, the end total would have been $14,418. This equates to a $4,418 profit over 10 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.92%.

VNQ’s CAGR is 7.13 percentage points higher than that of SCHP and as a result, would have yielded $8,555 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VNQ outperformed SCHP by 7.13% annually.


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