The Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares (VHT) and the Vanguard Mortgage-Backed Securities Index Fund ETF Shares (VMBS) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VHT is a Vanguard Health fund and VMBS is a Vanguard Intermediate Government fund. So, what’s the difference between VHT and VMBS? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VHT is 0.05 percentage points higher than VMBS’s (0.1% vs. 0.05%). VHT also has a high exposure to the healthcare sector while VMBS is mostly comprised of AAA bonds. Overall, VHT has provided higher returns than VMBS over the past 10 years.
In this article, we’ll compare VHT vs. VMBS. We’ll look at industry exposure and risk metrics, as well as at their annual returns and fund composition. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VHT’s and VMBS’s portfolio growth, holdings, and performance and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares||Vanguard Mortgage-Backed Securities Index Fund ETF Shares|
The Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares (VHT) is a Health fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 17.94B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 16.04% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.15% with an expense ratio of 0.1%.
The Vanguard Mortgage-Backed Securities Index Fund ETF Shares (VMBS) is a Intermediate Government fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 16.61B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 2.89% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.23% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.
VHT’s dividend yield is 0.08% lower than that of VMBS (1.15% vs. 1.23%). Also, VHT yielded on average 13.15% more per year over the past decade (16.04% vs. 2.89%). The expense ratio of VHT is 0.05 percentage points higher than VMBS’s (0.1% vs. 0.05%).
FYI: The best way I've found to invest in ETFs is through M1 Finance. It's free and you even get an instant line of credit! Have a look here (link to M1 Finance).
|Johnson & Johnson||7.34%|
|UnitedHealth Group Inc||6.44%|
|Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc||3.37%|
|Merck & Co Inc||3.33%|
|Eli Lilly and Co||3.17%|
VHT’s Top Holdings are Johnson & Johnson, UnitedHealth Group Inc, Pfizer Inc, Abbott Laboratories, and Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc at 7.34%, 6.44%, 3.7%, 3.48%, and 3.37%.
AbbVie Inc (3.37%), Merck & Co Inc (3.33%), and Eli Lilly and Co (3.17%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Danaher Corp and Medtronic PLC are also represented in the VHT’s holdings at 2.91% and 2.83%.
|VMBS Bond Sectors||Weight|
VMBS’s Top Bond Sectors are ratings of AAA, Below B, B, BB, and BBB at 100.01%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0%. The fund is less weighted towards A (0.0%), AA (0.0%), and US Government (0.0%) rated bonds.
NOTE: The easiest way to add diversification to your portfolio is to invest in real estate through Fundrise. You can become private real estate investor without the burden of property management! Check it out here (link to Fundrise).
The Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares (VHT) has a Mean Return of 1.33 with a Treynor Ratio of 20.74 and a Sharpe Ratio of 1.13. Its Beta is 0.75 while VHT’s Standard Deviation is 13.58. Furthermore, the fund has a R-squared of 59.86 and a Alpha of 7.99.
The Vanguard Mortgage-Backed Securities Index Fund ETF Shares (VMBS) has a R-squared of 65.78 with a Alpha of 0.37 and a Mean Return of 0.21. Its Treynor Ratio is 3.47 while VMBS’s Sharpe Ratio is 0.94. Furthermore, the fund has a Standard Deviation of 2.02 and a Beta of 0.54.
VHT’s Mean Return is 1.12 points higher than that of VMBS and its R-squared is 5.92 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 13.58, VHT is slightly more volatile than VMBS. The Alpha and Beta of VHT are 7.62 points higher and 0.21 points higher than VMBS’s Alpha and Beta.
FYI: Another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector is by investing in real estate debt. Groundfloor offers fantastic short-term, high-yield bonds that can add diversification to your portfolio!
VHT had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 42.67%. VHT’s worst year over the past decade yielded -3.33% and occurred in 2016. In most years the Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2011, 2020, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 10.57%, 18.21%, and 19.1% respectively.
The year 2019 was the strongest year for VMBS, returning 6.17% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VMBS in the last ten years was 2013, with a yield of -1.28%. Most years the Vanguard Mortgage-Backed Securities Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2017, 2012, and 2020, when gains were 2.37%, 2.47%, and 3.77% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VHT would have resulted in a final balance of $45,829. This is a profit of $35,829 over 10 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16.04%.
With a $10,000 investment in VMBS, the end total would have been $13,265. This equates to a $3,265 profit over 10 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.89%.
VHT’s CAGR is 13.15 percentage points higher than that of VMBS and as a result, would have yielded $32,564 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VHT outperformed VMBS by 13.15% annually.
Over the past years, I have discovered several tools and products that have helped me tremendously on my path to financial freedom:
P.S.: The links below are affiliate links, which means I receive a small commission at no extra cost to you when you sign up for one of the services. Thank you for your support!
1)Personal Capital is simply the best tool out there to track your net worth and plan for financial freedom. Just their retirement planner alone has become an invaluable tool to keep myself on track financially. Try it out, it's free!
2) Take a look at M1 Finance, my favorite broker. I love how easy it is to invest and maintain my portfolio with them. I can set up automatic transfers, rebalance my portfolio with one click and even borrow up to 35% of my assets at super low interest rates!
3) Fundrise is by far the best way I've found to invest in Real Estate. You can diversify your portfolio by investing in their eREITs or even allocate capital to individual properties (without the hassle of managing tenants!).
4) Groundfloor is another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector by investing in short-term, high-yield real estate debt. Current returns are >10% and you can get started with just $10.
5) If you are interested in startup investing, check out Mainvest. I've started allocating a small amount of assets to invest in and support small businesses. Return targets are between 10-25% and you can start with just $100!
To see all of my most up-to-date recommendations, check out the Recommended Tools section.