The Vanguard Information Technology Index Fund ETF Shares (VGT) and the iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (EEM) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VGT is a Vanguard Technology fund and EEM is a iShares Diversified Emerging Mkts fund. So, what’s the difference between VGT and EEM? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VGT is 0.58 percentage points lower than EEM’s (0.1% vs. 0.68%). VGT also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VGT has provided higher returns than EEM over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VGT vs. EEM. We’ll look at fund composition and portfolio growth, as well as at their risk metrics and holdings. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VGT’s and EEM’s annual returns, performance, and industry exposure and examine how these affect their overall returns.
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|Name||Vanguard Information Technology Index Fund ETF Shares||iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF|
|Category||Technology||Diversified Emerging Mkts|
The Vanguard Information Technology Index Fund ETF Shares (VGT) is a Technology fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 54.13B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 20.84% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.66% with an expense ratio of 0.1%.
The iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (EEM) is a Diversified Emerging Mkts fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 30.33B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 5.47% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.48% with an expense ratio of 0.68%.
VGT’s dividend yield is 0.82% lower than that of EEM (0.66% vs. 1.48%). Also, VGT yielded on average 15.36% more per year over the past decade (20.84% vs. 5.47%). The expense ratio of VGT is 0.58 percentage points lower than EEM’s (0.1% vs. 0.68%).
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The Vanguard Information Technology Index Fund ETF Shares (VGT) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 88.89%. This is followed by Financial Services and Industrials at 8.83% and 1.67% respectively. Consumer Cyclical (0.0%), Real Estate (0.0%), and Consumer Defensive (0.0%) only make up 0.00% of the fund’s total assets.
VGT’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Healthcare, Utilities, Energy, Communication Services, and Industrials stocks at 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.61%, and 1.67%.
The iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (EEM) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 21.36%. This is followed by Financial Services and Consumer Cyclical at 18.39% and 15.16% respectively. Utilities (1.99%), Industrials (4.61%), and Healthcare (5.06%) only make up 11.66% of the fund’s total assets.
EEM’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Energy, Consumer Defensive, Basic Materials, Communication Services, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 5.17%, 5.45%, 9.07%, 11.76%, and 15.16%.
VGT is 67.53% more exposed to the Technology sector than EEM (88.89% vs 21.36%). VGT’s exposure to Financial Services and Industrials stocks is 9.56% lower and 2.94% lower respectively (8.83% vs. 18.39% and 1.67% vs. 4.61%). In total, Consumer Cyclical, Real Estate, and Consumer Defensive also make up 22.59% less of the fund’s holdings compared to EEM (0.00% vs. 22.59%).
|Visa Inc Class A||3.16%|
|PayPal Holdings Inc||2.76%|
|Mastercard Inc Class A||2.76%|
|Cisco Systems Inc||1.9%|
VGT’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, NVIDIA Corp, Visa Inc Class A, and PayPal Holdings Inc at 19.58%, 16.53%, 4.22%, 3.16%, and 2.76%.
Mastercard Inc Class A (2.76%), Adobe Inc (2.39%), and Intel Corp (1.94%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Salesforce.com Inc and Cisco Systems Inc are also represented in the VGT’s holdings at 1.91% and 1.9%.
|Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd||6.36%|
|Alibaba Group Holding Ltd Ordinary Shares||4.58%|
|Tencent Holdings Ltd||4.41%|
|Samsung Electronics Co Ltd||4.05%|
|Naspers Ltd Class N||1.04%|
|Reliance Industries Ltd Shs Dematerialised||0.97%|
|China Construction Bank Corp Class H||0.83%|
EEM’s Top Holdings are Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd, Alibaba Group Holding Ltd Ordinary Shares, Tencent Holdings Ltd, Samsung Electronics Co Ltd, and Meituan at 6.36%, 4.58%, 4.41%, 4.05%, and 1.24%.
Vale SA (1.04%), Naspers Ltd Class N (1.04%), and Reliance Industries Ltd Shs Dematerialised (0.97%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Infosys Ltd and China Construction Bank Corp Class H are also represented in the EEM’s holdings at 0.92% and 0.83%.
The Vanguard Information Technology Index Fund ETF Shares (VGT) has a Standard Deviation of 16.61 with a R-squared of 74.84 and a Beta of 1.02. Its Mean Return is 1.76 while VGT’s Sharpe Ratio is 1.23. Furthermore, the fund has a Alpha of 10.41 and a Treynor Ratio of 20.55.
The iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (EEM) has a Sharpe Ratio of 0.22 with a Treynor Ratio of 2.22 and a Standard Deviation of 17.79. Its Mean Return is 0.38 while EEM’s R-squared is 83.5. Furthermore, the fund has a Beta of 1.08 and a Alpha of -2.33.
VGT’s Mean Return is 1.38 points higher than that of EEM and its R-squared is 8.66 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 16.61, VGT is slightly less volatile than EEM. The Alpha and Beta of VGT are 12.74 points higher and 0.06 points lower than EEM’s Alpha and Beta.
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VGT had its best year in 2019 with an annual return of 48.68%. VGT’s worst year over the past decade yielded 0.52% and occurred in 2011. In most years the Vanguard Information Technology Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2012, and 2014 where annual returns amounted to 13.73%, 14.05%, and 18.01% respectively.
The year 2017 was the strongest year for EEM, returning 36.42% on an annual basis. The poorest year for EEM in the last ten years was 2011, with a yield of -18.87%. Most years the iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2014, 2016, and 2010, when gains were -2.82%, 10.51%, and 15.93% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VGT would have resulted in a final balance of $72,718. This is a profit of $62,718 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 20.84%.
With a $10,000 investment in EEM, the end total would have been $15,578. This equates to a $5,578 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.47%.
VGT’s CAGR is 15.36 percentage points higher than that of EEM and as a result, would have yielded $57,140 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VGT outperformed EEM by 15.36% annually.
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