The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) and the Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VWO) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VEA is a Vanguard Foreign Large Blend fund and VWO is a Vanguard Diversified Emerging Mkts fund. So, what’s the difference between VEA and VWO? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VEA is 0.05 percentage points lower than VWO’s (0.05% vs. 0.1%). VEA also has a lower exposure to the financial services sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VEA has provided higher returns than VWO over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VEA vs. VWO. We’ll look at performance and portfolio growth, as well as at their fund composition and holdings. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VEA’s and VWO’s annual returns, industry exposure, and risk metrics and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares||Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets Index Fund ETF Shares|
|Category||Foreign Large Blend||Diversified Emerging Mkts|
The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) is a Foreign Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 157.48B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 7.05% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.49% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.
The Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VWO) is a Diversified Emerging Mkts fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 117.28B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 5.79% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.98% with an expense ratio of 0.1%.
VEA’s dividend yield is 0.51% higher than that of VWO (2.49% vs. 1.98%). Also, VEA yielded on average 1.26% more per year over the past decade (7.05% vs. 5.79%). The expense ratio of VEA is 0.05 percentage points lower than VWO’s (0.05% vs. 0.1%).
The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 17.39%. This is followed by Industrials and Technology at 15.47% and 11.67% respectively. Real Estate (4.04%), Energy (4.17%), and Communication Services (5.41%) only make up 13.62% of the fund’s total assets.
VEA’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Consumer Defensive, Healthcare, Consumer Cyclical, and Technology stocks at 8.24%, 8.61%, 10.6%, 11.31%, and 11.67%.
The Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VWO) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 18.15%. This is followed by Technology and Consumer Cyclical at 17.06% and 16.1% respectively. Real Estate (3.13%), Healthcare (5.33%), and Energy (5.48%) only make up 13.94% of the fund’s total assets.
VWO’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Basic Materials, Communication Services, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 5.87%, 5.95%, 8.98%, 11.41%, and 16.1%.
VEA is 0.76% less exposed to the Financial Services sector than VWO (17.39% vs 18.15%). VEA’s exposure to Industrials and Technology stocks is 9.52% higher and 5.39% lower respectively (15.47% vs. 5.95% and 11.67% vs. 17.06%). In total, Real Estate, Energy, and Communication Services also make up 6.40% less of the fund’s holdings compared to VWO (13.62% vs. 20.02%).
|Samsung Electronics Co Ltd||1.4%|
|ASML Holding NV||1.16%|
|Roche Holding AG||1.1%|
|Toyota Motor Corp||0.92%|
|LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE||0.84%|
|Shopify Inc A||0.7%|
VEA’s Top Holdings are Nestle SA, Samsung Electronics Co Ltd, ASML Holding NV, Roche Holding AG, and Toyota Motor Corp at 1.5%, 1.4%, 1.16%, 1.1%, and 0.92%.
LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE (0.84%), Novartis AG (0.82%), and Shopify Inc A (0.7%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. AstraZeneca PLC and SAP SE are also represented in the VEA’s holdings at 0.67% and 0.66%.
|Tencent Holdings Ltd||5.29%|
|Alibaba Group Holding Ltd Ordinary Shares||4.73%|
|Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd||4.58%|
|Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd ADR||1.7%|
|Reliance Industries Ltd Shs Dematerialised||1.06%|
|Naspers Ltd Class N||1.01%|
|China Construction Bank Corp Class H||0.84%|
VWO’s Top Holdings are Tencent Holdings Ltd, Alibaba Group Holding Ltd Ordinary Shares, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd, Meituan, and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd ADR at 5.29%, 4.73%, 4.58%, 1.88%, and 1.7%.
Reliance Industries Ltd Shs Dematerialised (1.06%), Naspers Ltd Class N (1.01%), and Vale SA (0.92%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Infosys Ltd and China Construction Bank Corp Class H are also represented in the VWO’s holdings at 0.91% and 0.84%.
VEA had its best year in 2017 with an annual return of 26.44%. VEA’s worst year over the past decade yielded -14.47% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2010, and 2020 where annual returns amounted to 2.51%, 8.47%, and 10.29% respectively.
The year 2017 was the strongest year for VWO, returning 31.38% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VWO in the last ten years was 2011, with a yield of -18.68%. Most years the Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2014, 2016, and 2020, when gains were 0.6%, 11.75%, and 15.32% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VEA would have resulted in a final balance of $19,290. This is a profit of $9,290 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.05%.
With a $10,000 investment in VWO, the end total would have been $16,200. This equates to a $6,200 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.79%.
VEA’s CAGR is 1.26 percentage points higher than that of VWO and as a result, would have yielded $3,090 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VEA outperformed VWO by 1.26% annually.
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