The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) and the iShares MSCI USA Momentum Factor ETF (MTUM) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VEA is a Vanguard Foreign Large Blend fund and MTUM is a iShares Large Growth fund. So, what’s the difference between VEA and MTUM? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VEA is 0.10 percentage points lower than MTUM’s (0.05% vs. 0.15%). VEA also has a lower exposure to the financial services sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, VEA has provided lower returns than MTUM over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VEA vs. MTUM. We’ll look at performance and portfolio growth, as well as at their risk metrics and industry exposure. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VEA’s and MTUM’s annual returns, fund composition, and holdings and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares||iShares MSCI USA Momentum Factor ETF|
|Category||Foreign Large Blend||Large Growth|
The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) is a Foreign Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 157.48B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 7.05% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.49% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.
The iShares MSCI USA Momentum Factor ETF (MTUM) is a Large Growth fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 14.53B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 17.37% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.44% with an expense ratio of 0.15%.
VEA’s dividend yield is 2.05% higher than that of MTUM (2.49% vs. 0.44%). Also, VEA yielded on average 10.32% less per year over the past decade (7.05% vs. 17.37%). The expense ratio of VEA is 0.10 percentage points lower than MTUM’s (0.05% vs. 0.15%).
The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 17.39%. This is followed by Industrials and Technology at 15.47% and 11.67% respectively. Real Estate (4.04%), Energy (4.17%), and Communication Services (5.41%) only make up 13.62% of the fund’s total assets.
VEA’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Consumer Defensive, Healthcare, Consumer Cyclical, and Technology stocks at 8.24%, 8.61%, 10.6%, 11.31%, and 11.67%.
The iShares MSCI USA Momentum Factor ETF (MTUM) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 34.32%. This is followed by Technology and Communication Services at 15.24% and 13.18% respectively. Real Estate (0.43%), Energy (1.77%), and Consumer Defensive (2.88%) only make up 5.08% of the fund’s total assets.
MTUM’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Healthcare, Consumer Cyclical, Industrials, and Communication Services stocks at 3.15%, 6.41%, 9.96%, 12.47%, and 13.18%.
VEA is 16.93% less exposed to the Financial Services sector than MTUM (17.39% vs 34.32%). VEA’s exposure to Industrials and Technology stocks is 3.00% higher and 3.57% lower respectively (15.47% vs. 12.47% and 11.67% vs. 15.24%). In total, Real Estate, Energy, and Communication Services also make up 1.76% less of the fund’s holdings compared to MTUM (13.62% vs. 15.38%).
|Samsung Electronics Co Ltd||1.4%|
|ASML Holding NV||1.16%|
|Roche Holding AG||1.1%|
|Toyota Motor Corp||0.92%|
|LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE||0.84%|
|Shopify Inc A||0.7%|
VEA’s Top Holdings are Nestle SA, Samsung Electronics Co Ltd, ASML Holding NV, Roche Holding AG, and Toyota Motor Corp at 1.5%, 1.4%, 1.16%, 1.1%, and 0.92%.
LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE (0.84%), Novartis AG (0.82%), and Shopify Inc A (0.7%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. AstraZeneca PLC and SAP SE are also represented in the VEA’s holdings at 0.67% and 0.66%.
|The Walt Disney Co||4.39%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||4.35%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||4.34%|
|Bank of America Corp||3.81%|
|PayPal Holdings Inc||3.76%|
|Wells Fargo & Co||3.05%|
|Applied Materials Inc||3.05%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||2.84%|
MTUM’s Top Holdings are Tesla Inc, The Walt Disney Co, JPMorgan Chase & Co, Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B, and Bank of America Corp at 5.63%, 4.39%, 4.35%, 4.34%, and 3.81%.
PayPal Holdings Inc (3.76%), Wells Fargo & Co (3.05%), and Applied Materials Inc (3.05%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Moderna Inc and Alphabet Inc Class C are also represented in the MTUM’s holdings at 2.89% and 2.84%.
VEA had its best year in 2017 with an annual return of 26.44%. VEA’s worst year over the past decade yielded -14.47% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2010, and 2020 where annual returns amounted to 2.51%, 8.47%, and 10.29% respectively.
The year 2017 was the strongest year for MTUM, returning 37.6% on an annual basis. The poorest year for MTUM in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -1.77%. Most years the iShares MSCI USA Momentum Factor ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2010, 2016, and 2015, when gains were 0.0%, 4.89%, and 9.12% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VEA would have resulted in a final balance of $14,044. This is a profit of $4,044 over 7 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.05%.
With a $10,000 investment in MTUM, the end total would have been $29,301. This equates to a $19,301 profit over 7 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17.37%.
VEA’s CAGR is 10.32 percentage points lower than that of MTUM and as a result, would have yielded $15,257 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VEA performed worse than MTUM by 10.32% annually.
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