VEA vs. IVE: What’s The Difference?

The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) and the iShares S&P 500 Value ETF (IVE) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VEA is a Vanguard Foreign Large Blend fund and IVE is a iShares Large Value fund. So, what’s the difference between VEA and IVE? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of VEA is 0.13 percentage points lower than IVE’s (0.05% vs. 0.18%). VEA also has a lower exposure to the financial services sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, VEA has provided lower returns than IVE over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare VEA vs. IVE. We’ll look at holdings and portfolio growth, as well as at their risk metrics and fund composition. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VEA’s and IVE’s performance, annual returns, and industry exposure and examine how these affect their overall returns.

Summary

VEA IVE
Name Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares iShares S&P 500 Value ETF
Category Foreign Large Blend Large Value
Issuer Vanguard iShares
AUM 157.48B 22.4B
Avg. Return 7.05% 11.68%
Div. Yield 2.49% 1.88%
Expense Ratio 0.05% 0.18%

The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) is a Foreign Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 157.48B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 7.05% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.49% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.

The iShares S&P 500 Value ETF (IVE) is a Large Value fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 22.4B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 11.68% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.88% with an expense ratio of 0.18%.

VEA’s dividend yield is 0.61% higher than that of IVE (2.49% vs. 1.88%). Also, VEA yielded on average 4.63% less per year over the past decade (7.05% vs. 11.68%). The expense ratio of VEA is 0.13 percentage points lower than IVE’s (0.05% vs. 0.18%).

Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

VEA vs. IVE - Industry Exposure

VEA IVE
Technology 11.67% 9.41%
Industrials 15.47% 12.19%
Energy 4.17% 5.43%
Communication Services 5.41% 6.4%
Utilities 3.1% 4.82%
Healthcare 10.6% 15.4%
Consumer Defensive 8.61% 9.23%
Real Estate 4.04% 4.38%
Financial Services 17.39% 22.06%
Consumer Cyclical 11.31% 7.68%
Basic Materials 8.24% 2.99%

The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 17.39%. This is followed by Industrials and Technology at 15.47% and 11.67% respectively. Real Estate (4.04%), Energy (4.17%), and Communication Services (5.41%) only make up 13.62% of the fund’s total assets.

VEA’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Consumer Defensive, Healthcare, Consumer Cyclical, and Technology stocks at 8.24%, 8.61%, 10.6%, 11.31%, and 11.67%.

The iShares S&P 500 Value ETF (IVE) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 22.06%. This is followed by Healthcare and Industrials at 15.4% and 12.19% respectively. Real Estate (4.38%), Utilities (4.82%), and Energy (5.43%) only make up 14.63% of the fund’s total assets.

IVE’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, Consumer Defensive, Technology, and Industrials stocks at 6.4%, 7.68%, 9.23%, 9.41%, and 12.19%.

VEA is 4.67% less exposed to the Financial Services sector than IVE (17.39% vs 22.06%). VEA’s exposure to Industrials and Technology stocks is 3.28% higher and 2.26% higher respectively (15.47% vs. 12.19% and 11.67% vs. 9.41%). In total, Real Estate, Energy, and Communication Services also make up 2.59% less of the fund’s holdings compared to IVE (13.62% vs. 16.21%).

Holdings

VEA - Holdings

VEA Holdings Weight
Nestle SA 1.5%
Samsung Electronics Co Ltd 1.4%
ASML Holding NV 1.16%
Roche Holding AG 1.1%
Toyota Motor Corp 0.92%
LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE 0.84%
Novartis AG 0.82%
Shopify Inc A 0.7%
AstraZeneca PLC 0.67%
SAP SE 0.66%

VEA’s Top Holdings are Nestle SA, Samsung Electronics Co Ltd, ASML Holding NV, Roche Holding AG, and Toyota Motor Corp at 1.5%, 1.4%, 1.16%, 1.1%, and 0.92%.

LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE (0.84%), Novartis AG (0.82%), and Shopify Inc A (0.7%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. AstraZeneca PLC and SAP SE are also represented in the VEA’s holdings at 0.67% and 0.66%.

IVE - Holdings

IVE Holdings Weight
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B 3.05%
JPMorgan Chase & Co 2.65%
The Walt Disney Co 1.85%
Bank of America Corp 1.67%
Johnson & Johnson 1.57%
Exxon Mobil Corp 1.41%
Pfizer Inc 1.38%
Cisco Systems Inc 1.35%
Verizon Communications Inc 1.33%
Intel Corp 1.25%

IVE’s Top Holdings are Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B, JPMorgan Chase & Co, The Walt Disney Co, Bank of America Corp, and Johnson & Johnson at 3.05%, 2.65%, 1.85%, 1.67%, and 1.57%.

Exxon Mobil Corp (1.41%), Pfizer Inc (1.38%), and Cisco Systems Inc (1.35%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Verizon Communications Inc and Intel Corp are also represented in the IVE’s holdings at 1.33% and 1.25%.

Performance

Annual Returns

VEA vs. IVE - Annual Returns

Year VEA IVE
2020 10.29% 1.24%
2019 22.08% 31.71%
2018 -14.47% -9.09%
2017 26.44% 15.19%
2016 2.51% 17.17%
2015 -0.21% -3.24%
2014 -5.71% 12.14%
2013 22.12% 31.69%
2012 18.6% 17.45%
2011 -12.57% -0.63%
2010 8.47% 14.9%

VEA had its best year in 2017 with an annual return of 26.44%. VEA’s worst year over the past decade yielded -14.47% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2010, and 2020 where annual returns amounted to 2.51%, 8.47%, and 10.29% respectively.

The year 2019 was the strongest year for IVE, returning 31.71% on an annual basis. The poorest year for IVE in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.09%. Most years the iShares S&P 500 Value ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2014, 2010, and 2017, when gains were 12.14%, 14.9%, and 15.19% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

VEA vs. IVE - Portfolio Growth

Fund Initial Balance Final Balance CAGR
VEA $10,000 $19,290 7.05%
IVE $10,000 $31,350 11.68%

A $10,000 investment in VEA would have resulted in a final balance of $19,290. This is a profit of $9,290 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.05%.

With a $10,000 investment in IVE, the end total would have been $31,350. This equates to a $21,350 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.68%.

VEA’s CAGR is 4.63 percentage points lower than that of IVE and as a result, would have yielded $12,060 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VEA performed worse than IVE by 4.63% annually.


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