The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) and the SPDR Gold Shares (GLD) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VEA is a Vanguard Foreign Large Blend fund and GLD is a SPDR State Street Global Advisors N/A fund. So, what’s the difference between VEA and GLD? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VEA is 0.35 percentage points lower than GLD’s (0.05% vs. 0.4%). VEA also has a higher exposure to the financial services sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VEA has provided higher returns than GLD over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VEA vs. GLD. We’ll look at fund composition and industry exposure, as well as at their performance and portfolio growth. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VEA’s and GLD’s holdings, risk metrics, and annual returns and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares||SPDR Gold Shares|
|Category||Foreign Large Blend||N/A|
|Issuer||Vanguard||SPDR State Street Global Advisors|
The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) is a Foreign Large Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 157.48B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 7.05% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.49% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.
The SPDR Gold Shares (GLD) is a N/A fund that is issued by SPDR State Street Global Advisors. It currently has 59.26B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 5.81% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.0% with an expense ratio of 0.4%.
VEA’s dividend yield is 2.49% higher than that of GLD (2.49% vs. 0.0%). Also, VEA yielded on average 1.24% more per year over the past decade (7.05% vs. 5.81%). The expense ratio of VEA is 0.35 percentage points lower than GLD’s (0.05% vs. 0.4%).
The Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares (VEA) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 17.39%. This is followed by Industrials and Technology at 15.47% and 11.67% respectively. Real Estate (4.04%), Energy (4.17%), and Communication Services (5.41%) only make up 13.62% of the fund’s total assets.
VEA’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Consumer Defensive, Healthcare, Consumer Cyclical, and Technology stocks at 8.24%, 8.61%, 10.6%, 11.31%, and 11.67%.
The SPDR Gold Shares (GLD) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 0.0%. This is followed by Industrials and Energy at 0.0% and 0.0% respectively. Consumer Cyclical (0.0%), Financial Services (0.0%), and Real Estate (0.0%) only make up 0.00% of the fund’s total assets.
GLD’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Healthcare, Utilities, Communication Services, and Energy stocks at 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0%.
VEA is 17.39% more exposed to the Financial Services sector than GLD (17.39% vs 0.0%). VEA’s exposure to Industrials and Technology stocks is 15.47% higher and 11.67% higher respectively (15.47% vs. 0.0% and 11.67% vs. 0.0%). In total, Real Estate, Energy, and Communication Services also make up 13.62% more of the fund’s holdings compared to GLD (13.62% vs. 0.00%).
|Samsung Electronics Co Ltd||1.4%|
|ASML Holding NV||1.16%|
|Roche Holding AG||1.1%|
|Toyota Motor Corp||0.92%|
|LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE||0.84%|
|Shopify Inc A||0.7%|
VEA’s Top Holdings are Nestle SA, Samsung Electronics Co Ltd, ASML Holding NV, Roche Holding AG, and Toyota Motor Corp at 1.5%, 1.4%, 1.16%, 1.1%, and 0.92%.
LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE (0.84%), Novartis AG (0.82%), and Shopify Inc A (0.7%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. AstraZeneca PLC and SAP SE are also represented in the VEA’s holdings at 0.67% and 0.66%.
GLD’s Top Holdings are Gold Trust, N/A, N/A, N/A, and N/A at 100.0%, 0%, 0%, 0%, and 0%.
N/A (0%), N/A (0%), and N/A (0%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. N/A and N/A are also represented in the GLD’s holdings at 0% and 0%.
VEA had its best year in 2017 with an annual return of 26.44%. VEA’s worst year over the past decade yielded -14.47% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2010, and 2020 where annual returns amounted to 2.51%, 8.47%, and 10.29% respectively.
The year 2010 was the strongest year for GLD, returning 27.25% on an annual basis. The poorest year for GLD in the last ten years was 2013, with a yield of -28.09%. Most years the SPDR Gold Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2012, 2016, and 2011, when gains were 5.26%, 8.69%, and 11.2% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VEA would have resulted in a final balance of $19,290. This is a profit of $9,290 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.05%.
With a $10,000 investment in GLD, the end total would have been $16,395. This equates to a $6,395 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.81%.
VEA’s CAGR is 1.24 percentage points higher than that of GLD and as a result, would have yielded $2,895 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VEA outperformed GLD by 1.24% annually.
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