Skip to content

VB vs. VT: What’s The Difference?

The Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) and the Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VB is a Vanguard Small Blend fund and VT is a Vanguard N/A fund. So, what’s the difference between VB and VT? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of VB is 0.03 percentage points lower than VT’s (0.05% vs. 0.08%). VB also has a lower exposure to the technology sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, VB has provided higher returns than VT over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare VB vs. VT. We’ll look at risk metrics and performance, as well as at their annual returns and industry exposure. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VB’s and VT’s holdings, portfolio growth, and fund composition and examine how these affect their overall returns.

TIP: Keep track of all your investments with Personal Capital. I use this amazing tool to aggregate all investments in one place and make sure I'm on track to financial freedom. Oh, and did I mention it's free? Try it out here (link to Personal Capital).

Summary

VBVT
NameVanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF SharesVanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares
CategorySmall BlendN/A
IssuerVanguardVanguard
AUM137.72B30.44B
Avg. Return14.25%10.42%
Div. Yield1.14%1.65%
Expense Ratio0.05%0.08%

The Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) is a Small Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 137.72B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.25% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.14% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.

The Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) is a N/A fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 30.44B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 10.42% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.65% with an expense ratio of 0.08%.

VB’s dividend yield is 0.51% lower than that of VT (1.14% vs. 1.65%). Also, VB yielded on average 3.84% more per year over the past decade (14.25% vs. 10.42%). The expense ratio of VB is 0.03 percentage points lower than VT’s (0.05% vs. 0.08%).

FYI: The best way I've found to invest in ETFs is through M1 Finance. It's free and you even get an instant line of credit! Have a look here (link to M1 Finance).

Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

VB vs. VT - Industry Exposure

VBVT
Technology16.85%19.63%
Industrials16.11%10.7%
Energy3.67%3.48%
Communication Services2.4%9.02%
Utilities2.19%2.6%
Healthcare14.34%11.58%
Consumer Defensive4.14%6.71%
Real Estate9.56%3.64%
Financial Services13.06%15.36%
Consumer Cyclical13.03%12.32%
Basic Materials4.63%4.97%

The Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 16.85%. This is followed by Industrials and Healthcare at 16.11% and 14.34% respectively. Communication Services (2.4%), Energy (3.67%), and Consumer Defensive (4.14%) only make up 10.21% of the fund’s total assets.

VB’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Real Estate, Consumer Cyclical, Financial Services, and Healthcare stocks at 4.63%, 9.56%, 13.03%, 13.06%, and 14.34%.

The Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 19.63%. This is followed by Financial Services and Consumer Cyclical at 15.36% and 12.32% respectively. Energy (3.48%), Real Estate (3.64%), and Basic Materials (4.97%) only make up 12.09% of the fund’s total assets.

VT’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Communication Services, Industrials, Healthcare, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 6.71%, 9.02%, 10.7%, 11.58%, and 12.32%.

VB is 2.78% less exposed to the Technology sector than VT (16.85% vs 19.63%). VB’s exposure to Industrials and Healthcare stocks is 5.41% higher and 2.76% higher respectively (16.11% vs. 10.7% and 14.34% vs. 11.58%). In total, Communication Services, Energy, and Consumer Defensive also make up 9.00% less of the fund’s holdings compared to VT (10.21% vs. 19.21%).

Holdings

VB - Holdings

VB HoldingsWeight
Charles River Laboratories International Inc0.34%
Pool Corp0.32%
Bio-Techne Corp0.32%
Avantor Inc0.32%
PerkinElmer Inc0.31%
Diamondback Energy Inc0.31%
VICI Properties Inc Ordinary Shares0.3%
IDEX Corp0.3%
Entegris Inc0.3%
Novavax Inc0.29%

VB’s Top Holdings are Charles River Laboratories International Inc, Pool Corp, Bio-Techne Corp, Avantor Inc, and PerkinElmer Inc at 0.34%, 0.32%, 0.32%, 0.32%, and 0.31%.

Diamondback Energy Inc (0.31%), VICI Properties Inc Ordinary Shares (0.3%), and IDEX Corp (0.3%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Entegris Inc and Novavax Inc are also represented in the VB’s holdings at 0.3% and 0.29%.

VT - Holdings

VT HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc2.85%
Microsoft Corp2.71%
Amazon.com Inc1.98%
Facebook Inc Class A1.1%
Alphabet Inc Class A0.97%
Alphabet Inc Class C0.95%
Tesla Inc0.7%
NVIDIA Corp0.64%
JPMorgan Chase & Co0.62%
Tencent Holdings Ltd0.6%

VT’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 2.85%, 2.71%, 1.98%, 1.1%, and 0.97%.

Alphabet Inc Class C (0.95%), Tesla Inc (0.7%), and NVIDIA Corp (0.64%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. JPMorgan Chase & Co and Tencent Holdings Ltd are also represented in the VT’s holdings at 0.62% and 0.6%.

NOTE: The easiest way to add diversification to your portfolio is to invest in real estate through Fundrise. You can become private real estate investor without the burden of property management! Check it out here (link to Fundrise).

Risk Analysis

VBVT
Mean Return1.150.9
R-squared85.0399.35
Std. Deviation17.8214.19
Alpha-4.020.2
Beta1.211.01
Sharpe Ratio0.740.71
Treynor Ratio10.159.5

The Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) has a R-squared of 85.03 with a Alpha of -4.02 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0.74. Its Standard Deviation is 17.82 while VB’s Mean Return is 1.15. Furthermore, the fund has a Treynor Ratio of 10.15 and a Beta of 1.21.

The Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) has a Beta of 1.01 with a Treynor Ratio of 9.5 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0.71. Its Alpha is 0.2 while VT’s Mean Return is 0.9. Furthermore, the fund has a Standard Deviation of 14.19 and a R-squared of 99.35.

VB’s Mean Return is 0.25 points higher than that of VT and its R-squared is 14.32 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 17.82, VB is slightly more volatile than VT. The Alpha and Beta of VB are 4.22 points lower and 0.20 points higher than VT’s Alpha and Beta.

FYI: Another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector is by investing in real estate debt. Groundfloor offers fantastic short-term, high-yield bonds that can add diversification to your portfolio!

Performance

Annual Returns

VB vs. VT - Annual Returns

YearVBVT
202019.08%16.74%
201927.37%26.8%
2018-9.3%-9.67%
201716.24%24.19%
201618.31%8.77%
2015-3.65%-1.88%
20147.51%3.97%
201337.8%22.98%
201218.22%17.33%
2011-2.68%-7.71%
201027.89%13.05%

VB had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 37.8%. VB’s worst year over the past decade yielded -9.3% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2017, 2012, and 2016 where annual returns amounted to 16.24%, 18.22%, and 18.31% respectively.

The year 2019 was the strongest year for VT, returning 26.8% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VT in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.67%. Most years the Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2016, 2010, and 2020, when gains were 8.77%, 13.05%, and 16.74% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

VB vs. VT - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
VB$10,000$39,73414.25%
VT$10,000$27,73910.42%

A $10,000 investment in VB would have resulted in a final balance of $39,734. This is a profit of $29,734 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.25%.

With a $10,000 investment in VT, the end total would have been $27,739. This equates to a $17,739 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.42%.

VB’s CAGR is 3.84 percentage points higher than that of VT and as a result, would have yielded $11,995 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VB outperformed VT by 3.84% annually.


Current recommendations:

Over the past years, I have discovered several tools and products that have helped me tremendously on my path to financial freedom:

P.S.: The links below are affiliate links, which means I receive a small commission at no extra cost to you when you sign up for one of the services. Thank you for your support!

1)Personal Capital is simply the best tool out there to track your net worth and plan for financial freedom. Just their retirement planner alone has become an invaluable tool to keep myself on track financially. Try it out, it's free!

2) Take a look at M1 Finance, my favorite broker. I love how easy it is to invest and maintain my portfolio with them. I can set up automatic transfers, rebalance my portfolio with one click and even borrow up to 35% of my assets at super low interest rates!

3) Fundrise is by far the best way I've found to invest in Real Estate. You can diversify your portfolio by investing in their eREITs or even allocate capital to individual properties (without the hassle of managing tenants!).

4) Groundfloor is another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector by investing in short-term, high-yield real estate debt. Current returns are >10% and you can get started with just $10.

5) If you are interested in startup investing, check out Mainvest. I've started allocating a small amount of assets to invest in and support small businesses. Return targets are between 10-25% and you can start with just $100!

To see all of my most up-to-date recommendations, check out the Recommended Tools section.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.