The Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) and the Vanguard Small-Cap Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VBK) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VB is a Vanguard Small Blend fund and VBK is a Vanguard Small Growth fund. So, what’s the difference between VB and VBK? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of VB is 0.02 percentage points lower than VBK’s (0.05% vs. 0.07%). VB also has a lower exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, VB has provided lower returns than VBK over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VB vs. VBK. We’ll look at performance and risk metrics, as well as at their portfolio growth and annual returns. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VB’s and VBK’s industry exposure, holdings, and fund composition and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares||Vanguard Small-Cap Growth Index Fund ETF Shares|
|Category||Small Blend||Small Growth|
The Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) is a Small Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 137.72B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.25% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.14% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.
The Vanguard Small-Cap Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VBK) is a Small Growth fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 37.89B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 16.53% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.45% with an expense ratio of 0.07%.
VB’s dividend yield is 0.69% higher than that of VBK (1.14% vs. 0.45%). Also, VB yielded on average 2.27% less per year over the past decade (14.25% vs. 16.53%). The expense ratio of VB is 0.02 percentage points lower than VBK’s (0.05% vs. 0.07%).
FYI: The best way I've found to invest in ETFs is through M1 Finance. It's free and you even get an instant line of credit! Have a look here (link to M1 Finance).
The Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 16.85%. This is followed by Industrials and Healthcare at 16.11% and 14.34% respectively. Communication Services (2.4%), Energy (3.67%), and Consumer Defensive (4.14%) only make up 10.21% of the fund’s total assets.
VB’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Real Estate, Consumer Cyclical, Financial Services, and Healthcare stocks at 4.63%, 9.56%, 13.03%, 13.06%, and 14.34%.
The Vanguard Small-Cap Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VBK) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 27.87%. This is followed by Healthcare and Industrials at 23.24% and 13.19% respectively. Energy (1.77%), Basic Materials (2.49%), and Communication Services (3.24%) only make up 7.50% of the fund’s total assets.
VBK’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Financial Services, Real Estate, Consumer Cyclical, and Industrials stocks at 3.83%, 4.05%, 7.87%, 12.13%, and 13.19%.
VB is 11.02% less exposed to the Technology sector than VBK (16.85% vs 27.87%). VB’s exposure to Industrials and Healthcare stocks is 2.92% higher and 8.90% lower respectively (16.11% vs. 13.19% and 14.34% vs. 23.24%). In total, Communication Services, Energy, and Consumer Defensive also make up 1.37% more of the fund’s holdings compared to VBK (10.21% vs. 8.84%).
|Charles River Laboratories International Inc||0.34%|
|Diamondback Energy Inc||0.31%|
|VICI Properties Inc Ordinary Shares||0.3%|
VB’s Top Holdings are Charles River Laboratories International Inc, Pool Corp, Bio-Techne Corp, Avantor Inc, and PerkinElmer Inc at 0.34%, 0.32%, 0.32%, 0.32%, and 0.31%.
Diamondback Energy Inc (0.31%), VICI Properties Inc Ordinary Shares (0.3%), and IDEX Corp (0.3%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Entegris Inc and Novavax Inc are also represented in the VB’s holdings at 0.3% and 0.29%.
|Charles River Laboratories International Inc||0.78%|
|Fair Isaac Corp||0.57%|
|Bill.com Holdings Inc Ordinary Shares||0.56%|
VBK’s Top Holdings are Charles River Laboratories International Inc, Pool Corp, Bio-Techne Corp, Avantor Inc, and PerkinElmer Inc at 0.78%, 0.73%, 0.73%, 0.73%, and 0.72%.
Entegris Inc (0.7%), PTC Inc (0.62%), and Fair Isaac Corp (0.57%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Bill.com Holdings Inc Ordinary Shares and Avalara Inc are also represented in the VBK’s holdings at 0.56% and 0.55%.
NOTE: The easiest way to add diversification to your portfolio is to invest in real estate through Fundrise. You can become private real estate investor without the burden of property management! Check it out here (link to Fundrise).
The Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) has a Beta of 1.21 with a Standard Deviation of 17.82 and a Mean Return of 1.15. Its Alpha is -4.02 while VB’s Treynor Ratio is 10.15. Furthermore, the fund has a Sharpe Ratio of 0.74 and a R-squared of 85.03.
The Vanguard Small-Cap Growth Index Fund ETF Shares (VBK) has a R-squared of 80.56 with a Alpha of -2.81 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0.78. Its Standard Deviation is 17.95 while VBK’s Mean Return is 1.22. Furthermore, the fund has a Beta of 1.18 and a Treynor Ratio of 11.18.
VB’s Mean Return is 0.07 points lower than that of VBK and its R-squared is 4.47 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 17.82, VB is slightly less volatile than VBK. The Alpha and Beta of VB are 1.21 points lower and 0.03 points higher than VBK’s Alpha and Beta.
FYI: Another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector is by investing in real estate debt. Groundfloor offers fantastic short-term, high-yield bonds that can add diversification to your portfolio!
VB had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 37.8%. VB’s worst year over the past decade yielded -9.3% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2017, 2012, and 2016 where annual returns amounted to 16.24%, 18.22%, and 18.31% respectively.
The year 2013 was the strongest year for VBK, returning 38.18% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VBK in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -5.68%. Most years the Vanguard Small-Cap Growth Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2016, 2012, and 2017, when gains were 10.74%, 17.67%, and 21.9% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VB would have resulted in a final balance of $39,734. This is a profit of $29,734 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.25%.
With a $10,000 investment in VBK, the end total would have been $48,639. This equates to a $38,639 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16.53%.
VB’s CAGR is 2.27 percentage points lower than that of VBK and as a result, would have yielded $8,905 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VB performed worse than VBK by 2.27% annually.
Over the past years, I have discovered several tools and products that have helped me tremendously on my path to financial freedom:
P.S.: The links below are affiliate links, which means I receive a small commission at no extra cost to you when you sign up for one of the services. Thank you for your support!
1)Personal Capital is simply the best tool out there to track your net worth and plan for financial freedom. Just their retirement planner alone has become an invaluable tool to keep myself on track financially. Try it out, it's free!
2) Take a look at M1 Finance, my favorite broker. I love how easy it is to invest and maintain my portfolio with them. I can set up automatic transfers, rebalance my portfolio with one click and even borrow up to 35% of my assets at super low interest rates!
3) Fundrise is by far the best way I've found to invest in Real Estate. You can diversify your portfolio by investing in their eREITs or even allocate capital to individual properties (without the hassle of managing tenants!).
4) Groundfloor is another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector by investing in short-term, high-yield real estate debt. Current returns are >10% and you can get started with just $10.
5) If you are interested in startup investing, check out Mainvest. I've started allocating a small amount of assets to invest in and support small businesses. Return targets are between 10-25% and you can start with just $100!
To see all of my most up-to-date recommendations, check out the Recommended Tools section.