The Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) and the iShares U.S. Treasury Bond ETF (GOVT) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. VB is a Vanguard Small Blend fund and GOVT is a iShares Intermediate Government fund. So, what’s the difference between VB and GOVT? And which fund is better?
VB and GOVT have the same expense ratio: 0.05%. VB also has a high exposure to the technology sector while GOVT is mostly comprised of AAA bonds. Overall, VB has provided higher returns than GOVT over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare VB vs. GOVT. We’ll look at annual returns and portfolio growth, as well as at their industry exposure and holdings. Moreover, I’ll also discuss VB’s and GOVT’s risk metrics, fund composition, and performance and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares||iShares U.S. Treasury Bond ETF|
|Category||Small Blend||Intermediate Government|
The Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) is a Small Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 137.72B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.25% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.14% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.
The iShares U.S. Treasury Bond ETF (GOVT) is a Intermediate Government fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 17.07B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 2.67% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.0% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.
VB’s dividend yield is 0.14% higher than that of GOVT (1.14% vs. 1.0%). Also, VB yielded on average 11.58% more per year over the past decade (14.25% vs. 2.67%). VB and GOVT have the same expense ratio: 0.05%.
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|Charles River Laboratories International Inc||0.34%|
|Diamondback Energy Inc||0.31%|
|VICI Properties Inc Ordinary Shares||0.3%|
VB’s Top Holdings are Charles River Laboratories International Inc, Pool Corp, Bio-Techne Corp, Avantor Inc, and PerkinElmer Inc at 0.34%, 0.32%, 0.32%, 0.32%, and 0.31%.
Diamondback Energy Inc (0.31%), VICI Properties Inc Ordinary Shares (0.3%), and IDEX Corp (0.3%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Entegris Inc and Novavax Inc are also represented in the VB’s holdings at 0.3% and 0.29%.
|GOVT Bond Sectors||Weight|
GOVT’s Top Bond Sectors are ratings of AAA, Others, Below B, B, and BB at 100.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0%. The fund is less weighted towards BBB (0.0%), A (0.0%), and AA (0.0%) rated bonds.
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The Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) has a Alpha of -4.02 with a R-squared of 85.03 and a Mean Return of 1.15. Its Sharpe Ratio is 0.74 while VB’s Treynor Ratio is 10.15. Furthermore, the fund has a Beta of 1.21 and a Standard Deviation of 17.82.
The iShares U.S. Treasury Bond ETF (GOVT) has a R-squared of 0 with a Treynor Ratio of 0 and a Alpha of 0. Its Standard Deviation is 0 while GOVT’s Beta is 0. Furthermore, the fund has a Sharpe Ratio of 0 and a Mean Return of 0.
VB’s Mean Return is 1.15 points higher than that of GOVT and its R-squared is 85.03 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 17.82, VB is slightly more volatile than GOVT. The Alpha and Beta of VB are 4.02 points lower and 1.21 points higher than GOVT’s Alpha and Beta.
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VB had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 37.8%. VB’s worst year over the past decade yielded -9.3% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2017, 2012, and 2016 where annual returns amounted to 16.24%, 18.22%, and 18.31% respectively.
The year 2020 was the strongest year for GOVT, returning 7.92% on an annual basis. The poorest year for GOVT in the last ten years was 2013, with a yield of -2.84%. Most years the iShares U.S. Treasury Bond ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2018, 2015, and 2016, when gains were 0.74%, 0.76%, and 0.92% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in VB would have resulted in a final balance of $27,004. This is a profit of $17,004 over 8 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.25%.
With a $10,000 investment in GOVT, the end total would have been $12,297. This equates to a $2,297 profit over 8 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.67%.
VB’s CAGR is 11.58 percentage points higher than that of GOVT and as a result, would have yielded $14,707 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, VB outperformed GOVT by 11.58% annually.
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