The Schwab U.S. Large-Cap ETF (SCHX) and the SPDR Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF Trust (DIA) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. SCHX is a Schwab ETFs Large Blend fund and DIA is a SPDR State Street Global Advisors Large Value fund. So, what’s the difference between SCHX and DIA? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of SCHX is 0.13 percentage points lower than DIA’s (0.03% vs. 0.16%). SCHX also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, SCHX has provided higher returns than DIA over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare SCHX vs. DIA. We’ll look at holdings and fund composition, as well as at their industry exposure and risk metrics. Moreover, I’ll also discuss SCHX’s and DIA’s portfolio growth, performance, and annual returns and examine how these affect their overall returns.
FYI: Another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector is by investing in real estate debt. Groundfloor offers fantastic short-term, high-yield bonds that can add diversification to your portfolio!
|Name||Schwab U.S. Large-Cap ETF||SPDR Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF Trust|
|Category||Large Blend||Large Value|
|Issuer||Schwab ETFs||SPDR State Street Global Advisors|
The Schwab U.S. Large-Cap ETF (SCHX) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by Schwab ETFs. It currently has 30.89B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.60% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.41% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.
The SPDR Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF Trust (DIA) is a Large Value fund that is issued by SPDR State Street Global Advisors. It currently has 30.46B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 13.35% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.61% with an expense ratio of 0.16%.
SCHX’s dividend yield is 0.20% lower than that of DIA (1.41% vs. 1.61%). Also, SCHX yielded on average 1.25% more per year over the past decade (14.60% vs. 13.35%). The expense ratio of SCHX is 0.13 percentage points lower than DIA’s (0.03% vs. 0.16%).
FYI: The best way I've found to invest is through M1 Finance. It's free and you even get an instant line of credit and 100$! Have a look here (link to M1 Finance).
The Schwab U.S. Large-Cap ETF (SCHX) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 25.13%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 13.82% and 13.04% respectively. Utilities (2.37%), Energy (2.72%), and Real Estate (3.13%) only make up 8.22% of the fund’s total assets.
SCHX’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 5.97%, 8.65%, 11.26%, 11.63%, and 13.04%.
The SPDR Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF Trust (DIA) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 20.68%. This is followed by Healthcare and Technology at 17.92% and 17.32% respectively. Utilities (0.0%), Basic Materials (1.21%), and Energy (2.0%) only make up 3.21% of the fund’s total assets.
DIA’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Communication Services, Consumer Defensive, Consumer Cyclical, Industrials, and Technology stocks at 4.42%, 6.3%, 13.44%, 16.7%, and 17.32%.
SCHX is 7.81% more exposed to the Technology sector than DIA (25.13% vs 17.32%). SCHX’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 6.86% lower and 4.88% lower respectively (13.82% vs. 20.68% and 13.04% vs. 17.92%). In total, Utilities, Energy, and Real Estate also make up 6.22% more of the fund’s holdings compared to DIA (8.22% vs. 2.00%).
|Facebook Inc A||2.08%|
|Alphabet Inc A||1.84%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||1.78%|
|Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B||1.32%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||1.18%|
SCHX’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc A, and Alphabet Inc A at 5.37%, 5.1%, 3.69%, 2.08%, and 1.84%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (1.78%), Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.32%), and Tesla Inc (1.31%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the SCHX’s holdings at 1.25% and 1.18%.
|UnitedHealth Group Inc||7.63%|
|Goldman Sachs Group Inc||7.23%|
|The Home Depot Inc||6.07%|
|Visa Inc Class A||4.45%|
|Honeywell International Inc||4.18%|
DIA’s Top Holdings are UnitedHealth Group Inc, Goldman Sachs Group Inc, The Home Depot Inc, Microsoft Corp, and Salesforce.com Inc at 7.63%, 7.23%, 6.07%, 5.16%, and 4.65%.
Amgen Inc (4.64%), Boeing Co (4.56%), and Visa Inc Class A (4.45%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. McDonald’s Corp and Honeywell International Inc are also represented in the DIA’s holdings at 4.4% and 4.18%.
The Schwab U.S. Large-Cap ETF (SCHX) has a Alpha of -0.14 with a R-squared of 99.83 and a Standard Deviation of 13.8. Its Sharpe Ratio is 1.03 while SCHX’s Treynor Ratio is 14.06. Furthermore, the fund has a Mean Return of 1.24 and a Beta of 1.02.
The SPDR Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF Trust (DIA) has a Beta of 0.97 with a Sharpe Ratio of 0.94 and a Treynor Ratio of 13.07. Its Mean Return is 1.13 while DIA’s Standard Deviation is 13.68. Furthermore, the fund has a Alpha of -0.94 and a R-squared of 93.31.
SCHX’s Mean Return is 0.11 points higher than that of DIA and its R-squared is 6.52 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 13.8, SCHX is slightly more volatile than DIA. The Alpha and Beta of SCHX are 0.80 points higher and 0.05 points higher than DIA’s Alpha and Beta.
NOTE: The easiest way to add diversification to your portfolio is to invest in real estate through Fundrise. You can become private real estate investor without the burden of property management! Check it out here (link to Fundrise).
SCHX had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 32.54%. SCHX’s worst year over the past decade yielded -4.52% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Schwab U.S. Large-Cap ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2014, 2010, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 13.33%, 15.88%, and 16.06% respectively.
The year 2013 was the strongest year for DIA, returning 29.41% on an annual basis. The poorest year for DIA in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -3.6%. Most years the SPDR Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF Trust has given investors modest returns, such as in 2014, 2012, and 2010, when gains were 9.88%, 10.04%, and 13.87% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in SCHX would have resulted in a final balance of $36,987. This is a profit of $26,987 over 10 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.60%.
With a $10,000 investment in DIA, the end total would have been $33,341. This equates to a $23,341 profit over 10 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.35%.
SCHX’s CAGR is 1.25 percentage points higher than that of DIA and as a result, would have yielded $3,646 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, SCHX outperformed DIA by 1.25% annually.
Over the past years, I have discovered several tools and products that have helped me tremendously on my path to financial freedom:
P.S.: The links below are affiliate links, which means I receive a small commission at no extra cost to you when you sign up for one of the services. Thank you for your support!
1)Personal Capital is simply the best tool out there to track your net worth and plan for financial freedom. Just their retirement planner alone has become an invaluable tool to keep myself on track financially. Try it out, it's free!
2) Take a look at M1 Finance, my favorite broker. I love how easy it is to invest and maintain my portfolio with them. I can set up automatic transfers, rebalance my portfolio with one click and even borrow up to 35% of my assets at super low interest rates!
3) Fundrise is by far the best way I've found to invest in Real Estate. You can diversify your portfolio by investing in their eREITs or even allocate capital to individual properties (without the hassle of managing tenants!).
4) Groundfloor is another great way to get exposure to the real estate sector by investing in short-term, high-yield real estate debt. Current returns are >10% and you can get started with just $10.
5) If you are interested in startup investing, check out Mainvest. I've started allocating a small amount of assets to invest in and support small businesses. Return targets are between 10-25% and you can start with just $100!
To see all of my most up-to-date recommendations, check out the Recommended Tools section.