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SCHD vs. VHT: What’s The Difference?

The Schwab U.S. Dividend Equity ETF (SCHD) and the Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares (VHT) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. SCHD is a Schwab ETFs Large Value fund and VHT is a Vanguard Health fund. So, what’s the difference between SCHD and VHT? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of SCHD is 0.04 percentage points lower than VHT’s (0.06% vs. 0.1%). SCHD also has a higher exposure to the financial services sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, SCHD has provided lower returns than VHT over the past 8 years.

In this article, we’ll compare SCHD vs. VHT. We’ll look at industry exposure and risk metrics, as well as at their performance and annual returns. Moreover, I’ll also discuss SCHD’s and VHT’s portfolio growth, fund composition, and holdings and examine how these affect their overall returns.

Summary

SCHDVHT
NameSchwab U.S. Dividend Equity ETFVanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares
CategoryLarge ValueHealth
IssuerSchwab ETFsVanguard
AUM26B17.94B
Avg. Return14.80%16.04%
Div. Yield2.89%1.15%
Expense Ratio0.06%0.1%

The Schwab U.S. Dividend Equity ETF (SCHD) is a Large Value fund that is issued by Schwab ETFs. It currently has 26B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.80% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.89% with an expense ratio of 0.06%.

The Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares (VHT) is a Health fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 17.94B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 16.04% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.15% with an expense ratio of 0.1%.

SCHD’s dividend yield is 1.74% higher than that of VHT (2.89% vs. 1.15%). Also, SCHD yielded on average 1.24% less per year over the past decade (14.80% vs. 16.04%). The expense ratio of SCHD is 0.04 percentage points lower than VHT’s (0.06% vs. 0.1%).

Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

SCHD vs. VHT - Industry Exposure

SCHDVHT
Technology16.26%0.05%
Industrials18.05%0.05%
Energy1.87%0.0%
Communication Services4.96%0.0%
Utilities0.0%0.0%
Healthcare12.64%99.57%
Consumer Defensive14.04%0.0%
Real Estate0.0%0.0%
Financial Services21.69%0.02%
Consumer Cyclical8.36%0.0%
Basic Materials2.13%0.31%

The Schwab U.S. Dividend Equity ETF (SCHD) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 21.69%. This is followed by Industrials and Technology at 18.05% and 16.26% respectively. Utilities (0.0%), Energy (1.87%), and Basic Materials (2.13%) only make up 4.00% of the fund’s total assets.

SCHD’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, Healthcare, Consumer Defensive, and Technology stocks at 4.96%, 8.36%, 12.64%, 14.04%, and 16.26%.

The Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares (VHT) has the most exposure to the Healthcare sector at 99.57%. This is followed by Basic Materials and Technology at 0.31% and 0.05% respectively. Real Estate (0.0%), Consumer Defensive (0.0%), and Utilities (0.0%) only make up 0.00% of the fund’s total assets.

VHT’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Communication Services, Energy, Financial Services, Industrials, and Technology stocks at 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.02%, 0.05%, and 0.05%.

SCHD is 21.67% more exposed to the Financial Services sector than VHT (21.69% vs 0.02%). SCHD’s exposure to Industrials and Technology stocks is 18.00% higher and 16.21% higher respectively (18.05% vs. 0.05% and 16.26% vs. 0.05%). In total, Utilities, Energy, and Basic Materials also make up 3.69% more of the fund’s holdings compared to VHT (4.00% vs. 0.31%).

Holdings

SCHD - Holdings

SCHD HoldingsWeight
Merck & Co Inc4.24%
The Home Depot Inc4.19%
Texas Instruments Inc4.16%
Broadcom Inc4.15%
Amgen Inc4.11%
PepsiCo Inc4.09%
BlackRock Inc4.05%
Pfizer Inc3.97%
Verizon Communications Inc3.96%
Cisco Systems Inc3.96%

SCHD’s Top Holdings are Merck & Co Inc, The Home Depot Inc, Texas Instruments Inc, Broadcom Inc, and Amgen Inc at 4.24%, 4.19%, 4.16%, 4.15%, and 4.11%.

PepsiCo Inc (4.09%), BlackRock Inc (4.05%), and Pfizer Inc (3.97%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Verizon Communications Inc and Cisco Systems Inc are also represented in the SCHD’s holdings at 3.96% and 3.96%.

VHT - Holdings

VHT HoldingsWeight
Johnson & Johnson7.34%
UnitedHealth Group Inc6.44%
Pfizer Inc3.7%
Abbott Laboratories3.48%
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc3.37%
AbbVie Inc3.37%
Merck & Co Inc3.33%
Eli Lilly and Co3.17%
Danaher Corp2.91%
Medtronic PLC2.83%

VHT’s Top Holdings are Johnson & Johnson, UnitedHealth Group Inc, Pfizer Inc, Abbott Laboratories, and Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc at 7.34%, 6.44%, 3.7%, 3.48%, and 3.37%.

AbbVie Inc (3.37%), Merck & Co Inc (3.33%), and Eli Lilly and Co (3.17%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Danaher Corp and Medtronic PLC are also represented in the VHT’s holdings at 2.91% and 2.83%.

Risk Analysis

SCHDVHT
Mean Return01.33
R-squared059.86
Std. Deviation013.58
Alpha07.99
Beta00.75
Sharpe Ratio01.13
Treynor Ratio020.74

The Schwab U.S. Dividend Equity ETF (SCHD) has a R-squared of 0 with a Alpha of 0 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0. Its Beta is 0 while SCHD’s Mean Return is 0. Furthermore, the fund has a Standard Deviation of 0 and a Treynor Ratio of 0.

The Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares (VHT) has a Sharpe Ratio of 1.13 with a Alpha of 7.99 and a Standard Deviation of 13.58. Its Beta is 0.75 while VHT’s Treynor Ratio is 20.74. Furthermore, the fund has a R-squared of 59.86 and a Mean Return of 1.33.

SCHD’s Mean Return is 1.33 points lower than that of VHT and its R-squared is 59.86 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 0, SCHD is slightly less volatile than VHT. The Alpha and Beta of SCHD are 7.99 points lower and 0.75 points lower than VHT’s Alpha and Beta.

Performance

Annual Returns

SCHD vs. VHT - Annual Returns

YearSCHDVHT
202015.11%18.21%
201927.28%21.97%
2018-5.46%5.55%
201720.88%23.34%
201616.25%-3.33%
2015-0.21%7.22%
201411.66%25.38%
201332.9%42.67%
201211.4%19.1%
20110.0%10.57%
20100.0%5.75%

SCHD had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 32.9%. SCHD’s worst year over the past decade yielded -5.46% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Schwab U.S. Dividend Equity ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2012, 2014, and 2020 where annual returns amounted to 11.4%, 11.66%, and 15.11% respectively.

The year 2013 was the strongest year for VHT, returning 42.67% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VHT in the last ten years was 2016, with a yield of -3.33%. Most years the Vanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2011, 2020, and 2012, when gains were 10.57%, 18.21%, and 19.1% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

SCHD vs. VHT - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
SCHD$10,000$28,82314.80%
VHT$10,000$34,80116.04%

A $10,000 investment in SCHD would have resulted in a final balance of $28,823. This is a profit of $18,823 over 8 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.80%.

With a $10,000 investment in VHT, the end total would have been $34,801. This equates to a $24,801 profit over 8 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16.04%.

SCHD’s CAGR is 1.24 percentage points lower than that of VHT and as a result, would have yielded $5,978 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, SCHD performed worse than VHT by 1.24% annually.


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