The Invesco QQQ Trust (QQQ) and the Vanguard Short-Term Inflation-Protected Securities Index Fund ETF Shares (VTIP) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. QQQ is a Invesco Large Growth fund and VTIP is a Vanguard Inflation-Protected Bond fund. So, what’s the difference between QQQ and VTIP? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of QQQ is 0.15 percentage points higher than VTIP’s (0.2% vs. 0.05%). QQQ also has a high exposure to the technology sector while VTIP is mostly comprised of AAA bonds. Overall, QQQ has provided higher returns than VTIP over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare QQQ vs. VTIP. We’ll look at holdings and performance, as well as at their fund composition and portfolio growth. Moreover, I’ll also discuss QQQ’s and VTIP’s industry exposure, annual returns, and risk metrics and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Invesco QQQ Trust||Vanguard Short-Term Inflation-Protected Securities Index Fund ETF Shares|
|Category||Large Growth||Inflation-Protected Bond|
The Invesco QQQ Trust (QQQ) is a Large Growth fund that is issued by Invesco. It currently has 174.51B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 21.27% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.49% with an expense ratio of 0.2%.
The Vanguard Short-Term Inflation-Protected Securities Index Fund ETF Shares (VTIP) is a Inflation-Protected Bond fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 50.67B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 1.79% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.35% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.
QQQ’s dividend yield is 0.86% lower than that of VTIP (0.49% vs. 1.35%). Also, QQQ yielded on average 19.48% more per year over the past decade (21.27% vs. 1.79%). The expense ratio of QQQ is 0.15 percentage points higher than VTIP’s (0.2% vs. 0.05%).
|Facebook Inc Class A||4.01%|
|Facebook Inc A||4.01%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||3.9%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||3.53%|
|Alphabet Inc A||3.53%|
QQQ’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Facebook Inc A at 11.0%, 9.82%, 8.35%, 4.01%, and 4.01%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (3.9%), Tesla Inc (3.9%), and NVIDIA Corp (3.65%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Alphabet Inc Class A and Alphabet Inc A are also represented in the QQQ’s holdings at 3.53% and 3.53%.
|VTIP Bond Sectors||Weight|
VTIP’s Top Bond Sectors are ratings of AAA, Others, Below B, B, and BB at 99.87%, 0.13%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0%. The fund is less weighted towards BBB (0.0%), A (0.0%), and AA (0.0%) rated bonds.
QQQ had its best year in 2020 with an annual return of 48.6%. QQQ’s worst year over the past decade yielded -0.14% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Invesco QQQ Trust provided moderate returns such as in 2012, 2014, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 18.09%, 19.12%, and 19.89% respectively.
The year 2020 was the strongest year for VTIP, returning 4.97% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VTIP in the last ten years was 2013, with a yield of -1.55%. Most years the Vanguard Short-Term Inflation-Protected Securities Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2011, 2010, and 2018, when gains were 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.54% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in QQQ would have resulted in a final balance of $38,251. This is a profit of $28,251 over 7 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 21.27%.
With a $10,000 investment in VTIP, the end total would have been $11,305. This equates to a $1,305 profit over 7 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.79%.
QQQ’s CAGR is 19.48 percentage points higher than that of VTIP and as a result, would have yielded $26,946 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, QQQ outperformed VTIP by 19.48% annually.
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