The Invesco QQQ Trust (QQQ) and the iShares MSCI ACWI ETF (ACWI) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. QQQ is a Invesco Large Growth fund and ACWI is a iShares N/A fund. So, what’s the difference between QQQ and ACWI? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of QQQ is 0.12 percentage points lower than ACWI’s (0.2% vs. 0.32%). QQQ also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, QQQ has provided higher returns than ACWI over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare QQQ vs. ACWI. We’ll look at fund composition and annual returns, as well as at their risk metrics and performance. Moreover, I’ll also discuss QQQ’s and ACWI’s portfolio growth, industry exposure, and holdings and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|NameInvesco QQQ TrustiShares MSCI ACWI ETF|
The Invesco QQQ Trust (QQQ) is a Large Growth fund that is issued by Invesco. It currently has 174.51B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 21.27% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.49% with an expense ratio of 0.2%.
The iShares MSCI ACWI ETF (ACWI) is a N/A fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 16.85B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 10.21% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.39% with an expense ratio of 0.32%.
QQQ’s dividend yield is 0.90% lower than that of ACWI (0.49% vs. 1.39%). Also, QQQ yielded on average 11.06% more per year over the past decade (21.27% vs. 10.21%). The expense ratio of QQQ is 0.12 percentage points lower than ACWI’s (0.2% vs. 0.32%).
The Invesco QQQ Trust (QQQ) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 45.46%. This is followed by Communication Services and Consumer Cyclical at 19.55% and 17.27% respectively. Real Estate (0.0%), Energy (0.0%), and Utilities (0.89%) only make up 0.89% of the fund’s total assets.
QQQ’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Financial Services, Industrials, Consumer Defensive, Healthcare, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 2.51%, 2.61%, 4.68%, 7.04%, and 17.27%.
The iShares MSCI ACWI ETF (ACWI) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 20.41%. This is followed by Financial Services and Consumer Cyclical at 15.58% and 12.01% respectively. Real Estate (2.75%), Energy (3.48%), and Basic Materials (4.73%) only make up 10.96% of the fund’s total assets.
ACWI’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Healthcare, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 7.15%, 9.65%, 9.87%, 11.74%, and 12.01%.
QQQ is 25.05% more exposed to the Technology sector than ACWI (45.46% vs 20.41%). QQQ’s exposure to Communication Services and Consumer Cyclical stocks is 9.68% higher and 5.26% higher respectively (19.55% vs. 9.87% and 17.27% vs. 12.01%). In total, Real Estate, Energy, and Utilities also make up 7.95% less of the fund’s holdings compared to ACWI (0.89% vs. 8.84%).
|Facebook Inc Class A||4.01%|
|Facebook Inc A||4.01%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||3.9%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||3.53%|
|Alphabet Inc A||3.53%|
QQQ’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Facebook Inc A at 11.0%, 9.82%, 8.35%, 4.01%, and 4.01%.
Alphabet Inc Class C (3.9%), Tesla Inc (3.9%), and NVIDIA Corp (3.65%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Alphabet Inc Class A and Alphabet Inc A are also represented in the QQQ’s holdings at 3.53% and 3.53%.
|Facebook Inc A||1.25%|
|Alphabet Inc Class C||1.12%|
|Alphabet Inc A||1.09%|
|Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd||0.79%|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||0.71%|
ACWI’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc A, and Alphabet Inc Class C at 3.44%, 2.91%, 2.21%, 1.25%, and 1.12%.
Alphabet Inc A (1.09%), Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd (0.79%), and Tesla Inc (0.78%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the ACWI’s holdings at 0.74% and 0.71%.
QQQ had its best year in 2020 with an annual return of 48.6%. QQQ’s worst year over the past decade yielded -0.14% and occurred in 2018. In most years the Invesco QQQ Trust provided moderate returns such as in 2012, 2014, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 18.09%, 19.12%, and 19.89% respectively.
The year 2019 was the strongest year for ACWI, returning 26.7% on an annual basis. The poorest year for ACWI in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.15%. Most years the iShares MSCI ACWI ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2016, 2010, and 2012, when gains were 8.22%, 12.31%, and 15.99% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in QQQ would have resulted in a final balance of $76,522. This is a profit of $66,522 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 21.27%.
With a $10,000 investment in ACWI, the end total would have been $27,241. This equates to a $17,241 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.21%.
QQQ’s CAGR is 11.06 percentage points higher than that of ACWI and as a result, would have yielded $49,281 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, QQQ outperformed ACWI by 11.06% annually.
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