MBB vs. TQQQ: What’s The Difference?

The iShares MBS ETF (MBB) and the ProShares UltraPro QQQ (TQQQ) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. MBB is a iShares Intermediate Government fund and TQQQ is a ProShares Trading–Leveraged Equity fund. So, what’s the difference between MBB and TQQQ? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of MBB is 0.89 percentage points lower than TQQQ’s (0.06% vs. 0.95%). MBB is mostly comprised of AAA bonds while TQQQ has a high exposure to the technology sector. Overall, MBB has provided lower returns than TQQQ over the past 10 years.

In this article, we’ll compare MBB vs. TQQQ. We’ll look at risk metrics and holdings, as well as at their industry exposure and portfolio growth. Moreover, I’ll also discuss MBB’s and TQQQ’s annual returns, fund composition, and performance and examine how these affect their overall returns.

Summary

MBB TQQQ
Name iShares MBS ETF ProShares UltraPro QQQ
Category Intermediate Government Trading–Leveraged Equity
Issuer iShares ProShares
AUM 25.69B 12.41B
Avg. Return 3.08% 61.22%
Div. Yield 1.88% 0.0%
Expense Ratio 0.06% 0.95%

The iShares MBS ETF (MBB) is a Intermediate Government fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 25.69B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 3.08% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.88% with an expense ratio of 0.06%.

The ProShares UltraPro QQQ (TQQQ) is a Trading–Leveraged Equity fund that is issued by ProShares. It currently has 12.41B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 61.22% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.0% with an expense ratio of 0.95%.

MBB’s dividend yield is 1.88% higher than that of TQQQ (1.88% vs. 0.0%). Also, MBB yielded on average 58.15% less per year over the past decade (3.08% vs. 61.22%). The expense ratio of MBB is 0.89 percentage points lower than TQQQ’s (0.06% vs. 0.95%).

Fund Composition

Holdings

MBB - Holdings

MBB Bond Sectors Weight
AAA 99.51%
Others 0.49%
Below B 0.0%
B 0.0%
BB 0.0%
BBB 0.0%
A 0.0%
AA 0.0%
US Government 0.0%

MBB’s Top Bond Sectors are ratings of AAA, Others, Below B, B, and BB at 99.51%, 0.49%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0%. The fund is less weighted towards BBB (0.0%), A (0.0%), and AA (0.0%) rated bonds.

TQQQ - Holdings

TQQQ Holdings Weight
Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Goldman Sachs International 45.11%
Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Societe Generale 44.73%
Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Bnp Paribas 38.05%
Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Bank Of America Na 31.53%
Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Citibank Na 31.49%
Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Jp Morgan Securities 26.2%
Apple Inc 7.49%
Microsoft Corp 6.69%
Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Credit Suisse International 5.9%
Amazon.com Inc 5.68%

TQQQ’s Top Holdings are Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Goldman Sachs International, Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Societe Generale, Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Bnp Paribas, Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Bank Of America Na, and Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Citibank Na at 45.11%, 44.73%, 38.05%, 31.53%, and 31.49%.

Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Jp Morgan Securities (26.2%), Apple Inc (7.49%), and Microsoft Corp (6.69%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Nasdaq 100 Index Swap Credit Suisse International and Amazon.com Inc are also represented in the TQQQ’s holdings at 5.9% and 5.68%.

Risk Analysis

MBB TQQQ
Mean Return 0.2 4.65
R-squared 74.38 83.64
Std. Deviation 2.12 50.08
Alpha 0.14 7.29
Beta 0.6 3.37
Sharpe Ratio 0.87 1.1
Treynor Ratio 3.02 15.65

The iShares MBS ETF (MBB) has a Treynor Ratio of 3.02 with a Sharpe Ratio of 0.87 and a Mean Return of 0.2. Its R-squared is 74.38 while MBB’s Beta is 0.6. Furthermore, the fund has a Standard Deviation of 2.12 and a Alpha of 0.14.

The ProShares UltraPro QQQ (TQQQ) has a Standard Deviation of 50.08 with a Mean Return of 4.65 and a Sharpe Ratio of 1.1. Its Alpha is 7.29 while TQQQ’s Beta is 3.37. Furthermore, the fund has a R-squared of 83.64 and a Treynor Ratio of 15.65.

MBB’s Mean Return is 4.45 points lower than that of TQQQ and its R-squared is 9.26 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 2.12, MBB is slightly less volatile than TQQQ. The Alpha and Beta of MBB are 7.15 points lower and 2.77 points lower than TQQQ’s Alpha and Beta.

Performance

Annual Returns

MBB vs. TQQQ - Annual Returns

Year MBB TQQQ
2020 4.03% 109.85%
2019 6.27% 133.93%
2018 0.81% -19.65%
2017 2.37% 118.65%
2016 1.28% 11.04%
2015 1.28% 17.41%
2014 6.16% 56.82%
2013 -1.92% 139.98%
2012 2.23% 51.95%
2011 5.88% -7.77%
2010 5.44% 0.0%

MBB had its best year in 2019 with an annual return of 6.27%. MBB’s worst year over the past decade yielded -1.92% and occurred in 2013. In most years the iShares MBS ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2012, 2017, and 2020 where annual returns amounted to 2.23%, 2.37%, and 4.03% respectively.

The year 2013 was the strongest year for TQQQ, returning 139.98% on an annual basis. The poorest year for TQQQ in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -19.65%. Most years the ProShares UltraPro QQQ has given investors modest returns, such as in 2015, 2012, and 2014, when gains were 17.41%, 51.95%, and 56.82% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

MBB vs. TQQQ - Portfolio Growth

Fund Initial Balance Final Balance CAGR
MBB $10,000 $13,189 3.08%
TQQQ $10,000 $593,012 61.22%

A $10,000 investment in MBB would have resulted in a final balance of $13,189. This is a profit of $3,189 over 10 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.08%.

With a $10,000 investment in TQQQ, the end total would have been $593,012. This equates to a $583,012 profit over 10 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 61.22%.

MBB’s CAGR is 58.15 percentage points lower than that of TQQQ and as a result, would have yielded $579,823 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, MBB performed worse than TQQQ by 58.15% annually.


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