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IWB vs. VBR: What’s The Difference?

The iShares Russell 1000 ETF (IWB) and the Vanguard Small-Cap Value Index Fund ETF Shares (VBR) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. IWB is a iShares Large Blend fund and VBR is a Vanguard Small Value fund. So, what’s the difference between IWB and VBR? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of IWB is 0.08 percentage points higher than VBR’s (0.15% vs. 0.07%). IWB also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, IWB has provided higher returns than VBR over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare IWB vs. VBR. We’ll look at holdings and risk metrics, as well as at their portfolio growth and performance. Moreover, I’ll also discuss IWB’s and VBR’s industry exposure, annual returns, and fund composition and examine how these affect their overall returns.

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Summary

IWBVBR
NameiShares Russell 1000 ETFVanguard Small-Cap Value Index Fund ETF Shares
CategoryLarge BlendSmall Value
IssueriSharesVanguard
AUM30.54B48.08B
Avg. Return14.64%12.28%
Div. Yield1.14%1.6%
Expense Ratio0.15%0.07%

The iShares Russell 1000 ETF (IWB) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 30.54B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.64% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.14% with an expense ratio of 0.15%.

The Vanguard Small-Cap Value Index Fund ETF Shares (VBR) is a Small Value fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 48.08B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 12.28% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.6% with an expense ratio of 0.07%.

IWB’s dividend yield is 0.46% lower than that of VBR (1.14% vs. 1.6%). Also, IWB yielded on average 2.35% more per year over the past decade (14.64% vs. 12.28%). The expense ratio of IWB is 0.08 percentage points higher than VBR’s (0.15% vs. 0.07%).

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Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

IWB vs. VBR - Industry Exposure

IWBVBR
Technology25.33%8.39%
Industrials8.88%18.44%
Energy2.44%5.15%
Communication Services10.83%1.77%
Utilities2.36%3.65%
Healthcare13.35%7.16%
Consumer Defensive5.97%4.36%
Real Estate3.34%10.92%
Financial Services13.64%20.04%
Consumer Cyclical11.85%13.82%
Basic Materials2.02%6.31%

The iShares Russell 1000 ETF (IWB) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 25.33%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 13.64% and 13.35% respectively. Utilities (2.36%), Energy (2.44%), and Real Estate (3.34%) only make up 8.14% of the fund’s total assets.

IWB’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 5.97%, 8.88%, 10.83%, 11.85%, and 13.35%.

The Vanguard Small-Cap Value Index Fund ETF Shares (VBR) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 20.04%. This is followed by Industrials and Consumer Cyclical at 18.44% and 13.82% respectively. Utilities (3.65%), Consumer Defensive (4.36%), and Energy (5.15%) only make up 13.16% of the fund’s total assets.

VBR’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Healthcare, Technology, Real Estate, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 6.31%, 7.16%, 8.39%, 10.92%, and 13.82%.

IWB is 16.94% more exposed to the Technology sector than VBR (25.33% vs 8.39%). IWB’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 6.40% lower and 6.19% higher respectively (13.64% vs. 20.04% and 13.35% vs. 7.16%). In total, Utilities, Energy, and Real Estate also make up 11.58% less of the fund’s holdings compared to VBR (8.14% vs. 19.72%).

Holdings

IWB - Holdings

IWB HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc5.45%
Microsoft Corp5.11%
Amazon.com Inc3.43%
Facebook Inc Class A2.03%
Alphabet Inc Class A1.93%
Alphabet Inc Class C1.82%
Tesla Inc1.27%
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B1.24%
NVIDIA Corp1.11%
JPMorgan Chase & Co1.09%

IWB’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 5.45%, 5.11%, 3.43%, 2.03%, and 1.93%.

Alphabet Inc Class C (1.82%), Tesla Inc (1.27%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.24%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the IWB’s holdings at 1.11% and 1.09%.

VBR - Holdings

VBR HoldingsWeight
Diamondback Energy Inc0.55%
VICI Properties Inc Ordinary Shares0.54%
IDEX Corp0.54%
Nuance Communications Inc0.5%
Molina Healthcare Inc0.48%
Signature Bank0.46%
Novavax Inc0.44%
Howmet Aerospace Inc0.44%
Apollo Global Management Inc Class A0.42%
Brown & Brown Inc0.41%

VBR’s Top Holdings are Diamondback Energy Inc, VICI Properties Inc Ordinary Shares, IDEX Corp, Nuance Communications Inc, and Molina Healthcare Inc at 0.55%, 0.54%, 0.54%, 0.5%, and 0.48%.

Signature Bank (0.46%), Novavax Inc (0.44%), and Howmet Aerospace Inc (0.44%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Apollo Global Management Inc Class A and Brown & Brown Inc are also represented in the VBR’s holdings at 0.42% and 0.41%.

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Risk Analysis

IWBVBR
Mean Return1.271.08
R-squared99.7382.2
Std. Deviation13.8718.37
Alpha-0.38-5.09
Beta1.021.23
Sharpe Ratio1.050.67
Treynor Ratio14.319.15

The iShares Russell 1000 ETF (IWB) has a Beta of 1.02 with a Standard Deviation of 13.87 and a Mean Return of 1.27. Its Treynor Ratio is 14.31 while IWB’s Sharpe Ratio is 1.05. Furthermore, the fund has a R-squared of 99.73 and a Alpha of -0.38.

The Vanguard Small-Cap Value Index Fund ETF Shares (VBR) has a Standard Deviation of 18.37 with a Mean Return of 1.08 and a Treynor Ratio of 9.15. Its R-squared is 82.2 while VBR’s Sharpe Ratio is 0.67. Furthermore, the fund has a Alpha of -5.09 and a Beta of 1.23.

IWB’s Mean Return is 0.19 points higher than that of VBR and its R-squared is 17.53 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 13.87, IWB is slightly less volatile than VBR. The Alpha and Beta of IWB are 4.71 points higher and 0.21 points lower than VBR’s Alpha and Beta.

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Performance

Annual Returns

IWB vs. VBR - Annual Returns

YearIWBVBR
202020.8%5.82%
201931.26%22.76%
2018-4.91%-12.22%
201721.53%11.79%
201611.91%24.8%
20150.82%-4.67%
201413.08%10.55%
201332.93%36.57%
201216.27%18.78%
20111.36%-4.05%
201015.94%24.97%

IWB had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 32.93%. IWB’s worst year over the past decade yielded -4.91% and occurred in 2018. In most years the iShares Russell 1000 ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2014, 2010, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 13.08%, 15.94%, and 16.27% respectively.

The year 2013 was the strongest year for VBR, returning 36.57% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VBR in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -12.22%. Most years the Vanguard Small-Cap Value Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2014, 2017, and 2012, when gains were 10.55%, 11.79%, and 18.78% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

IWB vs. VBR - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
IWB$10,000$42,46214.64%
VBR$10,000$32,61112.28%

A $10,000 investment in IWB would have resulted in a final balance of $42,462. This is a profit of $32,462 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.64%.

With a $10,000 investment in VBR, the end total would have been $32,611. This equates to a $22,611 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.28%.

IWB’s CAGR is 2.35 percentage points higher than that of VBR and as a result, would have yielded $9,851 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, IWB outperformed VBR by 2.35% annually.


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