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IWB vs. EEM: What’s The Difference?

The iShares Russell 1000 ETF (IWB) and the iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (EEM) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. IWB is a iShares Large Blend fund and EEM is a iShares Diversified Emerging Mkts fund. So, what’s the difference between IWB and EEM? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of IWB is 0.53 percentage points lower than EEM’s (0.15% vs. 0.68%). IWB also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, IWB has provided higher returns than EEM over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare IWB vs. EEM. We’ll look at risk metrics and performance, as well as at their holdings and portfolio growth. Moreover, I’ll also discuss IWB’s and EEM’s fund composition, industry exposure, and annual returns and examine how these affect their overall returns.

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Summary

IWBEEM
NameiShares Russell 1000 ETFiShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF
CategoryLarge BlendDiversified Emerging Mkts
IssueriSharesiShares
AUM30.54B30.33B
Avg. Return14.64%5.47%
Div. Yield1.14%1.48%
Expense Ratio0.15%0.68%

The iShares Russell 1000 ETF (IWB) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 30.54B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.64% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.14% with an expense ratio of 0.15%.

The iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (EEM) is a Diversified Emerging Mkts fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 30.33B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 5.47% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.48% with an expense ratio of 0.68%.

IWB’s dividend yield is 0.34% lower than that of EEM (1.14% vs. 1.48%). Also, IWB yielded on average 9.16% more per year over the past decade (14.64% vs. 5.47%). The expense ratio of IWB is 0.53 percentage points lower than EEM’s (0.15% vs. 0.68%).

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Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

IWB vs. EEM - Industry Exposure

IWBEEM
Technology25.33%21.36%
Industrials8.88%4.61%
Energy2.44%5.17%
Communication Services10.83%11.76%
Utilities2.36%1.99%
Healthcare13.35%5.06%
Consumer Defensive5.97%5.45%
Real Estate3.34%1.98%
Financial Services13.64%18.39%
Consumer Cyclical11.85%15.16%
Basic Materials2.02%9.07%

The iShares Russell 1000 ETF (IWB) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 25.33%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 13.64% and 13.35% respectively. Utilities (2.36%), Energy (2.44%), and Real Estate (3.34%) only make up 8.14% of the fund’s total assets.

IWB’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 5.97%, 8.88%, 10.83%, 11.85%, and 13.35%.

The iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (EEM) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 21.36%. This is followed by Financial Services and Consumer Cyclical at 18.39% and 15.16% respectively. Utilities (1.99%), Industrials (4.61%), and Healthcare (5.06%) only make up 11.66% of the fund’s total assets.

EEM’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Energy, Consumer Defensive, Basic Materials, Communication Services, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 5.17%, 5.45%, 9.07%, 11.76%, and 15.16%.

IWB is 3.97% more exposed to the Technology sector than EEM (25.33% vs 21.36%). IWB’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 4.75% lower and 8.29% higher respectively (13.64% vs. 18.39% and 13.35% vs. 5.06%). In total, Utilities, Energy, and Real Estate also make up 1.00% less of the fund’s holdings compared to EEM (8.14% vs. 9.14%).

Holdings

IWB - Holdings

IWB HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc5.45%
Microsoft Corp5.11%
Amazon.com Inc3.43%
Facebook Inc Class A2.03%
Alphabet Inc Class A1.93%
Alphabet Inc Class C1.82%
Tesla Inc1.27%
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B1.24%
NVIDIA Corp1.11%
JPMorgan Chase & Co1.09%

IWB’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 5.45%, 5.11%, 3.43%, 2.03%, and 1.93%.

Alphabet Inc Class C (1.82%), Tesla Inc (1.27%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.24%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the IWB’s holdings at 1.11% and 1.09%.

EEM - Holdings

EEM HoldingsWeight
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd6.36%
Alibaba Group Holding Ltd Ordinary Shares4.58%
Tencent Holdings Ltd4.41%
Samsung Electronics Co Ltd4.05%
Meituan1.24%
Vale SA1.04%
Naspers Ltd Class N1.04%
Reliance Industries Ltd Shs Dematerialised0.97%
Infosys Ltd0.92%
China Construction Bank Corp Class H0.83%

EEM’s Top Holdings are Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd, Alibaba Group Holding Ltd Ordinary Shares, Tencent Holdings Ltd, Samsung Electronics Co Ltd, and Meituan at 6.36%, 4.58%, 4.41%, 4.05%, and 1.24%.

Vale SA (1.04%), Naspers Ltd Class N (1.04%), and Reliance Industries Ltd Shs Dematerialised (0.97%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Infosys Ltd and China Construction Bank Corp Class H are also represented in the EEM’s holdings at 0.92% and 0.83%.

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Risk Analysis

IWBEEM
Mean Return1.270.38
R-squared99.7383.5
Std. Deviation13.8717.79
Alpha-0.38-2.33
Beta1.021.08
Sharpe Ratio1.050.22
Treynor Ratio14.312.22

The iShares Russell 1000 ETF (IWB) has a R-squared of 99.73 with a Beta of 1.02 and a Treynor Ratio of 14.31. Its Standard Deviation is 13.87 while IWB’s Mean Return is 1.27. Furthermore, the fund has a Sharpe Ratio of 1.05 and a Alpha of -0.38.

The iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (EEM) has a Beta of 1.08 with a Mean Return of 0.38 and a Standard Deviation of 17.79. Its Sharpe Ratio is 0.22 while EEM’s Treynor Ratio is 2.22. Furthermore, the fund has a Alpha of -2.33 and a R-squared of 83.5.

IWB’s Mean Return is 0.89 points higher than that of EEM and its R-squared is 16.23 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 13.87, IWB is slightly less volatile than EEM. The Alpha and Beta of IWB are 1.95 points higher and 0.06 points lower than EEM’s Alpha and Beta.

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Performance

Annual Returns

IWB vs. EEM - Annual Returns

YearIWBEEM
202020.8%17.56%
201931.26%17.67%
2018-4.91%-14.98%
201721.53%36.42%
201611.91%10.51%
20150.82%-15.41%
201413.08%-2.82%
201332.93%-3.14%
201216.27%17.32%
20111.36%-18.87%
201015.94%15.93%

IWB had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 32.93%. IWB’s worst year over the past decade yielded -4.91% and occurred in 2018. In most years the iShares Russell 1000 ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2014, 2010, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 13.08%, 15.94%, and 16.27% respectively.

The year 2017 was the strongest year for EEM, returning 36.42% on an annual basis. The poorest year for EEM in the last ten years was 2011, with a yield of -18.87%. Most years the iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2014, 2016, and 2010, when gains were -2.82%, 10.51%, and 15.93% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

IWB vs. EEM - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
IWB$10,000$42,46214.64%
EEM$10,000$15,5785.47%

A $10,000 investment in IWB would have resulted in a final balance of $42,462. This is a profit of $32,462 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.64%.

With a $10,000 investment in EEM, the end total would have been $15,578. This equates to a $5,578 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.47%.

IWB’s CAGR is 9.16 percentage points higher than that of EEM and as a result, would have yielded $26,884 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, IWB outperformed EEM by 9.16% annually.


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