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IVW vs. XLE: What’s The Difference?

The iShares S&P 500 Growth ETF (IVW) and the Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLE) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. IVW is a iShares Large Growth fund and XLE is a SPDR State Street Global Advisors Equity Energy fund. So, what’s the difference between IVW and XLE? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of IVW is 0.06 percentage points higher than XLE’s (0.18% vs. 0.12%). IVW also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, IVW has provided higher returns than XLE over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare IVW vs. XLE. We’ll look at industry exposure and holdings, as well as at their performance and annual returns. Moreover, I’ll also discuss IVW’s and XLE’s risk metrics, portfolio growth, and fund composition and examine how these affect their overall returns.

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Summary

IVWXLE
NameiShares S&P 500 Growth ETFEnergy Select Sector SPDR Fund
CategoryLarge GrowthEquity Energy
IssueriSharesSPDR State Street Global Advisors
AUM35.72B25.55B
Avg. Return16.74%1.28%
Div. Yield0.61%3.92%
Expense Ratio0.18%0.12%

The iShares S&P 500 Growth ETF (IVW) is a Large Growth fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 35.72B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 16.74% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.61% with an expense ratio of 0.18%.

The Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLE) is a Equity Energy fund that is issued by SPDR State Street Global Advisors. It currently has 25.55B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 1.28% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 3.92% with an expense ratio of 0.12%.

IVW’s dividend yield is 3.31% lower than that of XLE (0.61% vs. 3.92%). Also, IVW yielded on average 15.46% more per year over the past decade (16.74% vs. 1.28%). The expense ratio of IVW is 0.06 percentage points higher than XLE’s (0.18% vs. 0.12%).

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Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

IVW vs. XLE - Industry Exposure

IVWXLE
Technology37.8%0.0%
Industrials5.72%0.0%
Energy0.06%100.0%
Communication Services15.44%0.0%
Utilities0.47%0.0%
Healthcare11.88%0.0%
Consumer Defensive3.84%0.0%
Real Estate1.11%0.0%
Financial Services6.78%0.0%
Consumer Cyclical15.25%0.0%
Basic Materials1.65%0.0%

The iShares S&P 500 Growth ETF (IVW) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 37.8%. This is followed by Communication Services and Consumer Cyclical at 15.44% and 15.25% respectively. Utilities (0.47%), Real Estate (1.11%), and Basic Materials (1.65%) only make up 3.23% of the fund’s total assets.

IVW’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Financial Services, Healthcare, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 3.84%, 5.72%, 6.78%, 11.88%, and 15.25%.

The Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLE) has the most exposure to the Energy sector at 100.0%. This is followed by Technology and Industrials at 0.0% and 0.0% respectively. Consumer Cyclical (0.0%), Financial Services (0.0%), and Real Estate (0.0%) only make up 0.00% of the fund’s total assets.

XLE’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Healthcare, Utilities, Communication Services, and Industrials stocks at 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0%.

IVW is 37.80% more exposed to the Technology sector than XLE (37.8% vs 0.0%). IVW’s exposure to Communication Services and Consumer Cyclical stocks is 15.44% higher and 15.25% higher respectively (15.44% vs. 0.0% and 15.25% vs. 0.0%). In total, Utilities, Real Estate, and Basic Materials also make up 3.23% more of the fund’s holdings compared to XLE (3.23% vs. 0.00%).

Holdings

IVW - Holdings

IVW HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc11.46%
Microsoft Corp10.75%
Amazon.com Inc7.14%
Facebook Inc Class A4.28%
Alphabet Inc Class A4.06%
Alphabet Inc Class C3.86%
Tesla Inc2.65%
NVIDIA Corp2.43%
PayPal Holdings Inc1.62%
Adobe Inc1.49%

IVW’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 11.46%, 10.75%, 7.14%, 4.28%, and 4.06%.

Alphabet Inc Class C (3.86%), Tesla Inc (2.65%), and NVIDIA Corp (2.43%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. PayPal Holdings Inc and Adobe Inc are also represented in the IVW’s holdings at 1.62% and 1.49%.

XLE - Holdings

XLE HoldingsWeight
Exxon Mobil Corp23.7%
Chevron Corp20.03%
ConocoPhillips4.64%
EOG Resources Inc4.46%
Schlumberger Ltd4.43%
Marathon Petroleum Corp4.17%
Pioneer Natural Resources Co4.08%
Phillips 664.07%
Kinder Morgan Inc Class P3.85%
Williams Companies Inc3.5%

XLE’s Top Holdings are Exxon Mobil Corp, Chevron Corp, ConocoPhillips, EOG Resources Inc, and Schlumberger Ltd at 23.7%, 20.03%, 4.64%, 4.46%, and 4.43%.

Marathon Petroleum Corp (4.17%), Pioneer Natural Resources Co (4.08%), and Phillips 66 (4.07%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Kinder Morgan Inc Class P and Williams Companies Inc are also represented in the XLE’s holdings at 3.85% and 3.5%.

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Risk Analysis

IVWXLE
Mean Return1.440.32
R-squared93.8261.84
Std. Deviation13.7727.52
Alpha2.19-11.98
Beta0.981.54
Sharpe Ratio1.210.12
Treynor Ratio17.24-0.4

The iShares S&P 500 Growth ETF (IVW) has a Standard Deviation of 13.77 with a Alpha of 2.19 and a Sharpe Ratio of 1.21. Its Treynor Ratio is 17.24 while IVW’s Mean Return is 1.44. Furthermore, the fund has a R-squared of 93.82 and a Beta of 0.98.

The Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLE) has a Sharpe Ratio of 0.12 with a R-squared of 61.84 and a Mean Return of 0.32. Its Treynor Ratio is -0.4 while XLE’s Beta is 1.54. Furthermore, the fund has a Standard Deviation of 27.52 and a Alpha of -11.98.

IVW’s Mean Return is 1.12 points higher than that of XLE and its R-squared is 31.98 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 13.77, IVW is slightly less volatile than XLE. The Alpha and Beta of IVW are 14.17 points higher and 0.56 points lower than XLE’s Alpha and Beta.

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Performance

Annual Returns

IVW vs. XLE - Annual Returns

YearIVWXLE
202033.21%-32.56%
201930.91%11.87%
2018-0.17%-18.1%
201727.2%-1.01%
20166.74%27.95%
20155.33%-21.47%
201414.67%-8.61%
201332.48%26.16%
201214.39%5.17%
20114.49%2.98%
201014.84%21.7%

IVW had its best year in 2020 with an annual return of 33.21%. IVW’s worst year over the past decade yielded -0.17% and occurred in 2018. In most years the iShares S&P 500 Growth ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2012, 2014, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 14.39%, 14.67%, and 14.84% respectively.

The year 2016 was the strongest year for XLE, returning 27.95% on an annual basis. The poorest year for XLE in the last ten years was 2020, with a yield of -32.56%. Most years the Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund has given investors modest returns, such as in 2017, 2011, and 2012, when gains were -1.01%, 2.98%, and 5.17% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

IVW vs. XLE - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
IVW$10,000$51,91516.74%
XLE$10,000$9,3391.28%

A $10,000 investment in IVW would have resulted in a final balance of $51,915. This is a profit of $41,915 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16.74%.

With a $10,000 investment in XLE, the end total would have been $9,339. This equates to a $-661 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.28%.

IVW’s CAGR is 15.46 percentage points higher than that of XLE and as a result, would have yielded $42,576 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, IVW outperformed XLE by 15.46% annually.


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