The iShares Core S&P 500 ETF (IVV) and the Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. IVV is a iShares Large Blend fund and VB is a Vanguard Small Blend fund. So, what’s the difference between IVV and VB? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of IVV is 0.02 percentage points lower than VB’s (0.03% vs. 0.05%). IVV also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, IVV has provided higher returns than VB over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare IVV vs. VB. We’ll look at annual returns and holdings, as well as at their performance and industry exposure. Moreover, I’ll also discuss IVV’s and VB’s portfolio growth, fund composition, and risk metrics and examine how these affect their overall returns.

Summary

IVVVB
NameiShares Core S&P 500 ETFVanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares
CategoryLarge BlendSmall Blend
IssueriSharesVanguard
AUM294.95B137.72B
Avg. Return14.48%14.25%
Div. Yield1.28%1.14%
Expense Ratio0.03%0.05%

The iShares Core S&P 500 ETF (IVV) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 294.95B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.48% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.28% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.

The Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) is a Small Blend fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 137.72B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.25% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.14% with an expense ratio of 0.05%.

IVV’s dividend yield is 0.14% higher than that of VB (1.28% vs. 1.14%). Also, IVV yielded on average 0.22% more per year over the past decade (14.48% vs. 14.25%). The expense ratio of IVV is 0.02 percentage points lower than VB’s (0.03% vs. 0.05%).

Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

IVV vs. VB - Industry Exposure

IVVVB
Technology24.64%16.85%
Industrials8.73%16.11%
Energy2.55%3.67%
Communication Services11.24%2.4%
Utilities2.49%2.19%
Healthcare13.52%14.34%
Consumer Defensive6.34%4.14%
Real Estate2.63%9.56%
Financial Services13.86%13.06%
Consumer Cyclical11.74%13.03%
Basic Materials2.27%4.63%

The iShares Core S&P 500 ETF (IVV) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 24.64%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 13.86% and 13.52% respectively. Utilities (2.49%), Energy (2.55%), and Real Estate (2.63%) only make up 7.67% of the fund’s total assets.

IVV’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 6.34%, 8.73%, 11.24%, 11.74%, and 13.52%.

The Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares (VB) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 16.85%. This is followed by Industrials and Healthcare at 16.11% and 14.34% respectively. Communication Services (2.4%), Energy (3.67%), and Consumer Defensive (4.14%) only make up 10.21% of the fund’s total assets.

VB’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Real Estate, Consumer Cyclical, Financial Services, and Healthcare stocks at 4.63%, 9.56%, 13.03%, 13.06%, and 14.34%.

IVV is 7.79% more exposed to the Technology sector than VB (24.64% vs 16.85%). IVV’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 0.80% higher and 0.82% lower respectively (13.86% vs. 13.06% and 13.52% vs. 14.34%). In total, Utilities, Energy, and Real Estate also make up 7.75% less of the fund’s holdings compared to VB (7.67% vs. 15.42%).

Holdings

IVV - Holdings

IVV HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc6.14%
Microsoft Corp5.76%
Amazon.com Inc3.83%
Facebook Inc Class A2.29%
Alphabet Inc Class A2.17%
Alphabet Inc Class C2.07%
Tesla Inc1.42%
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B1.42%
NVIDIA Corp1.3%
JPMorgan Chase & Co1.23%

IVV’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 6.14%, 5.76%, 3.83%, 2.29%, and 2.17%.

Alphabet Inc Class C (2.07%), Tesla Inc (1.42%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.42%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the IVV’s holdings at 1.3% and 1.23%.

VB - Holdings

VB HoldingsWeight
Charles River Laboratories International Inc0.34%
Pool Corp0.32%
Bio-Techne Corp0.32%
Avantor Inc0.32%
PerkinElmer Inc0.31%
Diamondback Energy Inc0.31%
VICI Properties Inc Ordinary Shares0.3%
IDEX Corp0.3%
Entegris Inc0.3%
Novavax Inc0.29%

VB’s Top Holdings are Charles River Laboratories International Inc, Pool Corp, Bio-Techne Corp, Avantor Inc, and PerkinElmer Inc at 0.34%, 0.32%, 0.32%, 0.32%, and 0.31%.

Diamondback Energy Inc (0.31%), VICI Properties Inc Ordinary Shares (0.3%), and IDEX Corp (0.3%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Entegris Inc and Novavax Inc are also represented in the VB’s holdings at 0.3% and 0.29%.

Performance

Annual Returns

IVV vs. VB - Annual Returns

YearIVVVB
202018.37%19.08%
201931.44%27.37%
2018-4.42%-9.3%
201721.79%16.24%
201611.9%18.31%
20151.34%-3.65%
201413.62%7.51%
201332.31%37.8%
201215.91%18.22%
20112.03%-2.68%
201014.96%27.89%

IVV had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 32.31%. IVV’s worst year over the past decade yielded -4.42% and occurred in 2018. In most years the iShares Core S&P 500 ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2014, 2010, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 13.62%, 14.96%, and 15.91% respectively.

The year 2013 was the strongest year for VB, returning 37.8% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VB in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.3%. Most years the Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2017, 2012, and 2016, when gains were 16.24%, 18.22%, and 18.31% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

IVV vs. VB - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
IVV$10,000$41,97614.48%
VB$10,000$39,73414.25%

A $10,000 investment in IVV would have resulted in a final balance of $41,976. This is a profit of $31,976 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.48%.

With a $10,000 investment in VB, the end total would have been $39,734. This equates to a $29,734 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.25%.

IVV’s CAGR is 0.22 percentage points higher than that of VB and as a result, would have yielded $2,242 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, IVV outperformed VB by 0.22% annually.

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