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IVV vs. IEFA: What’s The Difference?

The iShares Core S&P 500 ETF (IVV) and the iShares Core MSCI EAFE ETF (IEFA) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. IVV is a iShares Large Blend fund and IEFA is a iShares Foreign Large Blend fund. So, what’s the difference between IVV and IEFA? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of IVV is 0.04 percentage points lower than IEFA’s (0.03% vs. 0.07%). IVV also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, IVV has provided higher returns than IEFA over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare IVV vs. IEFA. We’ll look at holdings and fund composition, as well as at their industry exposure and risk metrics. Moreover, I’ll also discuss IVV’s and IEFA’s performance, annual returns, and portfolio growth and examine how these affect their overall returns.

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Summary

IVVIEFA
NameiShares Core S&P 500 ETFiShares Core MSCI EAFE ETF
CategoryLarge BlendForeign Large Blend
IssueriSharesiShares
AUM294.95B95.78B
Avg. Return14.48%5.79%
Div. Yield1.28%2.28%
Expense Ratio0.03%0.07%

The iShares Core S&P 500 ETF (IVV) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 294.95B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 14.48% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.28% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.

The iShares Core MSCI EAFE ETF (IEFA) is a Foreign Large Blend fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 95.78B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 5.79% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.28% with an expense ratio of 0.07%.

IVV’s dividend yield is 1.00% lower than that of IEFA (1.28% vs. 2.28%). Also, IVV yielded on average 8.69% more per year over the past decade (14.48% vs. 5.79%). The expense ratio of IVV is 0.04 percentage points lower than IEFA’s (0.03% vs. 0.07%).

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Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

IVV vs. IEFA - Industry Exposure

IVVIEFA
Technology24.64%9.81%
Industrials8.73%16.32%
Energy2.55%3.19%
Communication Services11.24%5.53%
Utilities2.49%3.25%
Healthcare13.52%12.01%
Consumer Defensive6.34%9.78%
Real Estate2.63%4.31%
Financial Services13.86%15.91%
Consumer Cyclical11.74%11.96%
Basic Materials2.27%7.93%

The iShares Core S&P 500 ETF (IVV) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 24.64%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 13.86% and 13.52% respectively. Utilities (2.49%), Energy (2.55%), and Real Estate (2.63%) only make up 7.67% of the fund’s total assets.

IVV’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 6.34%, 8.73%, 11.24%, 11.74%, and 13.52%.

The iShares Core MSCI EAFE ETF (IEFA) has the most exposure to the Industrials sector at 16.32%. This is followed by Financial Services and Healthcare at 15.91% and 12.01% respectively. Utilities (3.25%), Real Estate (4.31%), and Communication Services (5.53%) only make up 13.09% of the fund’s total assets.

IEFA’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Consumer Defensive, Technology, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 7.93%, 9.78%, 9.81%, 11.96%, and 12.01%.

IVV is 14.83% more exposed to the Technology sector than IEFA (24.64% vs 9.81%). IVV’s exposure to Financial Services and Healthcare stocks is 2.05% lower and 1.51% higher respectively (13.86% vs. 15.91% and 13.52% vs. 12.01%). In total, Utilities, Energy, and Real Estate also make up 3.08% less of the fund’s holdings compared to IEFA (7.67% vs. 10.75%).

Holdings

IVV - Holdings

IVV HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc6.14%
Microsoft Corp5.76%
Amazon.com Inc3.83%
Facebook Inc Class A2.29%
Alphabet Inc Class A2.17%
Alphabet Inc Class C2.07%
Tesla Inc1.42%
Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B1.42%
NVIDIA Corp1.3%
JPMorgan Chase & Co1.23%

IVV’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 6.14%, 5.76%, 3.83%, 2.29%, and 2.17%.

Alphabet Inc Class C (2.07%), Tesla Inc (1.42%), and Berkshire Hathaway Inc Class B (1.42%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and JPMorgan Chase & Co are also represented in the IVV’s holdings at 1.3% and 1.23%.

IEFA - Holdings

IEFA HoldingsWeight
Nestle SA1.77%
ASML Holding NV1.43%
Roche Holding AG1.31%
LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE1.08%
Novartis AG1.0%
Toyota Motor Corp0.92%
AstraZeneca PLC0.78%
Unilever PLC0.76%
AIA Group Ltd0.74%
SAP SE0.73%

IEFA’s Top Holdings are Nestle SA, ASML Holding NV, Roche Holding AG, LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE, and Novartis AG at 1.77%, 1.43%, 1.31%, 1.08%, and 1.0%.

Toyota Motor Corp (0.92%), AstraZeneca PLC (0.78%), and Unilever PLC (0.76%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. AIA Group Ltd and SAP SE are also represented in the IEFA’s holdings at 0.74% and 0.73%.

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Performance

Annual Returns

IVV vs. IEFA - Annual Returns

YearIVVIEFA
202018.37%8.55%
201931.44%22.67%
2018-4.42%-14.2%
201721.79%26.42%
201611.9%1.36%
20151.34%0.53%
201413.62%-4.82%
201332.31%23.73%
201215.91%0.0%
20112.03%0.0%
201014.96%0.0%

IVV had its best year in 2013 with an annual return of 32.31%. IVV’s worst year over the past decade yielded -4.42% and occurred in 2018. In most years the iShares Core S&P 500 ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2014, 2010, and 2012 where annual returns amounted to 13.62%, 14.96%, and 15.91% respectively.

The year 2017 was the strongest year for IEFA, returning 26.42% on an annual basis. The poorest year for IEFA in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -14.2%. Most years the iShares Core MSCI EAFE ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2010, 2015, and 2016, when gains were 0.0%, 0.53%, and 1.36% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

IVV vs. IEFA - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
IVV$10,000$23,33514.48%
IEFA$10,000$14,0085.79%

A $10,000 investment in IVV would have resulted in a final balance of $23,335. This is a profit of $13,335 over 7 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.48%.

With a $10,000 investment in IEFA, the end total would have been $14,008. This equates to a $4,008 profit over 7 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.79%.

IVV’s CAGR is 8.69 percentage points higher than that of IEFA and as a result, would have yielded $9,327 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, IVV outperformed IEFA by 8.69% annually.


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