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IEMG vs. VT: What’s The Difference?

The iShares Core MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (IEMG) and the Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. IEMG is a iShares Diversified Emerging Mkts fund and VT is a Vanguard N/A fund. So, what’s the difference between IEMG and VT? And which fund is better?

The expense ratio of IEMG is 0.03 percentage points higher than VT’s (0.11% vs. 0.08%). IEMG also has a higher exposure to the technology sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, IEMG has provided lower returns than VT over the past ten years.

In this article, we’ll compare IEMG vs. VT. We’ll look at industry exposure and portfolio growth, as well as at their risk metrics and annual returns. Moreover, I’ll also discuss IEMG’s and VT’s performance, holdings, and fund composition and examine how these affect their overall returns.

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Summary

IEMGVT
NameiShares Core MSCI Emerging Markets ETFVanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares
CategoryDiversified Emerging MktsN/A
IssueriSharesVanguard
AUM83.68B30.44B
Avg. Return7.41%10.42%
Div. Yield1.78%1.65%
Expense Ratio0.11%0.08%

The iShares Core MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (IEMG) is a Diversified Emerging Mkts fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 83.68B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 7.41% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.78% with an expense ratio of 0.11%.

The Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) is a N/A fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 30.44B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 10.42% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.65% with an expense ratio of 0.08%.

IEMG’s dividend yield is 0.13% higher than that of VT (1.78% vs. 1.65%). Also, IEMG yielded on average 3.01% less per year over the past decade (7.41% vs. 10.42%). The expense ratio of IEMG is 0.03 percentage points higher than VT’s (0.11% vs. 0.08%).

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Fund Composition

Industry Exposure

IEMG vs. VT - Industry Exposure

IEMGVT
Technology20.44%19.63%
Industrials5.92%10.7%
Energy4.71%3.48%
Communication Services11.41%9.02%
Utilities2.13%2.6%
Healthcare5.73%11.58%
Consumer Defensive5.68%6.71%
Real Estate2.75%3.64%
Financial Services16.9%15.36%
Consumer Cyclical15.67%12.32%
Basic Materials8.64%4.97%

The iShares Core MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (IEMG) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 20.44%. This is followed by Financial Services and Consumer Cyclical at 16.9% and 15.67% respectively. Real Estate (2.75%), Energy (4.71%), and Consumer Defensive (5.68%) only make up 13.14% of the fund’s total assets.

IEMG’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Healthcare, Industrials, Basic Materials, Communication Services, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 5.73%, 5.92%, 8.64%, 11.41%, and 15.67%.

The Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 19.63%. This is followed by Financial Services and Consumer Cyclical at 15.36% and 12.32% respectively. Energy (3.48%), Real Estate (3.64%), and Basic Materials (4.97%) only make up 12.09% of the fund’s total assets.

VT’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Communication Services, Industrials, Healthcare, and Consumer Cyclical stocks at 6.71%, 9.02%, 10.7%, 11.58%, and 12.32%.

IEMG is 0.81% more exposed to the Technology sector than VT (20.44% vs 19.63%). IEMG’s exposure to Financial Services and Consumer Cyclical stocks is 1.54% higher and 3.35% higher respectively (16.9% vs. 15.36% and 15.67% vs. 12.32%). In total, Real Estate, Energy, and Consumer Defensive also make up 0.69% less of the fund’s holdings compared to VT (13.14% vs. 13.83%).

Holdings

IEMG - Holdings

IEMG HoldingsWeight
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd5.37%
Tencent Holdings Ltd4.42%
Alibaba Group Holding Ltd Ordinary Shares4.38%
Samsung Electronics Co Ltd3.49%
Meituan1.52%
Naspers Ltd Class N0.93%
Vale SA0.91%
Reliance Industries Ltd Shs Dematerialised0.83%
China Construction Bank Corp Class H0.77%
Infosys Ltd0.74%

IEMG’s Top Holdings are Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd, Tencent Holdings Ltd, Alibaba Group Holding Ltd Ordinary Shares, Samsung Electronics Co Ltd, and Meituan at 5.37%, 4.42%, 4.38%, 3.49%, and 1.52%.

Naspers Ltd Class N (0.93%), Vale SA (0.91%), and Reliance Industries Ltd Shs Dematerialised (0.83%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. China Construction Bank Corp Class H and Infosys Ltd are also represented in the IEMG’s holdings at 0.77% and 0.74%.

VT - Holdings

VT HoldingsWeight
Apple Inc2.85%
Microsoft Corp2.71%
Amazon.com Inc1.98%
Facebook Inc Class A1.1%
Alphabet Inc Class A0.97%
Alphabet Inc Class C0.95%
Tesla Inc0.7%
NVIDIA Corp0.64%
JPMorgan Chase & Co0.62%
Tencent Holdings Ltd0.6%

VT’s Top Holdings are Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp, Amazon.com Inc, Facebook Inc Class A, and Alphabet Inc Class A at 2.85%, 2.71%, 1.98%, 1.1%, and 0.97%.

Alphabet Inc Class C (0.95%), Tesla Inc (0.7%), and NVIDIA Corp (0.64%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. JPMorgan Chase & Co and Tencent Holdings Ltd are also represented in the VT’s holdings at 0.62% and 0.6%.

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Risk Analysis

IEMGVT
Mean Return00.9
R-squared099.35
Std. Deviation014.19
Alpha00.2
Beta01.01
Sharpe Ratio00.71
Treynor Ratio09.5

The iShares Core MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (IEMG) has a Mean Return of 0 with a R-squared of 0 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0. Its Alpha is 0 while IEMG’s Standard Deviation is 0. Furthermore, the fund has a Beta of 0 and a Treynor Ratio of 0.

The Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares (VT) has a Mean Return of 0.9 with a Alpha of 0.2 and a Standard Deviation of 14.19. Its Beta is 1.01 while VT’s R-squared is 99.35. Furthermore, the fund has a Treynor Ratio of 9.5 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0.71.

IEMG’s Mean Return is 0.90 points lower than that of VT and its R-squared is 99.35 points lower. With a Standard Deviation of 0, IEMG is slightly less volatile than VT. The Alpha and Beta of IEMG are 0.20 points lower and 1.01 points lower than VT’s Alpha and Beta.

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Performance

Annual Returns

IEMG vs. VT - Annual Returns

YearIEMGVT
202018.18%16.74%
201917.5%26.8%
2018-14.69%-9.67%
201736.78%24.19%
20169.98%8.77%
2015-13.86%-1.88%
2014-2.04%3.97%
2013-2.16%22.98%
20120.0%17.33%
20110.0%-7.71%
20100.0%13.05%

IEMG had its best year in 2017 with an annual return of 36.78%. IEMG’s worst year over the past decade yielded -14.69% and occurred in 2018. In most years the iShares Core MSCI Emerging Markets ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2012, 2011, and 2010 where annual returns amounted to 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0% respectively.

The year 2019 was the strongest year for VT, returning 26.8% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VT in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -9.67%. Most years the Vanguard Total World Stock Index Fund ETF Shares has given investors modest returns, such as in 2016, 2010, and 2020, when gains were 8.77%, 13.05%, and 16.74% respectively.

Portfolio Growth

IEMG vs. VT - Portfolio Growth

FundInitial BalanceFinal BalanceCAGR
IEMG$10,000$15,0377.41%
VT$10,000$18,42610.42%

A $10,000 investment in IEMG would have resulted in a final balance of $15,037. This is a profit of $5,037 over 7 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.41%.

With a $10,000 investment in VT, the end total would have been $18,426. This equates to a $8,426 profit over 7 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.42%.

IEMG’s CAGR is 3.01 percentage points lower than that of VT and as a result, would have yielded $3,389 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, IEMG performed worse than VT by 3.01% annually.


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