The SPDR Gold Shares (GLD) and the iShares MSCI USA Value Factor ETF (VLUE) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. GLD is a SPDR State Street Global Advisors N/A fund and VLUE is a iShares Large Value fund. So, what’s the difference between GLD and VLUE? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of GLD is 0.25 percentage points higher than VLUE’s (0.4% vs. 0.15%). GLD also has a lower exposure to the technology sector and a higher standard deviation. Overall, GLD has provided lower returns than VLUE over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare GLD vs. VLUE. We’ll look at fund composition and portfolio growth, as well as at their performance and risk metrics. Moreover, I’ll also discuss GLD’s and VLUE’s annual returns, industry exposure, and holdings and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||SPDR Gold Shares||iShares MSCI USA Value Factor ETF|
|Issuer||SPDR State Street Global Advisors||iShares|
The SPDR Gold Shares (GLD) is a N/A fund that is issued by SPDR State Street Global Advisors. It currently has 59.26B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 5.81% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 0.0% with an expense ratio of 0.4%.
The iShares MSCI USA Value Factor ETF (VLUE) is a Large Value fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 15.95B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 8.91% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.89% with an expense ratio of 0.15%.
GLD’s dividend yield is 1.89% lower than that of VLUE (0.0% vs. 1.89%). Also, GLD yielded on average 3.10% less per year over the past decade (5.81% vs. 8.91%). The expense ratio of GLD is 0.25 percentage points higher than VLUE’s (0.4% vs. 0.15%).
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The SPDR Gold Shares (GLD) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 0.0%. This is followed by Industrials and Energy at 0.0% and 0.0% respectively. Consumer Cyclical (0.0%), Financial Services (0.0%), and Real Estate (0.0%) only make up 0.00% of the fund’s total assets.
GLD’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Healthcare, Utilities, Communication Services, and Energy stocks at 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0%.
The iShares MSCI USA Value Factor ETF (VLUE) has the most exposure to the Technology sector at 26.89%. This is followed by Healthcare and Financial Services at 14.31% and 10.96% respectively. Energy (2.42%), Utilities (2.68%), and Real Estate (3.19%) only make up 8.29% of the fund’s total assets.
VLUE’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Industrials, Communication Services, Consumer Cyclical, and Financial Services stocks at 7.22%, 9.14%, 10.39%, 10.66%, and 10.96%.
GLD is 26.89% less exposed to the Technology sector than VLUE (0.0% vs 26.89%). GLD’s exposure to Industrials and Energy stocks is 9.14% lower and 2.42% lower respectively (0.0% vs. 9.14% and 0.0% vs. 2.42%). In total, Consumer Cyclical, Financial Services, and Real Estate also make up 24.81% less of the fund’s holdings compared to VLUE (0.00% vs. 24.81%).
GLD’s Top Holdings are Gold Trust, N/A, N/A, N/A, and N/A at 100.0%, 0%, 0%, 0%, and 0%.
N/A (0%), N/A (0%), and N/A (0%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. N/A and N/A are also represented in the GLD’s holdings at 0% and 0%.
|General Motors Co||3.19%|
|Micron Technology Inc||3.14%|
|Cisco Systems Inc||3.05%|
|International Business Machines Corp||2.76%|
|Ford Motor Co||2.23%|
VLUE’s Top Holdings are AT&T Inc, Intel Corp, General Motors Co, Micron Technology Inc, and Cisco Systems Inc at 7.13%, 6.14%, 3.19%, 3.14%, and 3.05%.
International Business Machines Corp (2.76%), Target Corp (2.38%), and Citigroup Inc (2.32%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Ford Motor Co and Pfizer Inc are also represented in the VLUE’s holdings at 2.23% and 2.17%.
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The SPDR Gold Shares (GLD) has a Beta of 0.48 with a R-squared of 16.21 and a Standard Deviation of 16.58. Its Treynor Ratio is 1.21 while GLD’s Sharpe Ratio is 0.12. Furthermore, the fund has a Mean Return of 0.21 and a Alpha of 3.91.
The iShares MSCI USA Value Factor ETF (VLUE) has a Treynor Ratio of 0 with a Alpha of 0 and a Standard Deviation of 0. Its Mean Return is 0 while VLUE’s R-squared is 0. Furthermore, the fund has a Sharpe Ratio of 0 and a Beta of 0.
GLD’s Mean Return is 0.21 points higher than that of VLUE and its R-squared is 16.21 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 16.58, GLD is slightly more volatile than VLUE. The Alpha and Beta of GLD are 3.91 points higher and 0.48 points higher than VLUE’s Alpha and Beta.
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GLD had its best year in 2010 with an annual return of 27.25%. GLD’s worst year over the past decade yielded -28.09% and occurred in 2013. In most years the SPDR Gold Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2012, 2016, and 2011 where annual returns amounted to 5.26%, 8.69%, and 11.2% respectively.
The year 2019 was the strongest year for VLUE, returning 27.47% on an annual basis. The poorest year for VLUE in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -11.18%. Most years the iShares MSCI USA Value Factor ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2012, 2011, and 2010, when gains were 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in GLD would have resulted in a final balance of $15,308. This is a profit of $5,308 over 7 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.81%.
With a $10,000 investment in VLUE, the end total would have been $17,247. This equates to a $7,247 profit over 7 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.91%.
GLD’s CAGR is 3.10 percentage points lower than that of VLUE and as a result, would have yielded $1,939 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, GLD performed worse than VLUE by 3.10% annually.
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