The iShares MSCI EAFE ETF (EFA) and the Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLE) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. EFA is a iShares Foreign Large Blend fund and XLE is a SPDR State Street Global Advisors Equity Energy fund. So, what’s the difference between EFA and XLE? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of EFA is 0.20 percentage points higher than XLE’s (0.32% vs. 0.12%). EFA also has a higher exposure to the financial services sector and a lower standard deviation. Overall, EFA has provided higher returns than XLE over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare EFA vs. XLE. We’ll look at risk metrics and holdings, as well as at their industry exposure and portfolio growth. Moreover, I’ll also discuss EFA’s and XLE’s annual returns, performance, and fund composition and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||iShares MSCI EAFE ETF||Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund|
|Category||Foreign Large Blend||Equity Energy|
|Issuer||iShares||SPDR State Street Global Advisors|
The iShares MSCI EAFE ETF (EFA) is a Foreign Large Blend fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 56.77B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 6.47% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.28% with an expense ratio of 0.32%.
The Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLE) is a Equity Energy fund that is issued by SPDR State Street Global Advisors. It currently has 25.55B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 1.28% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 3.92% with an expense ratio of 0.12%.
EFA’s dividend yield is 1.64% lower than that of XLE (2.28% vs. 3.92%). Also, EFA yielded on average 5.19% more per year over the past decade (6.47% vs. 1.28%). The expense ratio of EFA is 0.20 percentage points higher than XLE’s (0.32% vs. 0.12%).
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The iShares MSCI EAFE ETF (EFA) has the most exposure to the Financial Services sector at 16.88%. This is followed by Industrials and Healthcare at 15.01% and 12.8% respectively. Utilities (3.35%), Energy (3.51%), and Communication Services (5.68%) only make up 12.54% of the fund’s total assets.
EFA’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Basic Materials, Technology, Consumer Defensive, Consumer Cyclical, and Healthcare stocks at 7.91%, 9.68%, 10.56%, 11.62%, and 12.8%.
The Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLE) has the most exposure to the Energy sector at 100.0%. This is followed by Technology and Industrials at 0.0% and 0.0% respectively. Consumer Cyclical (0.0%), Financial Services (0.0%), and Real Estate (0.0%) only make up 0.00% of the fund’s total assets.
XLE’s mid-section with moderate exposure is comprised of Consumer Defensive, Healthcare, Utilities, Communication Services, and Industrials stocks at 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.0%.
EFA is 16.88% more exposed to the Financial Services sector than XLE (16.88% vs 0.0%). EFA’s exposure to Industrials and Healthcare stocks is 15.01% higher and 12.80% higher respectively (15.01% vs. 0.0% and 12.8% vs. 0.0%). In total, Utilities, Energy, and Communication Services also make up 87.46% less of the fund’s holdings compared to XLE (12.54% vs. 100.00%).
|ASML Holding NV||1.69%|
|Roche Holding AG||1.55%|
|LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE||1.28%|
|Toyota Motor Corp||1.09%|
|AIA Group Ltd||0.88%|
EFA’s Top Holdings are Nestle SA, ASML Holding NV, Roche Holding AG, LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE, and Novartis AG at 2.11%, 1.69%, 1.55%, 1.28%, and 1.19%.
Toyota Motor Corp (1.09%), AstraZeneca PLC (0.92%), and Unilever PLC (0.9%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. AIA Group Ltd and SAP SE are also represented in the EFA’s holdings at 0.88% and 0.86%.
|Exxon Mobil Corp||23.7%|
|EOG Resources Inc||4.46%|
|Marathon Petroleum Corp||4.17%|
|Pioneer Natural Resources Co||4.08%|
|Kinder Morgan Inc Class P||3.85%|
|Williams Companies Inc||3.5%|
XLE’s Top Holdings are Exxon Mobil Corp, Chevron Corp, ConocoPhillips, EOG Resources Inc, and Schlumberger Ltd at 23.7%, 20.03%, 4.64%, 4.46%, and 4.43%.
Marathon Petroleum Corp (4.17%), Pioneer Natural Resources Co (4.08%), and Phillips 66 (4.07%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. Kinder Morgan Inc Class P and Williams Companies Inc are also represented in the XLE’s holdings at 3.85% and 3.5%.
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The iShares MSCI EAFE ETF (EFA) has a Mean Return of 0.57 with a Treynor Ratio of 5.33 and a Alpha of 0.47. Its Standard Deviation is 15.01 while EFA’s R-squared is 96.78. Furthermore, the fund has a Sharpe Ratio of 0.41 and a Beta of 0.98.
The Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLE) has a R-squared of 61.84 with a Standard Deviation of 27.52 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0.12. Its Mean Return is 0.32 while XLE’s Beta is 1.54. Furthermore, the fund has a Treynor Ratio of -0.4 and a Alpha of -11.98.
EFA’s Mean Return is 0.25 points higher than that of XLE and its R-squared is 34.94 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 15.01, EFA is slightly less volatile than XLE. The Alpha and Beta of EFA are 12.45 points higher and 0.56 points lower than XLE’s Alpha and Beta.
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EFA had its best year in 2017 with an annual return of 24.94%. EFA’s worst year over the past decade yielded -13.83% and occurred in 2018. In most years the iShares MSCI EAFE ETF provided moderate returns such as in 2016, 2010, and 2020 where annual returns amounted to 0.96%, 7.52%, and 7.92% respectively.
The year 2016 was the strongest year for XLE, returning 27.95% on an annual basis. The poorest year for XLE in the last ten years was 2020, with a yield of -32.56%. Most years the Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund has given investors modest returns, such as in 2017, 2011, and 2012, when gains were -1.01%, 2.98%, and 5.17% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in EFA would have resulted in a final balance of $18,269. This is a profit of $8,269 over 11 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.47%.
With a $10,000 investment in XLE, the end total would have been $9,339. This equates to a $-661 profit over 11 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.28%.
EFA’s CAGR is 5.19 percentage points higher than that of XLE and as a result, would have yielded $8,930 more on a $10,000 investment. Thus, EFA outperformed XLE by 5.19% annually.
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