The Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Fund ETF Shares (BND) and the iShares MSCI USA Quality Factor ETF (QUAL) are both among the Top 100 ETFs. BND is a Vanguard Intermediate-Term Bond fund and QUAL is a iShares Large Blend fund. So, what’s the difference between BND and QUAL? And which fund is better?
The expense ratio of BND is 0.12 percentage points lower than QUAL’s (0.03% vs. 0.15%). BND is mostly comprised of AAA bonds while QUAL has a high exposure to the technology sector. Overall, BND has provided lower returns than QUAL over the past ten years.
In this article, we’ll compare BND vs. QUAL. We’ll look at portfolio growth and holdings, as well as at their performance and fund composition. Moreover, I’ll also discuss BND’s and QUAL’s annual returns, industry exposure, and risk metrics and examine how these affect their overall returns.
|Name||Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Fund ETF Shares||iShares MSCI USA Quality Factor ETF|
|Category||Intermediate-Term Bond||Large Blend|
The Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Fund ETF Shares (BND) is a Intermediate-Term Bond fund that is issued by Vanguard. It currently has 312.15B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 4.09% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 2.02% with an expense ratio of 0.03%.
The iShares MSCI USA Quality Factor ETF (QUAL) is a Large Blend fund that is issued by iShares. It currently has 23.93B total assets under management and has yielded an average annual return of 13.42% over the past 10 years. The fund has a dividend yield of 1.29% with an expense ratio of 0.15%.
BND’s dividend yield is 0.73% higher than that of QUAL (2.02% vs. 1.29%). Also, BND yielded on average 9.33% less per year over the past decade (4.09% vs. 13.42%). The expense ratio of BND is 0.12 percentage points lower than QUAL’s (0.03% vs. 0.15%).
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|BND Bond Sectors||Weight|
BND’s Top Bond Sectors are ratings of AAA, BBB, A, AA, and Below B at 68.72%, 16.17%, 11.87%, 3.34%, and 0.01%. The fund is less weighted towards B (0.0%), BB (0.0%), and US Government (0.0%) rated bonds.
|Facebook Inc Class A||4.77%|
|Nike Inc Class B||4.05%|
|Johnson & Johnson||2.99%|
|Mastercard Inc Class A||2.72%|
|Alphabet Inc Class A||2.49%|
QUAL’s Top Holdings are Facebook Inc Class A, Nike Inc Class B, Microsoft Corp, Apple Inc, and Johnson & Johnson at 4.77%, 4.05%, 3.54%, 3.52%, and 2.99%.
BlackRock Inc (2.87%), Target Corp (2.8%), and Mastercard Inc Class A (2.72%) have a slightly smaller but still significant weight. NVIDIA Corp and Alphabet Inc Class A are also represented in the QUAL’s holdings at 2.71% and 2.49%.
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The Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Fund ETF Shares (BND) has a Mean Return of 0.28 with a Beta of 1.04 and a Treynor Ratio of 2.64. Its Alpha is -0.14 while BND’s Standard Deviation is 3.14. Furthermore, the fund has a R-squared of 99.34 and a Sharpe Ratio of 0.88.
The iShares MSCI USA Quality Factor ETF (QUAL) has a Beta of 0 with a Mean Return of 0 and a Standard Deviation of 0. Its Alpha is 0 while QUAL’s Sharpe Ratio is 0. Furthermore, the fund has a R-squared of 0 and a Treynor Ratio of 0.
BND’s Mean Return is 0.28 points higher than that of QUAL and its R-squared is 99.34 points higher. With a Standard Deviation of 3.14, BND is slightly more volatile than QUAL. The Alpha and Beta of BND are 0.14 points lower and 1.04 points higher than QUAL’s Alpha and Beta.
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BND had its best year in 2019 with an annual return of 8.71%. BND’s worst year over the past decade yielded -2.14% and occurred in 2013. In most years the Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Fund ETF Shares provided moderate returns such as in 2017, 2012, and 2014 where annual returns amounted to 3.62%, 4.04%, and 5.96% respectively.
The year 2019 was the strongest year for QUAL, returning 34.14% on an annual basis. The poorest year for QUAL in the last ten years was 2018, with a yield of -5.77%. Most years the iShares MSCI USA Quality Factor ETF has given investors modest returns, such as in 2010, 2015, and 2016, when gains were 0.0%, 5.56%, and 9.18% respectively.
|Fund||Initial Balance||Final Balance||CAGR|
A $10,000 investment in BND would have resulted in a final balance of $13,232. This is a profit of $3,232 over 7 years and amounts to a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.09%.
With a $10,000 investment in QUAL, the end total would have been $23,251. This equates to a $13,251 profit over 7 years and a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.42%.
BND’s CAGR is 9.33 percentage points lower than that of QUAL and as a result, would have yielded $10,019 less on a $10,000 investment. Thus, BND performed worse than QUAL by 9.33% annually.
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